Presentation on theme: "REGIONAL EDUCATION INDICATORS PROJECT Progress towards the achievement of the Summit of the Americas Goals November 14, 2007."— Presentation transcript:
REGIONAL EDUCATION INDICATORS PROJECT Progress towards the achievement of the Summit of the Americas Goals November 14, 2007
Goal 1: Universalization of the Quality Primary Education ….Direct correlation between lower social development and academic underachievement within the education system.
7 countries of the region have managed universalize primary education. 6 of them universalized between the period 1999 - 2005. However, in 6 countries the rate is still lower than 90%. Evolution of the primary education net enrolment rate. 1999-2005 () 1999 () 2005
Evolution of the survival rate to final grade of primary education (1999-2005) More than 65% of the countries have progressed on their survival rate to final grade in this period. Those that progressed the most were the ones having in 1999 the lower rates. () 1999 () 2005
Evolution on the percentage of the primary education repeaters (1999-2005) Between 1999 and 2005, one can see un important decrease on the percentage of the repeaters in the region. In some countries the decrease were higher than 10%. () 1999 () 2005
() 15 to 19 years () 20 to 24 years. The four countries presenting more difficulties on achieving the universalization of primary education, show progress in the proportion of the more recent generation of completers compared with the previous generation. Percentage of the 15 to 19 and 20 to 24 years old population who has completed primary education. 2005 About 9% of the 15 to 19 years old, and about 24% of the 15 years old an over population have not completed primary education that means at least 4.5 millions of the youth and 88 millions of the youth and adults.
Primary Education Access, coverage and completion More unfavorable to countries with: Higher levels of demographic dependence Lower levels of relative development Lower income per population ACTIONS IN FAVOUR TO THE SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF ALL Fully justify to prioritize the
Goal 2: At least 75% of the youth have access to quality secondary education, with progressive higher rates of the completion of the youth
Evolution of the secondary education net enrolment rate. 1999-2005 11 countries of the region have achieved access of at least 75% to secondary. The evolution in the period 1999-2005 is significant for most countries, However, most countries still face the challenge of achieving the goal. () 2005 () 1999
Secondary net enrolment rate and GDP per capita (PPA). 2005 The lower levels of access to secondary education represent those with higher population demand and lower development. Secondary net enrolment rate and demand for secondary education (15 to 19 years pop.). 2005
Percentage of the 20 to 24 and 25 to 29 years population who have completed secondary education. 2005 There are greater differences among countries related to completion of secondary, and biggest gap between generations for secondary compared with the primary education situation. () 20 to 24 years () 25 to 29 years
Education equity The equity gap among countries for secondary education is considerably higher than for primary education for the youth, regarding rural-urban population or their income level (lower-upper) quintiles.
Goal 3: Offer lifelong learning opportunities for the general population
The education as a permanent lifelong learning process: Important challenges on acquisition the basic competences by the adult population. In many countries the illiteracy rates remain high, despite the percentage of illiterates for the youth population are considerably lower for all countries in the region. The average years of schooling of the urban population is much higher than the rural population. The access to tertiary education is quite uneven in the region.
Illiteracy of the youth and adult population. 2005 15 years and above 15-24 years The illiteracy rates for the youth have decreased considerably as well as for the adult population in general
Average years of schooling of the 25 to 29 years old population. 2005. () Urban () Rural
Most of the countries of the region have national students assessment periodically, mostly every year, including at least reading and mathematics for intermediate grades of primary and secondary education. Along with the assessment, it is collected information on associated factors to the students academic achievement. Countries of the region present different strategies for dissemination the results through printed material and electronically, by sub-national region and school or individually to the students families. Some countries of the region participate in different international studies, like SERCE/OREALC (2006), PISA (2003) y TIMSS (2003). Quality of education: The National Assessment Systems
Early childhood education in the Summit of the Americas countries The Scarborough Declaration (2005), Trinidad and Tobago, recognizes … the need to extend the education structure to start at early childhood by its positive impact in the quality of education and in the inequality reduction.
At world level, the number of children enrolled in pre-primary education has almost tripled in three decades, from 44 millions during the mid seventies to 124 millions at 2004. The region presents diverse results related to access to pre-primary education. La educación pre-primaria o preescolar Pre-primary net enrolment rate. 2005.
In most countries of the region it is noted a gender parity of access to pre-primary education. The gender parity for the access to pre-primary education Gender Parity Index of the Pre-primary Net Enrolment Rate. 2005.
Conclusion Summit of the Americas Goals Progress A considerable number of children and youth will no not have their rights to education guaranteed by the Summit of the Americas goals for an important group of countries, unless effort is made on specific policies that are substantive to the goals achievement. In secondary education, eleven countries have been able to guarantee that at least 75% of the youth be enrolled, despite only three countries have accomplished that at least 60% of its 20 to 24 years old population have completed secondary education. Illiteracy levels for the 15 years old and above still as high as 20% or higher for some countries. The education as a permanent lifelong learning process includes a diversity of offer of education programs, despite important challenges in the basic competences acquisition by the adult population.
Conclusion Context Conditions Generally, countries with lower level of wealth, lower relative development and those that face more demand for education pressure with higher demographic growth and dependency are the ones that face highest challenges towards the accomplishment of the Summit goals.
The pertinent and fundamental Promote international cooperation actions that contribute to the strengthening the national tasks
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