2 Introduction Who is this instructor? Who are you? Experience Goals Fun What do you do for fun?Any past flying experience?What are your goals?
3 ObjectiveThe objective of this lesson is to familiarize you with the airplane’s components and systems. You will be able to understand how they function, including the aircraft’s engine and instruments.
4 Elements Airplane Components Airplane Engine and Propellers Ignition SystemFuel SystemFlight Instruments
6 FuselageAn aircraft’s main body structure which houses the flight crew, passengers, and cargo and to which the wings, tail and, in most single-engined airplanes, engines are attached.
7 WingsAn airfoil extending from the fuselage of an airplane, whose principal function is providing lift.
8 How do wings work? Bernoulli’s Principle! Wings have a curved upper surface (camber) that causes air to flow faster over the top than under the bottom of the wing. This causes a lower pressure on the upper part of the wing and higher pressure on the lower side of the wing.
9 Parts of a WingAilerons – the movable area of a wing that controls roll of an aircraft by working opposite one another.Controlled by yoke or stick.Flaps – a movable part of a wing set at the trailing edge and used to increase lift and/or drag by changing the camber of the wing.
10 EmpennageThe tail assembly of an aircraft, including the horizontal and vertical stabilizers, elevators, and rudder.
11 ElevatorMovable flap connected to the horizontal stabilizer. When moved upwards it pitches the nose up and tail down (climb) and when the elevator is moved downward it pitches the nose down and tail up (dive).Controlled by yoke or stick.
12 RudderMovable flap connected to the vertical stabilizer. Controls the yawing movement (left and right) of the aircraft.Controlled by rudder pedals.
13 Landing GearTricycle – has a nosewheel and normally rests with the tail in the air and nose on the ground.Conventional – also known as taildragger, it rests with the tail on the ground.
14 Brake SystemsMost training aircraft use hydraulically actuated, disc type brakes that are controlled independently.
16 Reciprocating Engines Carbureted - Mixes fuel with air and injects into cylinder. Chance of icing (20-70 degrees Fahrenheit).Fuel Injected – Injects fuel into cylinder directly. Small chance of icing.Oil SystemAir Cooled
17 Propellers Fixed Pitch – blade is at fixed angle. Constant Speed – blade changes through a governor to keep it rotating at a constant RPM. This optimizes the propeller for all parts of flight.
18 Ignition System Magnetos Dual-Systems Provide spark to spark plugs Self-SustainingDual-SystemsProvide reliability in case of a failureBetter performance from dual ignition
19 Fuel SystemMost training aircraft have gravity fed systems with an engine driven or electric pump for backup.Mixture controls amount of fuel going to the engine.Throttle controls engine powerProp control, controls prop RPM
20 Fuel Types Not part of the airplane but just as important! 80/87 - Red 100/130 - Green100 LL - BlueJet A – Clear to Straw Colored