Presentation on theme: "Tajikistan AME EDUCATION SECTOR PROFILE. Education Structure Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics Tajikistan Education System Structure and Enrollments."— Presentation transcript:
Education Structure Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics Tajikistan Education System Structure and Enrollments 2007
Education Structure Education Configuration and Enrollment Percentages % Net Enrollment % Gross Enrollment ClassificationLevel/GradeAges 2007 Pre-primaryPre-school3-67%9% Pre-university Elementary, grades 1-47-1097%100% Basic Secondary, grades 5-9 11-15 81%* 95% Secondary, grades 10-1116-18 55% Vocational secondary, grades 10-1116-18 N/A12% Professional Education Undergraduate study18-22 N/A20%** Post graduate study22+ *Includes all secondary. ** Includes all tertiary. Compulsory education in Tajikistan is grades 1-9. Education is free to citizens. Private education is not allowed. Tajikistan Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics
Population Structure Tajikistan Source: International Labor Organization 68% of the population is below the age of 30. The 0-14 year olds, at 38% of society, will continue to pressure the education and employment systems for many years to come.
Relevant Policies: 1.National Strategy for Educational Development 2006-2015. 2.Tajikistan National Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper 2009-2011 3.EFA Fast Track Initiative Awards (2), $18.4 million, 2006-2010 www.educationfasttrack.org www.educationfasttrack.org Policies are available at: http://planipolis.iiep.unesco.org/format_liste1_en.php?Chp2=Tajikistan Education Policy Tajikistan
Education Access: Pre-university Primary and lower secondary enrollments have increased almost to capacity. Upper secondary enrollments are increasing at the same rate (11%) but have managed to attain just over 50% enrollment. Tajikistan Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics
Education Access: Tertiary Tajikistan Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics The percentage difference in male-female enrollments has been steadily increasing since 1990. The 20% tertiary enrollment rate is close to the ASEAN average of 23%
Education Access: Gender The gender parity index for this level is.96 indicating that girls attend primary education in almost equal numbers as boys. Tajikistan Source: World Bank EdStats, UNESCO Institute for Statistics
Education Access: Gender Tajikistan Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics, Tajikistan Ministry of Education A serious difference of almost 27% exists between male and female enrollments at the upper secondary level. Gender parity at the upper secondary level is 0.62.
Education Quality : Teachers Tajikistan The percentage of teachers with a higher education level has declined from 77% in 1991 to 64% in 2007. Source: World Bank (2008) Tajikistan Second Programmatic Public Expenditure Review, Tajikistan Ministry of Education.
Education Quality: Teachers Tajikistan Source: World Bank (2008) Public Expenditure Review 25% of schools report a teacher vacancy rate of 10% or more. Teacher vacancies are most serious in the rural regions, such as Khatlon, where 91% of school principals have reported shortages.
Education Quality: Completion Tajikistan Source: World Bank EdStats Although gross completion rates are over 100%, boys are slightly more successful at completing primary education than girls.
Education Quality: Testing Source: Tajikistan Tajikistan does not participate in international testing such as the TIMSS.
Education Equity: Gender/ Geographic Disparities Tajikistan Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics A gender gap exists throughout all grades of the system. The difference in male-female enrollments is most serious from grade 7 (11%) to grade 11 (37%).
Education Equity: Income Disparities Source: World Bank EdStats Tajikistan Grades 1,3, and 7 have overall good access rates by all income groups. Students from all wealth quintiles have difficulties remaining in school until grade 9, the poorest most so.
Education Efficiency: Expenditure Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics: data from various years, 1991-2007. Tajikistan Tajikistan’s proportion of public spending on education is comparable to other CAR countries. On the contrary, it spends the least amount of its GDP on education.
Education Efficiency: Expenditure Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics Tajikistan Allocating 55% of the budget to secondary education has signaled the government’s intention to place more focus on this level.
Education Efficiency: Repetition Source: World Bank EdStats Repetition rates in Tajikistan are negligible with primary rate at 0.2% and secondary at 0.4% in 2007. Tajikistan
Education: Conclusion Successes: Access: Near universal primary enrollment. Upper secondary and tertiary enrollments increasing steadily. Quality: Primary completion rates high. Equity: Almost equal access to lower grades by all income levels. Efficiency: Negligible repetition at all grades 1-11. Budget allocated to level most in need. Challenges: Access: Poor access to upper secondary by all students. Quality: No assessment of student academic achievement against international norms. Wide-spread teacher shortages. Declining teacher academic preparation. Equity: Female students lowest access rates to all levels but especially upper secondary. Efficiency: Tajikistan