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Aircraft Introduction. PA46 Initial Training PA46 Aircraft General.

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Presentation on theme: "Aircraft Introduction. PA46 Initial Training PA46 Aircraft General."— Presentation transcript:

1 Aircraft Introduction

2 PA46 Initial Training

3 PA46 Aircraft General

4 PA46 Aircraft General Meridian – PA46-500TP High Performance PW PT6A-42A Turboprop 500 shp/continuous Complex Aircraft fowler flaps 4 blade constant speed prop retractable landing gear Pressurized cabin Service Ceiling – 30,000 feet Normal Cruise – 265 KTAS Fuel – JetA / 170 gal usable 5 to 6 place Normal category Single engine land Approved for Day/Night VFR Day/Night IFR Known Icing Conditions

5 PA46 Aircraft General Meridian – PA46-500TP Airframe Structure Low wing, semi- monocoque Low wing, semi- monocoque Primarily all metal structure Primarily all metal structure – Fiberglass & composite in specific areas Flush riveting & adhesive bonds Flush riveting & adhesive bonds – Reduce drag – Increase strength – Reduce corrosion exposure

6 PA46 Aircraft General Meridian – PA46-500TP Dimensions  Height – 11.3 ft/3.44m  Length – 29.6ft/9.02m  Wingspan – 43.0ft/13.11m  Dihedral – 4.5 degrees  Horizontal Stab – 17ft/5.18m  Wheel stance – 12.33ft/3.76m  Ground stance – 2.25ft/0.68m  Tail Clearance – 5.25ft/1.6m  Prop Diameter – 6.9ft/2.1m

7 PA46 Aircraft General Meridian – PA46-500TP Fuselage Fuselage – Nose & Aft sections unpressurized – Center Section – Pressurized Nose Section Nose Section – NLG assembly & Engine Compartment Aft Section Aft Section – Empennage – Equipment bay – ELT, VCCS

8 PA46 Aircraft General Meridian – PA46-500TP Forward Section Non-pressurized Engine compartment PT6A-42A Engine accessories Nose Landing Gear (NLG) Assembly

9 PA46 Aircraft General Meridian – PA46-500TP Cabin Section Cockpit or Flight Deck Main Cabin Door Over wing Emergency Exit Pilot Oxygen System Co-Pilot Oxygen Storage Cabinet Cabin Seating Passenger Oxygen Cabin Lighting Cabin Vents Cabin Communications Baggage Compartment Cabin Seats Pressure bulkheads Pilot/Co-Pilot Windscreens Crew Seats

10 PA46 Aircraft General Meridian – PA46-500TP Aft Section Non-Pressurized Empennage Assembly Vertical Stabilizer Rudder Assembly Horizontal Stabilizer Elevator Assembly Equipment Bay ELT

11 PA46 Aircraft General Meridian – PA46-500TP Aircraft General Max Gross Weight:5092 lbs Max Landing Wgt:4850 lbs Max Baggage Cap: 100 lbs Seating: 6 – Pilot/Co-pilot +4 Engine: Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6a-42A 500 SHP Compressor Turbine Speed (Ng) RPMs Propeller Speed (Np) 2000 RPMs Propeller – Constant Speed: Hartzell, E850B-3.5, 4 Blades Hartzell, E850B-3.5, 4 Blades Diameter Diameter 81.5 inches minimum 82.5 inches maximum Hydraulically actuated Hydraulically actuated Full feathering Full feathering Reversible type Reversible type Fuel: JET FUEL ONLY Capacity:1160 pounds (173 gals) Usable:1140 pounds (170 gals) Type: JETA or JETA-1 Anti-Icing Additive: conforming to MIL-I Oil Capacity: 3 gallons (12 quarts) Specs:See POH Sect 8.21 Cabin Information: Width:49.5 inches Height:47.0 inches Length:148 inches Entry Door: Width:24 inches Height:46 inches

12 PA46 Aircraft General Meridian – PA46-500TP The fuselage of the Meridian is an all metal, semi-monocoque structure with flush riveted skin for reduced drag and corrosion resistance. The Meridian fuselage has 3 major sections; the nose containing NLG assembly and engine compartment, the cabin section containing the flight deck, passenger and baggage areas and the aft section containing the empennage components and an equipment bay. The pilot’s windshield is made of glass and should be cleaned only with mild soap and with a bare hand. The (DOOR AJAR) annunciator is activated by upper and lower microswitches located in the door frame. The emergency exit is located on the right side of the fuselage behind the copilot.

13 Section Quiz-Aircraft General Aircraft General The fuselage of the Meridian is a A.Composite style fuselage with flush riveting B.Completely fiberglass constructed with metal control surfaces C.All metal, semi-monocoque structure with flush riveted skin D.Steel construction with fiberglass and aluminum surfaces 2.The pilot’s windshield is made of glass and should only be cleaned A.With any aerosol spray and soft cloth B.Never needs cleaning C.Any type cleaner is approved for use D.Only mild soap and with a bare hand 3.The (DOOR AJAR) annunciator is activated by A.The pilot B.Upper and lower microswitches located in the door frame C.Only a single micro switch D.Activates from a relay in the door handle 4.The emergency exit is located A.On the left side of the fuselage behind the pilot seat B.There is no emergency exit for the Meridian C.On the left rear fuselage D.On the right side of the fuselage behind the copilot

14 PA46 Aircraft Systems Meridian – PA46-500TP  Flight Controls Flight Controls Flight Controls Flight Controls  Landing Gear & Brakes Landing Gear Landing Gear Landing Gear  Power Plant & Fuel Systems Power Plant Power Plant Power Plant  Propeller Propeller Propeller  Electrical Electrical Electrical  Environmental, Pressurization & Oxygen Environmental Environmental  Instrumentation Avidyne Garmin Meggitt Avidyne Garmin Meggitt Avidyne Garmin Meggitt  Ice Protection Ice Protection Ice Protection Ice Protection

15 PA46 Performance  Take-off Performance  Climb Performance  Cruise Performance  Landing Performance

16 PA46 Limitations  Air Speeds  Air Speed Indicator Markings  Power Plant limitations  Propeller  Engine Instrument Markings  Fuel  Starter  Generator/Alternator/Electrical  Power Control  Chip Detection  Weight and Balance  Miscellaneous  Kinds of Operations

17 PA46 Normal Procedures  Preflight  Engine Start  Before Take-off  Take-off and Climb  Cruise  Descent  Terminal Area Approach  Approach to Land  After Landing, Arrival & Securing

18 PA46 Emergency Procedures  Power Plant Malfunctions & Failures  Propeller Malfunctions & Failures  Electrical System Malfunctions & Failures  Cabin Pressure Malfunctions & Failures  Avionics Malfunctions & Failures  Fuel System Malfunctions  Landing Gear Failures  Flight Control Failures  Anti-Ice System Failures  Vacuum System Failures

19 PA46 Weight & Balance  The Envelope and Limitations  Weight & Balance Calculation Procedures  Planning Tools Available  Performance Considerations  Loading Recommendations  Configuration Variations

20 PA46 Handling  General  Ground Handling  Hydraulic System Service  Fuel and Oil Requirements  Tire Inflation  Battery Service  Oxygen System Service  Pressurization System  Cleaning Interior, Exterior & Windows

21 PA46 Servicing & Maintenance  Inspection Periods  Preventive Maintenance  Brake Servicing  Propeller Servicing  Fuel System Servicing  Alterations  Landings Gear Service  Lubrication

22 PA46 Initial Training Wrap-up Final Exam Final Exam Personal Minimum Commitment Personal Minimum Commitment Follow-up Training Plan Follow-up Training Plan Training Evaluation & Feedback Training Evaluation & Feedback


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