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Respiratory Tract Conditions Chapter 18. Common Cold Symptoms Usually begin 1-2 days after exposure Include Clear nasal discharge (rhinorrhea) Nasal itching.

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Presentation on theme: "Respiratory Tract Conditions Chapter 18. Common Cold Symptoms Usually begin 1-2 days after exposure Include Clear nasal discharge (rhinorrhea) Nasal itching."— Presentation transcript:

1 Respiratory Tract Conditions Chapter 18

2 Common Cold Symptoms Usually begin 1-2 days after exposure Include Clear nasal discharge (rhinorrhea) Nasal itching Sneezing Nonproductive cough Itching and puffiness of the eyes Mild sore throat Low-grade fever Management Vitamin C Zinc gluconate Transmission Person to person Airborne droplets

3 Sinusitis Symptoms Nasal congestion Facial pain Pain in upper teeth Pressure behind the eyes (retro-orbital) Nasal discharge Pain over sinuses Coughing Fever and chills Management Control the infection Reduce mucous Antibiotics Nasal sprays Type of Infection Bacterial Viral Allergy

4 Pharyngitis Symptoms Throat appears red Tonsils appear swollen Puss-like discharge Causes Viral Bacterial Fungal Management Antibiotics Bed rest Plenty of fluids Saline gargles Throat lozenges Mild analgesics

5 Influenza- “FLU” Symptoms Fever Chills Malaise Headache Muscle aches Hacking cough Sore throat Watery eyes Sensitivity to light Management Rest Plenty of fluids Saltwater gargles Cough medication Analgesics Causes Hemophilus influenza type A, B, or C

6 Allergic Rhinitis “Hay Fever” Symptoms Chronic sore throat Swollen mucosa Enlarged lymph tissue Exudate Causes Seasonal allergies Seasonal pollens or irritants Management Antihistamines Limiting exposure Cromolyn sodium Hypersensitivity reduction

7 Bronchitis Symptoms Marked cyanosis Edema Production of sputum High CO2 levels in blood Low O2 levels in blood Coughing Wheezing Management Reduce swelling Causes Cigarette smoke Pollution Infection

8 Bronchial Asthma Symptoms Wheezing Rapid onset of fatigue Thick yellow or green sputum Causes Constriction of bronchial muscles Mucosal swelling Management Nebullizer Bronchodilators Cromolyn sodium Antihistamines

9 Exercise Induce Bronchospasm Symptoms Chest pain Chest tightness Burning sensation Wheezing Causes Cold air Low humidity Pollutants Management Bronchodilators Cromolyn sodium Oral theophylline Leukotriene modifiers


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