1 Strep throat Streptococcal pharyngitis streptococcal tonsillitis Presenter: Jennifer Wang (:
2 What is it? Bacterial infection in throat and tonsils Throat becomes inflamed and irritatedPrimarily caused by : Group A streptococcal bacteriaMost common from ages 5-15Typically, sore throats are caused by viral infections—not bacteria.
3 DiscoveryStreptococci bacteria were observed by Anton Van Leeuwenhoek in 1674 with his trusty microscope.In 1904 Friedrich Reinhardt Strep discovered it as the cause of the throat illness, hence its name.
4 How can it be diagnosed/identified? SYMPTOMS:Severe and sudden sore throat with no cold symptomsred and white patches, or coating, in throatpain and difficulty swallowingswollen glands/lymph nodes in neckred and enlarged tonsilsFever over 101 degrees Fahrenheitloss of appetite and nausea, headache, belly painSkin rash (scarlet fever)
5 Tests Physical exam (swollen lymph nodes, presence of symptoms…) Rapid strep test-analyzes bacteria in throat to see if strep is the cause.Throat culture-analyzes cells in back of throat. The cells are placed in container with substances that promote strep growth. If strep bacteria do grow, the culture is positive.Throat culture is more accurate.
6 How can you get it? O_O Strep throat is highly contagious! You can get it by breathing in droplets with strep bacteria in the air, usually when a person who has strep throat breathes, coughs, or sneezes.Strep throat usually goes away in 3 to 7 days.Doctors may suggest over the counter relief medicine.May give antibiotics to prevent spread.Some home remedies: Drink water, sleep, throat lozenges, herbal tea, etc.BUT…complications may occur if infection spreads to other parts of body.
7 Pretty pictures of strep throat yay White tonsillar exudateSmall red spots