2 Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation CPR stands for…Cardio Pulmonary ResuscitationWhen Do You Use CPR?The steps in CPR should be used whenever someone is unresponsive and not breathing.
3 What are the 4 life threatening emergencies in adults? ~ Heart Attack~ Cardiac Arrest~ Choking~ Stroke
4 A heart attack occurs when… One of the hearts major blood vessel becomes blocked so oxygen cannotget to the heart.
5 The most common symptom of a heart attack is… Severepressureor pain inthe centerof the chest.
6 ~ aches in the chest ~ heart burn ~ indigestion ~ lower back pain Not all victims of heart attack have typical symptoms; women, elderly and diabetics may have vague symptoms such as…~ aches in the chest~ heart burn~ indigestion~ lower back pain
8 What are the signs of a cardiac arrest victim? NO responseNO normalbreathingNO sign ofcirculation
9 What are the 3 things you should do to check if the victim is breathing? ~ LOOK (to see if the chest is rising)~ LISTEN (for breathing)~ FEEL (for breathing on your cheek)
10 What should you do if a victim is unresponsive and not breathing? CPRBegin chest compressions with rescue breathing.Compressions = pushing on the chest 2 inches at a rate of 100 compressions/minute30 compressions / 2 breathsSTARTING COMPRESSIONSis the most important duty in CPR!
11 Steps for compressions: Place heel of one hand in the center of chestPlace other hand on top of first hand,interlocking fingersPosition shoulders over hands, lock elbowsUsing your whole body, push the chest down (compress) 2 inches.30 compressions should bedone
12 What does AED stand for and what does it do? Automated External DefibrillatorIt can analyze heartrhythm, recognize ifa shock is needed,and administer ashock when ready.
13 AED facts:The sooner you get an AED on the victim, the better chance of survival.The AED will walk you through what to do once it is connected to the victim.Once the AED is in place, it should not be removed, even if the patient recovers.
14 ~ children – determine size of pads used. What are the 4 special situations you should look for before using an AED?~ children – determine size of pads used.~ water – victim should not be in water; towel off sweat.~ implanted pacemaker – do not place pads over a pacemaker~ medication patches – remove medicated patches before placing AED pads in position.
15 Chain of Survival Recognize cardiac arrest, Call 911 Post-cardiac arrest careAED or rapid defibrillationCPR – Emphasis on chest compressionsEffective, advanced life support
16 What is the “Good Samaritan” law? This law provides protection from lawsuits to people who give first aid or treatment to someone suffering an injury or sudden illness.
17 Do you know whereThe AED’s are locatedAt this school?