Presentation on theme: "AIRCRAFT FAMILIARIZATION"— Presentation transcript:
1AIRCRAFT FAMILIARIZATION WESTCHESTERARFFCOUNTY AIRPORTIAFF Local 62BOMBARDIER CRJ-100/200
2An Introduction to the CRJ 100/200 Entering service in November 1992, the Bombardier CRJ 100 pioneered the 50 seat jet-class. Today, along with the 200 series they are flown by over 30 different operators on all five continents and serve over 6 million passengers a year.
4Aircraft Design4-Abreast Configuration Designed to hold 50 Passengers 2 Pilots and 2 Cabin Crew members 1 Galley and 1 Lavatory
5LavatoriesThere is one lavatory located in the aft section of the passenger cabin.Fire detection (overhead smoke detector).Extinguishing (Halon 1211 in waste basket only).
6GalleysThere is one galley located in the front of passenger cabin, between the L1 door and the R1 door.Includes 2 Refrigerators, 2 Coffee makers and 4 carts units.
7Power PlantIn 1995, the CRJ-200 series arrived carrying the new General Electric CF34-3B1 turbofan engine.
8General Electric CF34-3B1 Weight: 1,640 lbs each Thrust: 8,729 lbs per engineThe Manufacturer does not recommend specific Fire Fighting Technique(s) for their products.Use your best Judgment!
9Powerplant ContinuedThe engine is a twin spool turbofan design. This means that if you intend to put out an engine fire do not try to extinguish it by spraying water into the front of engine.The power plant in the CRJ 100/200 is made up of several titanium disc fans surrounded by Kevlar to protect the rest of the aircraft in case of a catastrophic engine failure.Keep in mind that the skin of the aircraft, including the engine cowling, are made of aluminum alloy.
10Fuel System 735 Gal 700 Gal 700 Gal 188gal The Fuel Lines for the Engines and APU Run below the Main Cabin floor and are engine driven.Optional Tank188gal700 Gal
11Oxygen System under the fuselage, in the front of the wings. The Oxygen System can be found in the Forward Equipment Bay which can be accessed by a doorunder the fuselage, in the front of the wings.
12There are also two small cylinders stowed in the first overhead compartment of the Main Cabin which are portable for First Aid purposes.
13Hydraulic System Triple Redundant System. Normal Pressure 3000 PSI System 1 : Provides power to the Left side primary flight controls as well as the flight and ground spoilers on both sides.System 2 : Provides pressure to the Right side primary flight controls, as well as the right side spoileron, right aileron, rudder and elevator, outboard brakes and the main landing gear assist and auxiliary actuators).System 3 : Provides pressure to the flight controls on both sides, landing gear, inboard brakes, and nose wheel steering.Systems 1 and 2 are located in the aft equipment bay. System 3 is located in between the main wheel wellsEach system runs independently and each contain 6 pumps. 2 of which are engine driven and 4 that are alternating current motor pumps (ACMP)
14Electrical System Turn to RIGHT Two 28V nickel-cadmium batteries located in the Aft Equipment Bay on the forward pilot side.To access the batteries, open up the equipment bay door located on the bottom of the tail section. Push the button and the release handle forward. They can be shut off by using the quarter-turn quick disconnects. They can be shut off by using the quarter-turn quick knob (shown left; Grey knob) to the RIGHT.Disconnection of the batteries may render fire extinguishing and shutdown systems inoperative. Ensure the aircraft is stabilized before shutting off the batteriesTurn to RIGHT
15Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) Housed in a fire-proof enclosure located in the aft equipment bay in the aircraft tail coneAPU drives the aircraft’s electric generator and draws its fuel using the same pump as the enginesThe APU can be shut down by activating the remote cut-off switch at the external services panel located on the Co-pilot side of the aircraft’s nose or by the emergency shutdown button ( see next slide)
16APU ContinuedThe APU Emergency Shutdown button (Shown left) is located in the Aft Equipment Bay below the battery.The APU is located above it in the upper left-hand corner.AFT Equipment Bay (Pilot Side Front)APUAPU Shutoff(Push)
17Just press the small red button on the bottom left corner. APU ContinuedThe external APU shutoff also has a location in one of the front right panels.Just press the small red button on the bottom left corner.
18Fire DetectionThe CRJ-200 has fire detection and extinguishing capabilities in the engine nacelles and the APU only.It has smoke detection in the cargo compartments and lavatories only.It also has fire and overheat detection in the jetpipes, engine pylons, and main landing gear bins.
19Fire SuppressionLavatory (Waste Basket Only)Fire extinguishing is available for the Engines (2 Bottles can be used for either or both) APU, cargo and lavatory (waste basket only).
20Flight Deck Emergency Equipment Located Behind the F.O.3 Life VestsEscape Rope (15’)Crash AxeHalon Fire ExtinguisherPBE Unit (Shown Right)3 Portable Oxygen masks
21Brakes and WheelsEquipped with multiple disc steel brakes (Outer and Inner) and Hydro Aire Mark III anti-skid units.Tires are filled with nitrogen gas at 300 PSI.Wheel fuse plugs can blow out after 3 minutes at 150°C.Landing gear may not lower at speeds in excess of 250 KIAS.Hydraulic System 2 will assist with extension during manual landing gear extension.
22Composition ofWheelsLike most of the aircraft, the brake and wheel assembly consist of metals. Mostly aluminum alloys and magnesium, which is a combustible metal.Take care to use the proper extinguishing agent on burning or hot brakes.
23Egress and Emergency Systems There is no peepholeon the cargo DoorLimit on the Door 1000 lbs, or 4 passengersEmergency Floor Lighting: Runs on 4 rechargeable batteries that last 15 minutes.
24The CRJ-100/200 Series DOES NOT feature Door Slides. Egress ContinuedThe CRJ-100/200 Series DOES NOT feature Door Slides.
25Door OperationTo open the L1 door for egress push in the outer handle trigger plate.The outer handle ejects from the door recess.The pressurization flap opens.Rotate the handle counterclockwise to the OPEN position.The door latch mechanism unlocks.The latch cams and latch pins disengage from the door frame fittings.The fwd and aft pull-in levers open the door to a near vertical position.The door descends in a gradual downward movement.The two folding handrails deploy.The support wheel extends and locks in place before reaching the ground.
26Doors ContinuedThe Galley side door (R1) has simple instructions labeled on the door itself.Just push the knob, turn the handle counterclockwise and pull.
27Doors ContinuedThe overwing exit doors can be found on either side of the aircraft.To open from the outside, push in the panel at the top of the door, grab the handle. Pull the top of the door and push the rest of the door inward to open it.
28Flight Data Recorder Cockpit Voice Recorder AFT Equipment Bay (Facing the Tail Cone)Flight Data Recorder Cockpit Voice RecorderRecords the most recent 25 hours of critical aircraft and flight parameter data.Monitors Pilot, Co-pilot, Mixed PA audio, the observer’s station, and ambient flight deck noise.PILOT SIDEToAPUandBattery
29ENGINE DANGER AREASMaintain a 25-foot radius from the front and sides of engines while they are running.Maintain a 500-foot distance to avoid jet blast .APU exhaust hazard extends 20-feet to the starboard side.
30ENGINE SHUTDOWN PROCEDURES (1) Locate on the center right and left of the cockpit glare shield.Find the buttons marked "LH EN G FIRE PUSH" and "RH ENG FIRE PUSH” to shut down the respective engine.(1)(2)(2)(2) Once pushed, locate the "BOTTLE 1-2 ARMED PUSH TO DSCH" to disperse haloninto the engine compartment.4. Each engine is equipped with two shots of halon. With one engine on fire, the oppositedischarge button will function following discharge from the first.