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Jung Chapter 3

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1 Jung Chapter 3

2 Biographical Lonely, fantasy-filled childhood A. Stone – perspective of stone B. Manikin – “secret friend” C. Phallus Dream – Lord Jesus D. Throne Vision – terrible thought Lifelong interest in the Occult

3 Biographical Adulthood  Married 1903  Freud’s successor  “creative illness”  love triangle

4 Libido Creative, biological life force (energy) for personal growth As biological needs become easier to satisfy, energy is used for more spiritual problems How much energy we devote to a problem determines its value to us

5 Principles Principle of Equivalence (1 st law of thermodynamics)  Total amount of psychic energy is fixed Principle of Opposites  Every concept has a polar opposite Principle of Entropy  Tendency to equalize energy within a system

6 Components of the Personality 1. Ego (conscious)  Responsible for sense of identity thinking, feeling, remembering – conscious awareness functions of daily living

7 Components of the Personality 2. Personal Unconscious  Material that was once conscious but was repressed or forgotten or not vivid enough to make an impression  Complex Personally disturbing, interrelated feelings, memories, and impulses that are usually repressed, which would inhibit person growth; i.e., mother complex  Development of the word-association test

8 Components of the Personality 3. Collective Unconscious  Most mystical, controversial concept  Collective experiences from human evolutionary past, inherited  Archetype Inherited predisposition to respond to certain aspects of the world, formed because humans have a natural tendency to make myths

9 Archetypes PERSONA  One’s public self (mask, social roles)  Inflation of the persona If Persona given too much importance, stifles other components of personality

10 Archetypes ANIMA & ANIMUS  Shows males/females how to interact with opposite gender; an “ideal” male/female  Anima: Female component of the male psyche  Animus: Masculine component of the female psyche

11 Archetypes SHADOW  Darkest, deepest part of the psyche, animal instincts (immoral, aggressive, passionate)  Projected outward: monsters

12 Archetypes SELF  Attempts to harmonize all the other components  Life’s primary goal

13 Therapy Goal: to bring archetypes into consciousness and then integrate into personality; i.e., use them Self-realization: harmonize components in psyche

14 Stages of Development Stages defined by where the focus of libidinal energy was Childhood (from birth to adolescence)  Early: Energy directed toward survival skills; eating, walking  After age 5, more energy devoted to sexuality

15 Stages of Development Young Adulthood (from adolescence to about age 40)  Energy directed toward work, marriage, children, community Middle Age (from about age 40 to the later years of life)  Most important phase  Energy directed toward finding a meaning in life  Many of his patients’ complexes from lack of religion Ideally, focus switches from self concerns to world concerns

16 Eight Personality Types Two general attitudes  Direction of energy flow Extroversion: Sociable, outgoing, interested in external events Introversion: Quiet, imaginative, more interested in ideas

17 Four functions of thought  thinking – feeling (making judgments/decisions; rational) Feeling: Determines an object’s worth to the individual (emotions) Thinking: Tells what an object is (logic, reason)  sensing – intuiting (getting information; irrational) Sensing: Detects the presence of objects (details) Intuiting: Provides hunches when no data are available (big picture) Eight Personality Types

18 2 attitudes (energy) 8 types 4 functions of thoughts (dealing with the world) X Eight Personality Types EFET EN ITIF INISES

19 The Eight Types EXTROVERTED THINKING EXTROVERTED FEELING EXTROVERTED SENSATION EXTROVERTED INTUITION INTROVERTED THINKING INTROVERTED FEELING INTROVERTED SENSATION INTROVERTED INTUITION Interested in facts about objects external to the self Logical Fixed rules Represses emotions and feelings Neglects friends and relationships

20 The Eight Types EXTROVERTED THINKING EXTROVERTED FEELING EXTROVERTED SENSATION EXTROVERTED INTUITION INTROVERTED THINKING INTROVERTED FEELING INTROVERTED SENSATION INTROVERTED INTUITION Interested in ideas and inner reality Inflexible, cold Pays little attention to other people

21 The Eight Types EXTROVERTED THINKING EXTROVERTED FEELING EXTROVERTED SENSATION EXTROVERTED INTUITION INTROVERTED THINKING INTROVERTED FEELING INTROVERTED SENSATION INTROVERTED INTUITION Responds to reality emotionally, but only as appropriate to situation Respects authority/tradition Frequent among women

22 The Eight Types EXTROVERTED THINKING EXTROVERTED FEELING EXTROVERTED SENSATION EXTROVERTED INTUITION INTROVERTED THINKING INTROVERTED FEELING INTROVERTED SENSATION INTROVERTED INTUITION Subjective truth is the only truth Follow own thoughts and feelings Few friends

23 The Eight Types EXTROVERTED THINKING EXTROVERTED FEELING EXTROVERTED SENSATION EXTROVERTED INTUITION INTROVERTED THINKING INTROVERTED FEELING INTROVERTED SENSATION INTROVERTED INTUITION Emphasizes sensory experience Concerned with facts and details, “realist” Not particularly interested in analysis of situation

24 The Eight Types EXTROVERTED THINKING EXTROVERTED FEELING EXTROVERTED SENSATION EXTROVERTED INTUITION INTROVERTED THINKING INTROVERTED FEELING INTROVERTED SENSATION INTROVERTED INTUITION Creates own meaning for sensory experiences e.g., musicians and artists

25 The Eight Types EXTROVERTED THINKING EXTROVERTED FEELING EXTROVERTED SENSATION EXTROVERTED INTUITION INTROVERTED THINKING INTROVERTED FEELING INTROVERTED SENSATION INTROVERTED INTUITION Concerned with possibilities for change in the external world, rather than with the familiar Unconcerned with logic

26 The Eight Types EXTROVERTED THINKING EXTROVERTED FEELING EXTROVERTED SENSATION EXTROVERTED INTUITION INTROVERTED THINKING INTROVERTED FEELING INTROVERTED SENSATION INTROVERTED INTUITION Explore implications of internal events Often distant Daydreamer

27 Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Includes:  Extravert/Introvert scale  Thinking/Feeling scale  Intuiting/Sensing scale Added:  Judging/Perceiving scale organized, plans vs. improvising 16 types

28 My Personality Type Jung Test Results Introverted (I) 83.33% Extroverted (E) 16.67% Intuitive (N) 87.5% Sensing (S) 12.5% Feeling (F) 66.67% Thinking (T) 33.33% Perceiving (P) 79.17% Judging (J) 20.83% Your type is: INFP INFP - "Questor". High capacity for caring. Emotional face to the world. High sense of honor derived from internal values. 4.4% of total population.

29 Explaining human behavior Causality  attempt to explain adult personality in terms of prior experiences (past) Teleology  human behavior has a purpose (future) Synchronicity  meaningful coincidence influence behavior

30 Research Techniques Word-association test Study of psychotic patients Self-study of dreams and visions Wide, cross-cultural study of symbols, rituals, etc.

31 Contributions Optimism about human nature Importance of future Importance of search for meaning as a motivator Use of multiple cultures

32 Criticisms Nonfalsifiable Unclear, contradictory Emphasis of irrational and spirituality Use of unscientific methods

33 Freud vs. Jung Similarities  Libido  Principle of Conservation of Energy; Principle of equivalence  Ego  Unconscious  Stages of Development  Causality  Dreams Differences  Libido  Unconscious  Stages of Development  Causality and Teleology  Pessimistic/Optimistic about human nature  Religion


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