1STD’S Chlamydia Gonorrhea Syphilis Pubic Lice Trichomoniasis “Trich” Genital HerpesHPV & Genital WartsHIVHepatitis B and C
2TRUE OR FALSE 1. There are more than 30 different types of STD’S 2. STD’S can be spread through oral sex3. Some STD’s have No Symptoms4. All STD’s are curable5. You can have more than one STD at a Time6. Once you are cured of a STD, You can Never get it again.7. STD’s can infect you eyes and mouth if fluids get transferred into these areas.8. STD’s are diagnosed in males by a sample urine test and a swab IN the end of the penis.9. STD’s Are getting more difficult to cure “antibiotic resistant”10. You must inform all sexual partners after you are diagnosed with a STD
3IMPORTANT1 in 4 teenagers will contract a STD before they become adults!YOU can get a STD even if your partner has NO symptoms!YOU can get a STD by ANY form of Sexual Contact!
4CHLAMYDIAChlamydia is spread from person to person during sexual activityIt can be passed through vaginal, anal, and oral sexCan also be passed by the hand to other body parts, such as the eyes, throat, and anusChlamydia is treatable/It is a BacteriaSymptoms may appear days after contact
5Symptoms of Chlamydia Clear or milky discharge from the penis Burning when peeingSwollen or painful testiclesRedness, itching, and/or discharge from the eyesMay not have any symptoms at all!3 out 4 women have no symptoms½ of all men will have no symptoms
6TESTING A Health Care Provider will conduct testing Swab or other instrument to take cell samplesInsert into the penisInsert in to the vagina (Pap Smear)Possible urine and Blood TestTREAMENTAntibiotics for YOU and YOUR PARTNER(S)NO SEXUAL CONTACT UNTIL THE DR. SAYS O.K.
7PREVENTION NO SEXUAL CONTACT! No Vaginal, Anal, or Oral SEX Use a Condom
12Gonorrhea Is spread through oral, anal, and vaginal sex Can also be passed to the eye or other body parts through infected fluidsIt is curable/It is a BacteriaVery similar to ChlamydiaCan to up to 30 days for any symptoms to appear
13Symptoms of Gonorrhea Milky discharge from penis Burning when peeing Pain and swelling in the testiclesVaginal dischargeLower stomach painIrregular periodsFeverSoar throatRedness and itching from the eyesMay not have any symptoms at ALL!
144 out 5 women will have no symptoms 1 out of 10 men will not have symptoms9 out 10 oral infection have no symptomsThis is the STD which is referred to as “CLAP or the “DRIP”
15TESTING Health Care Provider Swab or other Instrument to take cell samples from the vagina, penis, anus, or throatMay also test Blood or UrineWill also be tested for Chlamydia
16TreatmentA course of Antibiotics/sometimes more for you and Your Partner(s)No sexual Contact for You or Your Partner(s) until the Dr. say you are clear.
24Syphilis Passed person to person by direct contact with a sore or rash Can be passed through oral, anal and vaginal sexCan be passed by holding hands, kissing, and other close personal contactSyphilis is treatable! It is a Bacteria4 stages: Primary, Secondary, Latent, Tertiary
25Stage 1/Primary Stage A painless sore (chancre) Sore will be found where the germ first entered the bodySore can appear 9 to 90 days after infectionSore may appear – then it will disappear on its own after 1 to 5 weeksYou can still pass it to someone with or without a sore or any symptom
27Stage 2/ Secondary Stage Sores reappearMay also get rashes on the hands and/or feetRash may also cover the whole bodyMay also get brown sores the size of a pennyRash heals in 2 to 6 weeks on its ownBut if not treated with antibiotics, it can still be transmitted to others!
36Stage 3 / LatentIf the disease has not been treated, it will disappear or “hide” then goes into stage 4STAGE 4/ TertiaryBacteria begins to damage the heart, eyes, brain, joints, and other parts of the body.Causes mental illness, blindness, brain damage
37HERPES Herpes Simplex Virus Type I “Cold Sore” or “Fever Blister” Can be spread through kissing and touchingCan be spread through oral sex and then cause genital herpesAlmost 90% of Americans have HSV-1 at some time in their lifeMost easily spread with an open sore
40PAY ATTENTION! Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Almost always spread through sexual contactCan be spread from one body part to anotherTypically spread through an open sore, but can be spread with no symptoms (or blisters)presentMany individuals will not have symptoms, but will be a carrier & pass it to another person, and get symptoms later on.THERE IS NO CURE! It is a VISRUS
41STAGES of HERPES1. Hardly noticable- A little red, pain free, a little swelling in the genital region 2. Small Blisters-very uncomfortable, sore, and filled with fluid (Blister) 3. Blisters BURST or POP – oozing liquid and fluid – Hurts A LOT 4.After the oozing – the blisters dry up and scab over 5. Shedding – Skin naturally sheds – possibly spreading during sexual activity
48IMPORTANT YOU WILL ALWAYS HAVE The Herpes Virus! EVEN IN A NURSING HOME WHEN YOU ARE 90! Outbreaks will Occur!
49Trichomoniasis “Trich” “Trich” is a microscopic PARASITE which causes infectionMen rarely know if they are infected3.7 million people have “Trich”Only 30% of people will develop symptomsCan be passed through oral, anal and vaginal sex even with no symptoms presentRarely will infect body parts such as hands, faceIt is curable
50Symptoms of “Trich” Itching and burning in the genital region Burning after peeingRed and Sore GenitalsFemales may have an unusual discharge that can be white, clear, yellowish, or greenishIf symptoms do appear-they can appear 5 to 28 days after infection
54Diagnosis/TreatmentMust have a physical exam and lab test done to determine if “Trich” is presentOral antibiotic is usually given for treatmentDon’t have sexual contact until cleared by your dr.
55HPV There are more than 40 types of HPV Some types of HPV can cause Genital WartsOther types of HPV can cause cancersMost individuals are unaware that they have HPVCan be passed to your sexual partner with or without symptomsMost people will get it and never know they had it. Some types of HPV go away on their own before it causes health problems
56HPV/Genital Warts Small bump or group of bumps Some may be small, others could be largeSome are raised, while others may be flatSome people who are infected, may not have any signs or symptoms!Warts do not turn to cancerOnce infected with warts, they can be treated, but will continue to return!
57HPV Over 20 million people have HPV Many never know they have it or had it.HPV is SO common that most sexually active people will have it sometime in their life – even with VERY Few or ONE sexual partnerLong Term effects of having HPV is Warts or cervical cancer
63Pubic Lice/”CRABS” Can be found in all races and cultures Pubic lice can be found in Genital Areas, beards, mustaches, eye lashes, and eye browsPubic Lice IS NOT the same as head lice!Symptoms are itching in the genital areaIt is transmitted through oral, vaginal, and anal sex“Crabs” can also be passed to another by sharing towels, clothes, and sheetsPubic lice is curable
67Hepatitis A,B and CTransmitted through sexual contact, direct contact with blood, infected needles, toothbrushes, and razorsIndividuals may not have any symptoms for yearsEventually Hepatitis will begin to damage the liver. When the liver begins to malfunction, then symptoms may appearSymptoms could include: low grade fever, muscles and joints may ache, loss of appetite.NO KNOWN CURE/This is a Virus!
68Prevention of Hepatitis Wear a condomLimit sexual ActivityDo not share NeedlesBe cautious if you get manicures, pedicures, or tattoos! Equipment must be sterile/CleanVaccinations from Dr. (series of 3 shots)Don’t share razors or toothbrushes!High Risk Areas: Dorms, Nursing Homes, Day Care Centers
70HIVHIV is spread through the blood, semen, genital fluids, and breast milkHIV is spread through ORAL, VAGINAL, & ANAL SEX!Not Using Condoms and Sharing Drug Injection (needles) is a the most common way to transmit (spread) HIVHIV is spread through microscopic tears on your body (mouth, genitals, anus) Bodily fluid gets into the microscopic tear and passes the Virus to you!HIV is a VIRUS/Not curedDrugs can ONLY suppress or slow the growth of the Virus!
71PROTECTING YOURSELF Limit your sexual partners (DON”T HAVE SEX!) If you have sex ALWAYS use a condom!NEVER share needles, toothbrushes or razors!GET TESTED!! It is only a blood test!
72HIVMany individuals may live years without having symptoms and not knowing they are a carrier!HIV is NOT AIDS!HIV progresses into AIDS after the years and the immune system weakensNO KNOWN CURE
73AIDS AIDS is Late Stage HIV If HIV is left untreated, it severely damages the bodies immune system (how you body fights disease and germs)Once the Immune System is severely attacked, AIDS is DevelopedOnce you have AIDS, you no longer say “HIV positive” ---You have AIDS!