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 Freud – ID dominated  Psychoanalytic  Neo Analytic (new analysis)  Psychodynamic.

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Presentation on theme: " Freud – ID dominated  Psychoanalytic  Neo Analytic (new analysis)  Psychodynamic."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Freud – ID dominated  Psychoanalytic  Neo Analytic (new analysis)  Psychodynamic

3  Carl Jung  Alfred Adler  Karen Horney  Anna Freud  Margaret Mahler  Heinz Kohut  Erik Erikson  Object Relations

4 Click on link above

5   religious background  father was a pastor  mother was a minister’s daughter  open to “alternative” ideas  occult and parapsychological

6  felt that he was two people ◦ a school boy ◦ a wise man (100 years old)  introverted, lonely, rich imagination  had visions (religious, psychotic?)

7  MD, drawn to psychiatry, graduated 1900  married Emma Rauschenbach  4 daughters and 1 son  Jung had affairs for several decades

8  correspondence with Freud  Jung withdrew for years after this  less emphasis of sexuality  more emphasis on “spirituality”  Freud viewed personality as fixed by ___________  Jung viewed personality as _________ oriented

9  Conscious Ego  similar in scope and meaning to Freud  is conscious  embodies the sense of self  developed by about age ____

10  unconscious consists of 2 layers  personal unconscious  similar to Freud’s unconscious  is accessible  contains both past and future material  people can’t see the future  they sense what will happen  serves to compensate for conscious tendencies  e.g.: passive person, aggressive dreams

11  collective unconscious  level below the personal unconscious  contains powerful emotional symbols  derived from the emotional reactions of our ancestors  archetypes predisposes us to react in predictable ways

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13  archetypal images show up in art  the outward expression of archetypal images are called symbols

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17  Other archetypes  anima = ___________________________  animus = _________________________  men and woman have an intimate knowledge of the other sex

18  Other archetypes  Persona –  Shadow –

19  Mother – wise grandmother  Hero – king, savior, champion  Demon – Satan, anti-Christ, vampire, cruelty and evil

20  A group of emotionally charged feelings and ideas that are related to a theme

21  introversion-extraversion are attitudes  sensing-intuiting, thinking-feeling are ________  this framework is operationalized by the MBTI  judging and perceiving were added to the theory

22  Introversion-Extraversion (I-E)  Sensing-Intuiting (S-N)  Thinking-Feeling (T-F)  Myers-Briggs ◦ Judging-Perceiving (J-P)

23  Energizing - ________________________  Extroversion (E) –  Introversion (I) -

24  Attending -  Sensing (S)-  Intuition (N)-

25  Deciding -  Thinking (T)-  Feeling (F)-

26  Living -  Judgement (J) –   Perception (P) -

27  the process of healing requires balancing of these functions  The weaker function of each pair is usually unconscious.

28  Jung 1 Jung 1  Jung 2 Jung 2  Jung 3 Jung 3  Jung 4 Jung 4

29 Click on link above

30  Born in Vienna - frail, sickly child  Married Raissa Epstein  4 children (2 became psychologists)  Studied medicine  ____________________– believed in the unique motivations of people

31 Basic Human Motivation Basic Human Problem An Inferiority Complex occurs when the need for self improvement is blocked.

32 feelings of inferiority are natural start in childhood and continues reaction to inferiority feelings is Compensation

33 ModernAdler  Firstborn  perfectionistic or people-pleasing behaviors.  confident, controlling, diligent  over-achievers and dominant  Middleborn  range of personalities.  may develop great social skills  other-centered point of view  intelligent talented, musically,  Youngest  party animal, entertainer, daring  precocious, solitary, conservative  Most likely to be problematic  Competitive  Pampered  Profound inferiority

34 Humor Type Social interest Activity Adler’s Type yellowcholericlowhigh Ruling dominant phlegmphlegmaticlow Getting Leaning black bile melancholiclow Avoiding bloodsanguinehigh Socially Useful

35  Adler Adler

36 Click on link above

37  Freud overstressed biology  more optimistic  womb envy  struggled with depression  struggle gave insight to theory

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39  lack of warmth and affection for child  parent is not abusive but indifferent  unaware of the effect on child  Manifestation: oscillation between overindulgence and rejection  unfulfilled promises, ridiculing independent thinking, disturbing friendships, spoiling the child's interests

40  reaction is _______________  But, hostility threatens parental bond, so hostility is repressed.  Repression results in _________________  feeling lonely and helpless

41 Click on link above

42  Erickson : A neo-Freudian  “Ego psychologist”  Psychosocial Theory  8 stages Click here

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47 Adolescence

48 Young Adulthood

49 Middle Adulthood

50 Late Adulthood

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52 Person Internal Psychic World Mother Father

53 Person Mother Father Introjection

54 Mother Father Objects

55 Mother Father Identification Self-Object Object Representation

56 Mother Father Self-Object Object Representation Mother is…. Submissive, Kind Afraid of Authority Avoids Conflict Dad is.. Abusive, dominant, unsympathetic

57 Person External Persons Object relatedness I am… Submissive Kind Afraid of Authority Avoids Conflict My partner is…. Abusive, dominant, unsympathetic

58  Otto Rank Otto Rank  Erich Fromm Erich Fromm Click here


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