Presentation on theme: "EYE, EAR, NOSE, AND THROAT OJO, OREJA, NARIZ, Y GARGANTA GLOBAL MEDICAL TRAINING AT UCLA POORVA VAIDYA & TJ NGUYEN."— Presentation transcript:
EYE, EAR, NOSE, AND THROAT OJO, OREJA, NARIZ, Y GARGANTA GLOBAL MEDICAL TRAINING AT UCLA POORVA VAIDYA & TJ NGUYEN
Tongue Depressor Flashlight Otoscope Thermometer TOOLS OF THE TRADE
In Spanish: pterigio Symptoms: Irritation, redness, inflammation, dryness Patient may describe it as a gradual growth May affect vision in severe cases Causes: Airborne irritants, or UV lights Treatment: Surgical removal Prevention: Sunglasses, stay away from particulate matter PTERYGIUM
In Spanish: Ojo Rosado Symptoms: Redness, pus formation, irritation Bacterial: Spreads to both eyes, thick, greenish discharge, crusting overnight. Viral: In one eye, excessive watering, common cold symptoms, tender lymph nodes. Causes: Infection, allergies, external irritants; spreads through contact Treatment Bacterial: Antibiotic eye drops. Viral: No Treatment. Will clear up from 5 days to 3 weeks Allergies: Anti-histamines Prevention: Personal hygiene CONJUNCTIVITIS (PINK EYE)
In severe cases of Pterygium, what happens that leads to obstruction of vision? QUIZ TIME!!!
In Spanish: catarata Symptoms: Blurred vision, blindness, near-sightedness, cloudy film over eye Causes: over exposure to UV light, aging, hypertension, family history, eye trauma Treatment: Surgical removal of lens and insertion of artificial lens Prevention: Sunglasses CATARACTS
Symptoms: Bacterial: Bacterial growth in middle ear behind eardrum. Follows cold or upper respiratory tract infection. Pain in the ear, hearing loss, ringing or buzzing sounds, fever, discharge from the ear. Fungal: black spores in the ear. Viral: More than one part of the body is infected. Sore throat, runny nose, fever, muscle aches, nausea, etc. Causes: Not always associated with ear disease. May be caused by teeth, sinus disease, inflamed tonsils, or infections in the nose and pharynx. Treatment: Bacterial: antibiotics Fungal: Topical anti-fungal creams Viral: Antiviral medication Prevention: Personal hygiene OTALGIA- MIDDLE EAR PAIN
In Spanish: amigdalitis Causes: Inflammation of tonsils caused by viral or bacterial Infection Most common form of tonsillitis in children is viral. Symptoms: Inflammation, redness, enlarged tonsils and lymph nodes, sore throat, fever and cold-like symptoms Bacterial: Pus formation Treatment: Bacterial: Antibiotics Viral treatment: Must resolve on its own. Provide medications that ameliorate symptoms If severe, tonsils may be removed Prevention: Personal hygiene PHARYNGITIS/TONSILLITIS
A patient complains about ear pain—besides only checking the middle ear, what is a more thorough way of examination? QUIZ TIME!!!!
What was the name of the infected layer of the eye in pink eye? And what are the two ways to detect if someone has this infection? ANOTHER ONE!!!
PREVENTION TIP OF THE WEEK Wash your hands frequently! (especially before eating and after working and using the bathroom)