Presentation on theme: "Review for Acad. Latin 1 FINAL, up to Ecce Romani Chapter 08 – 6/12/12"— Presentation transcript:
1 Review for Acad. Latin 1 FINAL, up to Ecce Romani Chapter 08 – 6/12/12
2 FORMAT : Mostly multiple choice and matching, with some short answer and short translation. You will have to write out the verb ending song. And you will have to put the noun endings in a chart.General FOCUS: Material/information in Ecce Romani up to ch. 08, as follows:Grammar up to ch. 08Vocabulary & Derivatives up to chapter 08 (see vocab. packet + cards)Culture up to Ch. 08 (see culture packet)
3 TIPS for studying Vocabulary: Review your vocabulary cards : make a pile of the words you don’t know, and work on that pile of unfamiliar words until they are learned.Fill out the Vocabulary Packet with the 3 columnsHave someone quiz you on meanings and have them ask you to give derivatives.Record them & play them back before you go to sleep.Recite them to a pet or stuffed animal: Do whatever it takes to learn the words thoroughly!
4 TIPS for studying Culture: Fill out the culture packet.Review class notes.Make cards of the different terms, important dates, godsand heroes, etc.Review Roman Numerals
5 TIPS for studying GRAMMAR: Fill out the rest of this packet.Review class notes and chapter worksheets.Know your subject and direct object endings for nouns & adjectivesRemember the verb ending song, sung to the tune of Frère Jacques
6 volō = ambulās = legit = amāmus = petitis = currunt = clāmāre = pete = Person and #Frère Jacques melody forLatin Verb endingsTranslate these examples…You mayhave to look some words up.1st Person Singular=volō =2nd Person Singularambulās =3rd Person Singularlegit =1st Person Pluralamāmus =2nd Person Pluralpetitis =3rd Person Pluralcurrunt =INFINITIVEclāmāre =Imperative Singularpete =Imperative Pluralcurrite =Negative Command S.nōlī petere =Negative Command Pl.nōlīte currere =
7 What is a verb? DEFINE and give 3 examples in Latin with translations:
8 Rule: Since adjectives describe nouns, they usually have the same endings as nouns in these 3 respects same gender (masculine/feminine), same number (singular or plural), and same use (subject, direct object, object of motion towards, etc).
9 to stay maneō I stay, I am staying manēre INFINITIVE 1st Person SingularmaneōI stay, I am staying2nd Person Singular3rd Person Singular1st Person Plural2nd Person Plural3rd Person PluralINFINITIVEmanēreto stayImperative SingularImperative PluralNegative Command S.Negative Command Pl.
10 to take care of curō I take care of curāre INFINITIVE 1st Person SingularcurōI take care of2nd Person Singular3rd Person Singular1st Person Plural2nd Person Plural3rd Person PluralINFINITIVEcurāreto take care ofImperative SingularImperative PluralNegative Command S.Negative Command Pl.
11 to fly volō I fly, am flying volāre INFINITIVE 1st Person Singular 2nd Person Singular3rd Person Singular1st Person Plural2nd Person Plural3rd Person PluralINFINITIVEvolāreto flyImperative SingularImperative PluralNegative Command S.Negative Command Pl.
12 to grow crescō I grow, I am growing cresci crescere cresc INFINITIVE 1st Person SingularcrescōI grow, I am growing2nd Person Singularcresci3rd Person Singular1st Person Plural2nd Person Plural3rd Person PluralINFINITIVEcrescereto growImperative SingularcrescImperative PluralNegative Command S.Negative Command Pl.
13 Irregular Verb Conjugation Practice #1: Now try giving all these Latin endings on an irregular verb & translating them…Take the verb sum, esse = to bePerson and #Latin forms sum, esse = to beEnglish translations of each form1st Person Singular2nd Person Singular3rd Person Singular1st Person Plural2nd Person Plural3rd Person PluralINFINITIVE
14 Irregular Verb Conjugation Practice #2: Now try giving all these Latin endings on an irregular verb & translating them…Take the verb possum, posse = to be ablePerson and #Latin forms possum, posse = to be ableEnglish translations of each form1st Person Singular2nd Person Singular3rd Person Singular1st Person Plural2nd Person Plural3rd Person PluralINFINITIVE
15 What is a complementary infinitive (see ch. 5)? Sextus bene cantāre nōn potest.Cornelia et Flavia in hortō dormīre nolunt.Magnum lupum Sextus petere timet.Marcus Davum piscinam purgāre iubet
16 Noun/Adjective Friendings What is a noun? Define:What is an adjective? Define:There are 3 genders in Latin…give the 2 we have seen:A noun will change its ending, depending on how it isin the sentence.5. Use #1: Subject. What is a subject?What case does the subject go into? Nominative Accusative Vocative“Use” #2: Complement. What is the complement?
17 Noun/Adjective Friendings 8. Circle the 6 nominative (subject or complement) endings:-a -am -um -us -ae -em -ī -er -ēs9. Use #3: Direct Object. What is a direct object?10. Circle the 3 Accusative endings:-a -am -um -us -ae -em -ī -er11. Use #4, which is the object of motion towards, has the same endings as the
18 10. Fill in the chart of Latin Noun/Adjective…use the endings’ bank. ↓ “Use” and Number1st Pattern(Feminine)2nd Pattern(Masculine)3rd Pattern(M & F)-ēs-umSubject Singular-varies-am-erDirect Obj./Obj. of M.T. Sing.-a-ōsSubject Plural-ī-emDirect Obj./Obj. of M.T. Plural-us-ās-ae
19 -em -ae -ī -ās -a -us -er varies 10. Fill in the chart of Latin Noun/Adjective…use the endings’ bank. ↓Case and Number1st Pattern(Feminine)2nd Pattern(Masculine)3rd Pattern(M & F)-ēs-umNominative Singular-a-us-ervaries-amAccusative Sing.-em-ōsNominative Plural-ae-īAccusative Plural-ās
20 cibus (M) = food “Use” and Number 1st Pattern noun: 11. Now let’s try attaching these Noun/Adj. endings to real Latin words!“Use” and Number1st Pattern noun:tunica (Fem) = tunic2nd Pattern noun:cibus (M) = food3rd Pattern noun:uxor (F) = wife(stem is uxor-)Subject SingularDirect Obj./Obj. of M.T. Sing.Subject PluralDirect Obj./Obj. of M.T. Plural
21 What is the difference between a transitive verb and an intransitive verb (see ch. 4)?
22 Direct Obj./Obj. of M.T. Sing. 12. Now let’s try more… Attach the Noun/Adj. endings to real Latin words!“Use” and Number1st Pattern noun:silva (F.) = forest2nd Pattern noun:ager (M) = field3rd Pattern noun:vox (F) = voiceStem is voc-Subject SingularvoxDirect Obj./Obj. of M.T. Sing.vocSubject PluralDirect Obj./Obj. of M.T. Plural
23 fenestrās bonās rīvōs bonōs pedēs “Use” and Number Subject Singular 13. Now let’s add an adjective to describe a noun. Match the adjective bonus/bona “good” with the following nouns. Please note that -us/-a adjectives like frigidus/frigida or magnus/magna, etc., cannot take 3rd pattern endings. Then, think of gender: if feminine put 1st pattern on the adjective; if masculine, put 2nd pattern endings on the adj.“Use” and Number1st Pattern noun:toga (F.) = toga2nd Pattern noun:rīvus (M) = stream3rd Pattern noun:pes/pedem (M) = footSubject SingularpesDirect Obj./Obj. of M.T. Sing.pedSubject PluralDirect Obj./Obj. of M.T. Pluralfenestrās bonāsrīvōsbonōspedēs
24 TRANSLATION FORMULAStep 1. Find the Subject…(if there isn’t a separate noun as subject, go to step 2 and translate verb ending)Step 2. Go to the verb and translate it. Pay attention to your friendings.Step 3. translate Direct Object (if verb is transitive)Step 4. translate everything else in the sentence: prepositional phrases, adverbs, etc.
25 Translate the following sentences, each with a complementary infinitive: a. Sextus in rīvum frīgidum cadere nōn vult.b. puerī ex arbore magnā descendere timent.c. Marcus ex hortō lupum molestum repellere potest.d. puellae in silvā errāre saepe volunt.
26 ab-(abs-) inter- ad- mis- ante- ob- con-(com-) per- contra- post- 15. Give the meanings or sense(s) of the following prefixes:ab-(abs-)inter-ad-mis-ante-ob-con-(com-)per-contra-post-
27 counter- pro- de- re- dis- sub- ex-(ē-) super- in- trans- 15. CONTINUED…Give the meanings or sense(s) of the following prefixes:counter-pro-de-re-dis-sub-ex-(ē-)super-in-trans-
28 ab-(abs-) away from: absent, abstract, abduct 15. Give the meanings or sense(s) of the following prefixes:ab-(abs-) away from: absent, abstract, abductinter- between/among: intercept, intervene, internetad- to/toward: adventure, advertize, attentionmis- wrong, hatred: mistake, misdee, misstep, misanthropeante- before: antebellum, antedate, anticipate, antiqueob- in the way/meet: obstacle, obstruct, obituary, occurcon-(com-) with, together: connect, companion, computeper- through; thoroughly: perforate, pervade, perceptioncontra- against: contradiction, contrast, contrarianpost- after: postpone, postpositive, postdate, postprandial
29 counter- opposite: counter-clockwise; counter-intuitive 15. CONTINUED…Give the meanings or sense(s) of the following prefixes:counter- opposite: counter-clockwise; counter-intuitivepro-for(ward), on behalf of: produce, propose, profess,de- down/negative: descend, depict, derelict, debasere-back, again: return, rejuvenate, revert, reduce, recycledis- apart/away/negative: disperse, dispense, disturbsub- under: submarine, subvert, subterranean ; sufficientex-(ē-) – out of; beyond: exit, extradite, excess, elatedsuper- above, beyond: superb, supraorbital, superintendentin- in, on; opposite: invite, invent; inept, insufficienttrans- across: transatlantic, transalpine, transit, transfer, transform
30 –vid-(-vis-): provide 16. What do the following roots mean? Think of English words that come from these roots (+ prefixes if possible). Example: -tract-: “drag, draw; consider.” Abstract, attract, contraction, detract, distraction, extract, protractor, retract, subtract, etc.–port-: import–vid-(-vis-): provide–act-(-ag-): agenda–scrib-(-script-): describe–voc-: vocation–spect-: respect–labor-: elaborate
31 –scend (-scens-): transcend 16. CONTINUED…What do the following roots mean? Think of English words that come from these roots (+ prefixes if possible). Example: -tract-: “drag, draw; consider.” Abstract, attract, contraction, detract, distraction, extract, protractor, retract, subtract, etc.–scend (-scens-): transcend–duc-: introduce–pel(l)-(-puls-): expulsion–vent-(-ven-): convene–aud-: audible–dorm-: dormant–vol-: volition–leg- (-lect-) : lecture
32 –port-: carry: portable, export, transport, report, import 16. What do the following roots mean? Think of English words that come from these roots (+ prefixes if possible). Example: -tract-: “drag, draw; consider.” Abstract, attract, contraction, detract, distraction, extract, protractor, retract, subtract, etc.–port-: carry: portable, export, transport, report, import–vid-(-vis-): see: visual, video, evidence, revise, visit, provide–act-(-ag-): do, make: agenda, actor, proactive, deactivate, inactive–scrib-(-script-): write: scribe, script, prescription, proscribe, describe–voc-: call: vocal, evoke, provocative, invoke, revoke, vocation–spect-: watch: spectacle, species, special, inspect, prospective, respect–labor-: work: laboratory, labor, laborious, belabor, collaborate, elaborate
33 –vent-(-vene-): come: convene, convention, invent, advent, intervene 16. CONTINUED…What do the following roots mean? Think of English words that come from these roots (+ prefixes if possible). Example: -tract-: “drag, draw; consider.” Abstract, attract, contraction, detract, distraction, extract, protractor, retract, subtract, etc.–scend (-scens-): climb: ascend, descent, ancestors, rescension, transcend–duc-: lead, guide: conductor, produce, duct, reduce, induce, introduce–pel(l)-(-puls-): push, drive: expulsion, impulse, repel, expel, expulsion–vent-(-vene-): come: convene, convention, invent, advent, intervene–aud-: hear: audience, audible, audit, audio, audition–dorm-: sleep: dormitory, dormant, dormancy, dormer–vol-: wish, want: volition, volunteer, voluntary, involutary, nolo contendere–leg- (-lect-) : read/choose: legible, illegible, lecture; elect, eligible
34 Multiple Choice. Put your response on the blanks provided 1. Hodie in agro laborās.A) you are working B) he is working C) they are working D) we are working2. Quid Marcus ad scholam portat? A) Where B) Who C) How many D) What3. Cur filius meus in horto est? A) are B) is C) was D) there is4. Discipulus stilum et ________ habet. A) tabula B) tabulam C) tabulae D) tabulis
35 5. In viā sunt _______ villae. A) magnas B) magna C) magnis D) magnae 6. The abbreviation etc. means A) for example B) and the rest C) that is D) note well7. The English word "canine" refers to a… A) sheep B) horse C) bird D) dog8. If you behave in a circumspect manner, you are…A) clever and tricky B) bold and brave C) watchful and careful D) fearless and firm9.Which of the following expressions refers to a letter?A) post scriptum B) post meridiem C) post mortem D) post bellum10. Who is the mythological ruler of the underworld?A) Pluto B) Neptune C) Jupiter D) Bacchus
36 11. The year 1995 in Roman numerals is: A) MCMXLV B) MMCV C) MCMXCV D) MDCCLV12. Venus was the goddess of …war and wisdom B) trade and commerce C) oceans and rivers D) love and beauty 13. Why would a Roman go to the Colosseum?A) to pray to the gods B) to buy food C) to take a bath D) to watch gladiatorial games 14. Magna animalia amāmus.A) You love B) They love C) She loves D) We love
37 15. Claudius et Iulius ex silvā ambulant. A) out of B) into C) around D) through16. Multae villae sunt pulchrae. A) to be B) are able C) are D) is17. The astronauts watched the moon. A) lunam B) luna C) lunis D) lunae18. Quem vides? A) How B) What C) Whom D) Where19. Non iam studēre volō. A) I study B) you studyC) we study D) to study
38 Explain the following terms in a complete sentence. Give examples also.a. transitive verbb. intransitive verbc. linking verbd.verb complement (w/ linking verb)e. subject
39 f. direct objectg. Object of Motion TowardsComplementary infinitivei. adjective/noun agreement