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Sickle Cell Anemia. What Is It? Sickle Cell Anemia is……. A Genetic disease body produces abnormally shaped red blood cells. Red blood cells shaped like.

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Presentation on theme: "Sickle Cell Anemia. What Is It? Sickle Cell Anemia is……. A Genetic disease body produces abnormally shaped red blood cells. Red blood cells shaped like."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sickle Cell Anemia

2 What Is It? Sickle Cell Anemia is……. A Genetic disease body produces abnormally shaped red blood cells. Red blood cells shaped like crescent/sickle Don’t last as long as red blood cells (lead to anemia ) Can get stuck in blood vessel blocking blood flow Causing pain and organ damage

3  born with two sickle genes (one from each parent).  only one sickle gene = trait is not expressed because it is recessive.  About 1 in every 12 African American have sickle cell trait(testing can show if trait is present)  Gene responsible for sickle cell anemia is Beta hemoglobin (HBB) / hemoglobin S

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5  Fatigue, Fever, Paleness, Increased Heart Rate, Frequent urination, Excessive thirst, Poor Eye Sight, Skin ulcers, Yellowing of both eyes and skin, Delayed growth, Strokes, Breathlessness, Painful and prolonged erections  Pain  Abdominal  Bone

6  Taking supplements of Folic Acid  Antibiotics and Vaccines are given to prevent infection  Blood Transfusion  Bone Marrow or Stem Cell transplants  Oxygen loss

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8  Pic 1 –http://www.humanillnesses.com/original/images/hdc_0001_0003_0_img0235.jpg  Pic 2 -  Pic 3 -  Pic 4 -  Pic 5 - anemia.jpg  “Sickle Cell Anemia.” Medicine Plus. Web. 14 April  Chial, H. (2008) “Rare genetic disorders: Learning about genetic disease through gene mapping, SNPs, and microarray data.” Nature Education 1(1). Web. 14 April  “What Is Sickle Cell Anemia?” U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Web. 14 Aprill 2011.www.nhlbi.nih.gov  “What Is Sickle Cell Anemia?” U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Web. 14 Aprill 2011.www.nhlbi.nih.gov  “Sickle cell anemia.” Medicine Plus. Web. 13 April 2011.www.nlm.nih.gov


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