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ON ACCELERATING PROGRESS ON GIRLS’ EDUCATION in BANGLADESH Fourth Meeting of the Working Group on Education For All, Paris, 22-23 July 2003 COUNTRY REPORT.

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Presentation on theme: "ON ACCELERATING PROGRESS ON GIRLS’ EDUCATION in BANGLADESH Fourth Meeting of the Working Group on Education For All, Paris, 22-23 July 2003 COUNTRY REPORT."— Presentation transcript:

1 ON ACCELERATING PROGRESS ON GIRLS’ EDUCATION in BANGLADESH Fourth Meeting of the Working Group on Education For All, Paris, July 2003 COUNTRY REPORT Kazi Farid Ahammed Joint Secretary, Development Ministry of Primary & Mass Education Bangladesh Presented by -

2 1971: On liberation of Bangladesh, literacy rate was 18 % with the female literacy rate of 11 % 1972: Constitution promulgated to ensure: 1. Background Basic Human Rights to all citizen Equity, equality & parity Government’s obligation to adopt effective measures for: 1) Establishing a uniform, mass-oriented and universal system for free compulsory basic education 2)Relating education to the needs of the society and producing properly trained and motivated citizens to serve those needs; and 3)Eradicating illiteracy

3 1973: - Nationalization of 36,165 primary schools & - Declaration of 157,724 teachers as governmental employee 1974: - Enactment of the Primary Education Act - Accepted recommendations of BEC Report which stressed Girls’ education - Setting up adult education program (11-45 aged group) through GOB & NGOs 1990: - Enactment of the Compulsory Primary Education Law - Adoption of the Declaration of the EFA as a signatory

4 2. Major achievements since 1973: First Five Year Plan (FYP) ( ) -Girls enrollment: 2.7m (1973) – 3m (1978) Short Plan ( ) -Literacy program for out-of-school children and illiterate adults with focus on girls and women Second FYP ( ) -Promotion of girls education through: a) Establishment of the Directorate of Primary Education in 1982

5 b) Free distribution of uniform in primary school c) Creation of 500 posts for female teachers d) Completion of school mapping e) Creation of more infrastructural facility (e.g. 11,274 classrooms crated, 9,421 schools repaired, 6,242 tube well installed, 5,745 toilets constructed) f) Creation of about 2,000 posts of Assistant Upazila Education Officers to supervise and inspect primary schools Third FYP ( ) - Free distribution of textbooks in primary schools -Renewal of curricula and syllabuses

6 -Further development of physical infrastructure - Appointment of more teachers with focus on female teachers Fourth FYP ( ) - Created separated Primary and Mass Education Division (PMED) in National Action of Plan (NPA-1) Finalized, adopted and followed - Initiation of the Food for Education project - Introduction of secondary stipend program for 100% girl children Fifth FYP ( ) - Primary Education Development Plan (PEDP –1): MACRO Plan finalized

7 3. Major achievements in Primary Education (1990 – 2002) % of Female teachers rose from 20% to 38% % of girl students increased to nearly 50% Total dropout rate lowered from 60% to 33%

8 4. Analysis and challenges Access and attendance improved and exceeded the national targets Overall improvement in Primary GER and literacy rate for boys and girls, yet disparities remain in favour of boys in general (e.g. Youth literacy rate in 2000: 56.7% for boys, 39.7% for girls) Primary and mass education is given 50% of the national budget out of the entire budget in education sector At secondary school, enrollment rate of girls is higher than that of boys in 1999/2000. ( EFA Global Monitoring Report ) Public current expenditure on Primary Education as % of GNP: 0.61% in 1999/2000 ( EFA Global Monitoring Report )

9 5. Main innovative GOB&NGOs programmes: a)Dhaka Ahsania Mission : Alternative Primary School Program : Offers 27 months course assorted in 3 grades of 9 months each. Target group is 8-10 year old. b)UCEP School : For under-privileged children of the age group 6-14 years. Duration is 7 years consisting both general and technical education. c)Proshika NFE Program : For 8-11 years old children 3 year course equivalent to 5 years formal primary claimed. d)The BRAC : Two types of NFE program. One is a 3 year NFE schools for 8-11 years old children and 2 year adolescent schools for years old. e)GOB : Stipend program for poor children, stipend program for all girls’ in HSS, PLCEHD Projects, CEC, URC, ETC.

10 6.Future plans to reach EFA Goals through DFA to attain gender equality 1)To introduce “baby class” to primary school with one additional teacher for ECCE. 2)To promote a holistic approach for both formal and non-formal education by linking to other sectors such as health, nutrition, water and sanitation and poverty reduction. 3)To strengthen C-in-Education program by updating its curricula and modules 4)To enhance capacity of the Upazila educational personnel and Upazila Resource Centers (URC) 5)To increase capacity of the National Academy for Primary Education and National Curriculum and Text Board 6)Creation of more schools and classrooms

11 7) Ensuring the smooth implementation of stipend program for 40% poor primary children and that for secondary education (???) for ensuring 85% attendance 8) To sustain the policy of employing 60% of female teachers at primary schools 9) Enhancement of non-formal education for basic literacy and PLCE to be more relevant to job market demands and economic development

12 Thank you All


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