Presentation on theme: " This is an upper respiratory infection. Pharyngitis is gram positive The pharyngitis is caused by swelling in the back throat (pharynx) between."— Presentation transcript:
This is an upper respiratory infection. Pharyngitis is gram positive The pharyngitis is caused by swelling in the back throat (pharynx) between the tonsils and the (larynx)
Pharyngitis is inflammation, discomfort, or pain in the throat most commonly caused by an infectious etiology, including viruses and typical and atypical bacteria features may be suggestive for viral etiology or group A B-hemolytic streptococcal infection Group A B- hemolytic Streptococcus organisms are the most common cause of bacterial pharyngitis. This is the most serious treatable type of pharyngitis, as it can complicate with rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis
Approximately 30 million cases of pharyngitis are diagnosed annually in the U.S., Sore throat accounts for 1% to 2% of outpatient visits Over 50% of cases of pharyngitis are diagnosed in patients between 5 and 24 years of age It is diagnosed in up to 37% of all children presenting with sore throat to outpatient settings
Some of the symptoms is sore throat. Some other symptoms is fever, headache, joint pain and muscle aches, skin rashes, swallow lymph nodes in the neck.
You can get strep throat ( Pharyngitis) by direct contact with saliva or fluids from the nose an infected person. A crowded environment like a dormitory, school, or nursing home, can make it easier for the bacteria to spread.
Avoid kissing, sharing cups, and eating utensils with anyone who has a sore throat, a cold flu, mononucleosis, or bacteria infection. Wash your hands Don’t smoke and avoid exposure to secondhand smoke. Use a humidifier if the air in your home is dry. If fail to do this you will have a higher risk of getting Pharyngitis
If your doctor suspects that you have a sore throat caused by bacteria, such as strep throat, he/she will prescribe you antibiotics. But if your sore throat is caused by a virus antibiotics won’t help. It will eventually go away.
Rest Drink lots of fluids. Water and warms broths are better than soft drinks. Avoid drinking alcohol Gargle several time per day with ½ tsp. of salt in a glass of warm water. Try throat lozenges but not give them to a child under 3 years old due to choking hazard.