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Review for Acad. Latin 1 FINAL, up to Ecce Romani Chapter 08 – 6/12/12.

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Presentation on theme: "Review for Acad. Latin 1 FINAL, up to Ecce Romani Chapter 08 – 6/12/12."— Presentation transcript:

1 Review for Acad. Latin 1 FINAL, up to Ecce Romani Chapter 08 – 6/12/12

2 FORMAT : Mostly multiple choice and matching, with some short answer and short translation. You will have to write out the verb ending song. And you will have to put the noun endings in a chart. General FOCUS: Material/information in Ecce Romani up to ch. 08, as follows: 1) Grammar up to ch. 08 2) Vocabulary & Derivatives up to chapter 08 (see vocab. packet + cards) 3) Culture up to Ch. 08 (see culture packet)

3 TIPS for studying Vocabulary: 1.Review your vocabulary cards : make a pile of the words you don’t know, and work on that pile of unfamiliar words until they are learned. 2.Fill out the Vocabulary Packet with the 3 columns 3.Have someone quiz you on meanings and have them ask you to give derivatives. 4.Record them & play them back before you go to sleep. 5.Recite them to a pet or stuffed animal: Do whatever it takes to learn the words thoroughly!

4 TIPS for studying Culture: 1.Fill out the culture packet. 2.Review class notes. 3.Make cards of the different terms, important dates, gods and heroes, etc. 1.Review Roman Numerals

5 TIPS for studying GRAMMAR: 1.Fill out the rest of this packet. 2.Review class notes and chapter worksheets. 3.Know your subject and direct object endings for nouns & adjectives 4.Remember the verb ending song, sung to the tune of Frère Jacques

6 Person and # Frère Jacques melody for Latin Verb endings Translate these examples…You may have to look some words up. 1 st Person Singular = volō = 2 nd Person Singular = ambulās = 3 rd Person Singular = legit = 1 st Person Plural = amāmus = 2 nd Person Plural = petitis = 3 rd Person Plural = currunt = INFINITIVE = clāmāre = Imperative Singular = pete = Imperative Plural = currite = Negative Command S. = nōlī petere = Negative Command Pl. = nōlīte currere =

7 What is a verb? DEFINE and give 3 examples in Latin with translations:

8 Rule: Since adjectives describe nouns, they usually have the same endings as nouns in these 3 respects  same gender (masculine/feminine), same number (singular or plural), and same use (subject, direct object, object of motion towards, etc).

9 1 st Person Singular maneō I stay, I am staying 2 nd Person Singular 3 rd Person Singular 1 st Person Plural 2 nd Person Plural 3 rd Person Plural INFINITIVE manēre to stay Imperative Singular Imperative Plural Negative Command S. Negative Command Pl.

10 1 st Person Singular curō I take care of 2 nd Person Singular 3 rd Person Singular 1 st Person Plural 2 nd Person Plural 3 rd Person Plural INFINITIVE curāre to take care of Imperative Singular Imperative Plural Negative Command S. Negative Command Pl.

11 1 st Person Singular volō I fly, am flying 2 nd Person Singular 3 rd Person Singular 1 st Person Plural 2 nd Person Plural 3 rd Person Plural INFINITIVE volāre to fly Imperative Singular Imperative Plural Negative Command S. Negative Command Pl.

12 1 st Person Singular crescō I grow, I am growing 2 nd Person Singular cresci 3 rd Person Singular cresci 1 st Person Plural cresci 2 nd Person Plural cresci 3 rd Person Plural cresci INFINITIVE crescere to grow Imperative Singular cresc Imperative Plural cresci Negative Command S. Negative Command Pl.

13 Person and # Latin forms sum, esse = to be English translations of each form 1 st Person Singular 2 nd Person Singular 3 rd Person Singular 1 st Person Plural 2 nd Person Plural 3 rd Person Plural INFINITIVE Irregular Verb Conjugation Practice #1: Now try giving all these Latin endings on an irregular verb & translating them…Take the verb sum, esse = to be

14 Irregular Verb Conjugation Practice #2: Now try giving all these Latin endings on an irregular verb & translating them…Take the verb possum, posse = to be able Person and # Latin forms possum, posse = to be able English translations of each form 1 st Person Singular 2 nd Person Singular 3 rd Person Singular 1 st Person Plural 2 nd Person Plural 3 rd Person Plural INFINITIVE

15 What is a complementary infinitive (see ch. 5)? 1.Sextus bene cantāre nōn potest. 2.Cornelia et Flavia in hortō dormīre nolunt. 3.Magnum lupum Sextus petere timet. 4.Marcus Davum piscinam purgāre iubet

16 Noun/Adjective Friendings 1.What is a noun? Define: 2.What is an adjective? Define: 3.There are 3 genders in Latin…give the 2 we have seen: 4.A noun will change its ending, depending on how it is in the sentence. 5. Use #1: Subject. What is a subject? 6.What case does the subject go into? NominativeAccusative Vocative 7.“Use” #2: Complement. What is the complement?

17 Noun/Adjective Friendings 8. Circle the 6 nominative (subject or complement) endings: -a-am-um-us-ae-em-ī-er-ēs 9. Use #3: Direct Object. What is a direct object? 10. Circle the 3 Accusative endings: -a-am-um-us-ae-em-ī-er 11. Use #4, which is the object of motion towards, has the same endings as the

18 “Use” and Number 1 st Pattern (Feminine) 2 nd Pattern (Masculine) 3 rd Pattern (M & F) -ēs-um Subject Singular ---varies -am-er Direct Obj./Obj. of M.T. Sing a -ōs Subject Plural --- -ī-em Direct Obj./Obj. of M.T. Plural -us -ās -ae-ēs 10. Fill in the chart of Latin Noun/Adjective…use the endings’ bank. ↓

19 Case and Number 1 st Pattern (Feminine) 2 nd Pattern (Masculine) 3 rd Pattern (M & F) -ēs-um Nominative Singular -a-us-ervaries -am-er Accusative Sing. -am-um-em -a -ōs Nominative Plural -ae-ī -ēs -ī-em Accusative Plural -ās-ōs -ēs -us -ās -ae-ēs 10. Fill in the chart of Latin Noun/Adjective…use the endings’ bank. ↓

20 11. Now let’s try attaching these Noun/Adj. endings to real Latin words! “Use” and Number 1 st Pattern noun: tunica (Fem) = tunic 2 nd Pattern noun: cibus (M) = food 3 rd Pattern noun: uxor (F) = wife (stem is uxor-) Subject Singular Direct Obj./Obj. of M.T. Sing. Subject Plural Direct Obj./Obj. of M.T. Plural

21 What is the difference between a transitive verb and an intransitive verb (see ch. 4)?

22 12. Now let’s try more… Attach the Noun/Adj. endings to real Latin words! “Use” and Number 1 st Pattern noun: silva (F.) = forest 2 nd Pattern noun: ager (M) = field 3 rd Pattern noun: vox (F) = voice Stem is voc- Subject Singular vox Direct Obj./Obj. of M.T. Sing. voc Subject Plural voc Direct Obj./Obj. of M.T. Plural voc

23 “Use” and Number 1 st Pattern noun: toga (F.) = toga 2 nd Pattern noun: rīvus (M) = stream 3 rd Pattern noun: pes/pedem (M) = foot Subject Singular pes Direct Obj./Obj. of M.T. Sing. ped Subject Plural ped Direct Obj./Obj. of M.T. Plural fenestrās bonās rīvōs bonōs pedēs bonōs 13. Now let’s add an adjective to describe a noun. Match the adjective bonus/bona “good” with the following nouns. Please note that -us/-a adjectives like frigidus/frigida or magnus/magna, etc., cannot take 3 rd pattern endings. Then, think of gender: if feminine put 1 st pattern on the adjective; if masculine, put 2 nd pattern endings on the adj.

24 TRANSLATION FORMULA Step 1. Find the Subject…(if there isn’t a separate noun as subject, go to step 2 and translate verb ending) Step 2. Go to the verb and translate it. Pay attention to your friendings. Step 3. translate Direct Object (if verb is transitive) Step 4. translate everything else in the sentence: prepositional phrases, adverbs, etc.

25 Translate the following sentences, each with a complementary infinitive: a. Sextus in rīvum frīgidum cadere nōn vult. b. puerī ex arbore magnā descendere timent. c. Marcus ex hortō lupum molestum repellere potest. d. puellae in silvā errāre saepe volunt.

26 15. Give the meanings or sense(s) of the following prefixes: ab-(abs-) inter- ad- mis- ante- ob- con-(com-) per- contra- post-

27 15. CONTINUED…Give the meanings or sense(s) of the following prefixes: counter- pro- de- re- dis- sub- ex-(ē-) super- in- trans-

28 15. Give the meanings or sense(s) of the following prefixes: ab-(abs-)away from: absent, abstract, abduct inter-between/among: intercept, intervene, internet ad-to/toward: adventure, advertize, attention mis-wrong, hatred: mistake, misdee, misstep, misanthrope ante-before: antebellum, antedate, anticipate, antique ob-in the way/meet: obstacle, obstruct, obituary, occur con-(com-)with, together: connect, companion, compute per-through; thoroughly: perforate, pervade, perception contra- against:contradiction, contrast, contrarian post-after: postpone, postpositive, postdate, postprandial

29 15. CONTINUED…Give the meanings or sense(s) of the following prefixes: counter- opposite: counter-clockwise; counter-intuitive pro-for(ward), on behalf of: produce, propose, profess, de- down/negative:descend, depict, derelict, debase re-back, again: return, rejuvenate, revert, reduce, recycle dis- apart/away/negative: disperse, dispense, disturb sub- under: submarine, subvert, subterranean; sufficient ex-(ē-) – out of; beyond: exit, extradite, excess, elated super-above, beyond: superb, supraorbital, superintendent in- in, on; opposite: invite, invent; inept, insufficient trans- across: transatlantic, transalpine, transit, transfer, transform

30 16. What do the following roots mean? Think of English words that come from these roots (+ prefixes if possible). Example: -tract-: “drag, draw; consider.” Abstract, attract, contraction, detract, distraction, extract, protractor, retract, subtract, etc. –port-:import –vid-(-vis-):provide –act-(-ag-):agenda –scrib-(-script-):describe –voc-:vocation –spect-:respect –labor-:elaborate

31 16. CONTINUED… What do the following roots mean? Think of English words that come from these roots (+ prefixes if possible). Example: -tract-: “drag, draw; consider.” Abstract, attract, contraction, detract, distraction, extract, protractor, retract, subtract, etc. –scend (-scens-): transcend –duc-:introduce –pel(l)-(-puls-):expulsion –vent-(-ven-):convene –aud-:audible –dorm-:dormant –vol-:volition –leg- (-lect-) : lecture

32 16. What do the following roots mean? Think of English words that come from these roots (+ prefixes if possible). Example: -tract-: “drag, draw; consider.” Abstract, attract, contraction, detract, distraction, extract, protractor, retract, subtract, etc. –port-:carry: portable, export, transport, report, import –vid-(-vis-):see:visual, video, evidence, revise, visit, provide –act-(-ag-):do, make: agenda, actor, proactive, deactivate, inactive –scrib-(-script-): write: scribe, script, prescription, proscribe, describe –voc-:call: vocal, evoke, provocative, invoke, revoke, vocation –spect-: watch: spectacle, species, special, inspect, prospective, respect –labor-: work: laboratory, labor, laborious, belabor, collaborate, elaborate

33 16. CONTINUED… What do the following roots mean? Think of English words that come from these roots (+ prefixes if possible). Example: -tract-: “drag, draw; consider.” Abstract, attract, contraction, detract, distraction, extract, protractor, retract, subtract, etc. –scend (-scens-): climb: ascend, descent, ancestors, rescension, transcend –duc-: lead, guide: conductor, produce, duct, reduce, induce, introduce –pel(l)-(-puls-): push, drive: expulsion, impulse, repel, expel, expulsion –vent-(-vene-): come: convene, convention, invent, advent, intervene –aud-: hear: audience, audible, audit, audio, audition –dorm-: sleep: dormitory, dormant, dormancy, dormer –vol-: wish, want: volition, volunteer, voluntary, involutary, nolo contendere –leg- (-lect-) : read/choose: legible, illegible, lecture; elect, eligible

34 Multiple Choice. Put your response on the blanks provided 1. Hodie in agro laborās. A) you are working B) he is working C) they are working D) we are working 2. Quid Marcus ad scholam portat? A) Where B) Who C) How many D) What 3. Cur filius meus in horto est? A) are B) is C) was D) there is 4. Discipulus stilum et ________ habet. A) tabula B) tabulam C) tabulae D) tabulis

35 5. In viā sunt _______ villae. A) magnas B) magna C) magnis D) magnae 6. The abbreviation etc. means A) for example B) and the rest C) that is D) note well 7. The English word "canine" refers to a… A) sheep B) horse C) bird D) dog 8. If you behave in a circumspect manner, you are… A) clever and tricky B) bold and brave C) watchful and careful D) fearless and firm 9.Which of the following expressions refers to a letter? A) post scriptum B) post meridiem C) post mortem D) post bellum 10. Who is the mythological ruler of the underworld? A) Pluto B) Neptune C) Jupiter D) Bacchus

36 11. The year 1995 in Roman numerals is: A) MCMXLV B) MMCV C) MCMXCV D) MDCCLV 12. Venus was the goddess of … A)war and wisdom B) trade and commerce C) oceans and rivers D) love and beauty 13. Why would a Roman go to the Colosseum? A) to pray to the gods B) to buy food C) to take a bath D) to watch gladiatorial games 14. Magna animalia amāmus. A) You love B) They love C) She loves D) We love

37 15. Claudius et Iulius ex silvā ambulant. A) out of B) into C) around D) through 16. Multae villae sunt pulchrae. A) to be B) are able C) are D) is 17. The astronauts watched the moon. A) lunam B) luna C) lunis D) lunae 18. Quem vides? A) How B) What C) Whom D) Where 19. Non iam studēre volō. A) I study B) you study C) we study D) to study

38 Explain the following terms in a complete sentence. Give examples also. a. transitive verb b. intransitive verb c. linking verb d.verb complement (w/ linking verb) e. subject

39 f. direct object g. Object of Motion Towards h.Complementary infinitive i. adjective/noun agreement

40


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