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Review for Acad. Latin 2 FINAL, up to Ecce Romani Chapter 12 – 6/12/12.

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Presentation on theme: "Review for Acad. Latin 2 FINAL, up to Ecce Romani Chapter 12 – 6/12/12."— Presentation transcript:

1 Review for Acad. Latin 2 FINAL, up to Ecce Romani Chapter 12 – 6/12/12

2 FORMAT : Mostly multiple choice and matching, with some short answer and short translation. You will have to write out the verb ending song. And you will have to put the noun endings in a chart. General FOCUS: Material/information in Ecce Romani up to ch. 12, as follows: 1) Grammar up to ch. 12, especially ch. 04 to ch ) Vocabulary & Derivatives up to chapter 12 (see vocab. packet + cards) 3) Culture up to Ch. 12 (see culture packet)

3 TIPS for studying Vocabulary: 1.Review your vocabulary cards : make a pile of the words you don’t know, and work on that pile of unfamiliar words until they are learned. 2.Fill out the Vocabulary Packet with the 3 columns 3.Have someone quiz you on meanings and have them ask you to give derivatives. 4.Record them & play them back before you go to sleep. 5.Recite them to a pet or stuffed animal: Do whatever it takes to learn the words thoroughly!

4 TIPS for studying Culture: 1.Fill out the culture packet. 2.Review class notes. 3.Make cards of the different terms, important dates, gods and heroes, etc. 1.Review Roman Numerals

5 TIPS for studying GRAMMAR: 1.Fill out the rest of the study packet. 2.Review class notes and chapter worksheets. 3.Know your subject and direct object endings for nouns & adjectives + the uses of the ablative case 4.Remember the verb ending song, sung to the tune of Frère Jacques

6 Person and # Frère Jacques melody for Latin Verb endings Translate these examples…You may have to look some words up. 1 st Person Singular = volō = 2 nd Person Singular = ambulās = 3 rd Person Singular = legit = 1 st Person Plural = amāmus = 2 nd Person Plural = petitis = 3 rd Person Plural = currunt = INFINITIVE = clāmāre = Imperative Singular = pete = Imperative Plural = currite = Negative Command S. = nōlī petere = Negative Command Pl. = nōlīte currere =

7 What is a verb? DEFINE and give 3 examples in Latin with translations:

8 1 st Person Singular moneō I warn, I am warning 2 nd Person Singular 3 rd Person Singular 1 st Person Plural 2 nd Person Plural 3 rd Person Plural INFINITIVE monēre to warn Imperative Singular Imperative Plural Negative Command S. Negative Command Pl.

9 1 st Person Singular natō I swim, I am swimming 2 nd Person Singular 3 rd Person Singular 1 st Person Plural 2 nd Person Plural 3 rd Person Plural INFINITIVE natāre to swim Imperative Singular Imperative Plural Negative Command S. Negative Command Pl.

10 1 st Person Singular volō I fly, am flying 2 nd Person Singular 3 rd Person Singular 1 st Person Plural 2 nd Person Plural 3 rd Person Plural INFINITIVE volāre to fly Imperative Singular Imperative Plural Negative Command S. Negative Command Pl.

11 1 st Person Singular crescō I grow, I am growing 2 nd Person Singular cresci 3 rd Person Singular cresci 1 st Person Plural cresci 2 nd Person Plural cresci 3 rd Person Plural cresci INFINITIVE crescere to grow Imperative Singular cresc Imperative Plural cresci Negative Command S. Negative Command Pl.

12 Person and # Latin forms sum, esse = to be English translations of each form 1 st Person Singular 2 nd Person Singular 3 rd Person Singular 1 st Person Plural 2 nd Person Plural 3 rd Person Plural INFINITIVE Irregular Verb Conjugation Practice #1: Now try giving all these Latin endings on an irregular verb & translating them…Take the verb sum, esse = to be

13 Irregular Verb Conjugation Practice #2: Now try giving all these Latin endings on an irregular verb & translating them…Take the verb possum, posse = to be able Person and # Latin forms possum, posse = to be able English translations of each form 1 st Person Singular 2 nd Person Singular 3 rd Person Singular 1 st Person Plural 2 nd Person Plural 3 rd Person Plural INFINITIVE

14 What is a complementary infinitive (see ch. 5)? 1.Sextus bene cantāre nōn potest. 2.Cornelia et Flavia in hortō dormīre nolunt. 3.Magnum lupum Sextus petere timet. 4.Marcus Davum piscinam purgāre iubet

15 Noun/Adjective Friendings 1.What is a noun? Define: 2.What is an adjective? Define: 3.There are 3 genders in Latin…give the 2 we have seen: 4.A noun will change its ending, depending on how it is in the sentence. 5. Use #1: Subject. What is a subject & what case is it? 6. Circle the 6 subject endings (= nominative endings) : -a-am-um-us-ae-em-ī-er-ēs

16 Noun/Adjective Friendings 7. Use #2: Direct Object. What is a direct object & what case is it? 8. Circle the 6 accusative endings (direct object, and object of motion towards): -a-am-um-ās-ae-em-ī -ōs -ēs 9. Use #3, which is the object of motion towards, has the same endings as the

17 10. Use #4: For Location with in or sub (in, under) use the case. 11. Use #5: For Location with prope or ad (near, at) use the case. 12. Use #6: For Objects of Motion Away From take the case. 13.Circle the 6 Ablative case endings: -īs -a -ā -um -īs-ae-e-ibus -ō -ēs 14. A good way to remember the different ways to translate the ablative case is the abbreviation WFBI (radio station of the FBI?) which means:

18 Rule: Since adjectives describe nouns, they usually have the same endings as nouns in these 3 respects  same gender (masculine/feminine), same number (singular or plural), and same use (subject, direct object, object of motion towards, etc).

19 15. What case would the nouns (in bold) go into…Mark’s, the boys’, of the girls? 16. What case is used for time when, e.g. at night, at 5 o’clock, on Friday? 17. What case is used for ideas of possession (‘s, s’) or “of”? 18. What case is used for means, e.g. with a rock, with soap and water? 19. What case is used for manner, e.g. with joy, with enthusiasm, with great pride?

20 LATIN CASES  FUNCTION(S) / USES of the CASES Translations to be added NOMINATIVE GENITIVE DATIVE1. ACCUSATIVE ABLATIVE VOCATIVE1.

21 Case and Number 1 st Pattern (Feminine) 2 nd Pattern (Masculine) 3 rd Pattern (M & F) FriENDINGS’ BANK Nominative Singular --- -am-er -ibus Genitive Singular --- -e-ae -a Dative Singular --- -e-er -ibus Accusative Singular --- -ēs-ās -e Ablative Singular --- -a-ae -um Vocative Singular ---= Nom Sing. -ī -ae -is Nominative Plural --- -ī -em -ā Genitive Plural --- -īs - ārum Dative Plural --- -ēs-um - ōrum Accusative Plural --- -us-ōs -ēs Ablative Plural --- -ō-īs Vocative Plural --- -ō varies -ae

22 “Use” or Case and Number 1 st Pattern noun: toga (Fem) = toga 2 nd Pattern noun: servus (M) = slave 3 rd Pattern noun: arbor (F) = tree Nominative Singular Genitive Singular Dative Singular Accusative Singular Ablative Singular Vocative Singular

23 “Use” or Case and Number 1 st Pattern noun: toga (Fem) = toga 2 nd Pattern noun: servus (M) = slave 3 rd Pattern noun: arbor (F) = tree Nominative Plural Genitive Plural Dative Plural Accusative Plural Ablative Plural Vocative Plural

24 “Use” or Case and Number 1 st Pattern noun: silva (F.) = forest 2 nd Pattern noun: ager (M) = field 3 rd Pattern noun: vox (F) = voice Nominative Singular Genitive Singular Dative Singular Accusative Singular Ablative Singular Vocative Singular

25 “Use” or Case and Number 1 st Pattern noun: silva (F.) = forest 2 nd Pattern noun: ager (M) = field 3 rd Pattern noun: vox (F) = voice Nominative Plural Genitive Plural Dative Plural Accusative Plural Ablative Plural Vocative Plural

26 “Use” or Case and Number + fractus/a/um = “broken” 1 st Pattern noun: fenestra (F.) = window 2 nd Pattern noun: gladius (M) = sword 3 rd Pattern noun: pes/pedem (M) = foot Nominative Singular Genitive Singular Dative Singular Accusative Singular Ablative Singular Vocative Singular

27 “Use” or Case and Number + fractus/a/um = “broken” 1 st Pattern noun: fenestra (F.) = window 2 nd Pattern noun: gladius (M) = sword 3 rd Pattern noun: pes/pedem (M) = foot Nominative Plural Genitive Plural Dative Plural Accusative Plural Ablative Plural Vocative Plural

28 What is the difference between a transitive verb and an intransitive verb (see ch. 4)?

29 TRANSLATION FORMULA Step 1. Find the Subject…(if there isn’t a separate noun as subject, go to step 2 and translate verb ending) Step 2. Go to the verb and translate it. Pay attention to your friendings. Step 3. translate Direct Object (if verb is transitive) Step 4. translate everything else in the sentence: prepositional phrases, adverbs, etc.

30 Translate the following sentences, each with a complementary infinitive: a. Sextus in rīvum frīgidum cadere nōn vult. b. puerī ex arbore magnā descendere timent. c. Marcus ex hortō lupōs molestōs repellere potest. d. puellae in silvā et in agrīs errāre saepe volunt.

31 15. Give the meanings or sense(s) of the following prefixes: ab-(abs-) inter- ad- mis- ante- ob- con-(com-) per- contra- post-

32 15. CONTINUED…Give the meanings or sense(s) of the following prefixes: counter- pro- de- re- dis- sub- ex-(ē-) super- in- trans-

33 15. Give the meanings or sense(s) of the following prefixes: ab-(abs-)away from: absent, abstract, abduct inter-between/among: intercept, intervene, internet ad-to/toward: adventure, advertize, attention mis-wrong, hatred: mistake, misdee, misstep, misanthrope ante-before: antebellum, antedate, anticipate, antique ob-in the way/meet: obstacle, obstruct, obituary, occur con-(com-)with, together: connect, companion, compute per-through; thoroughly: perforate, pervade, perception contra- against:contradiction, contrast, contrarian post-after: postpone, postpositive, postdate, postprandial

34 15. CONTINUED…Give the meanings or sense(s) of the following prefixes: counter- opposite: counter-clockwise; counter-intuitive pro-for(ward), on behalf of: produce, propose, profess, de- down/negative:descend, depict, derelict, debase re-back, again: return, rejuvenate, revert, reduce, recycle dis- apart/away/negative: disperse, dispense, disturb sub- under: submarine, subvert, subterranean; sufficient ex-(ē-) – out of; beyond: exit, extradite, excess, elated super-above, beyond: superb, supraorbital, superintendent in- in, on; opposite: invite, invent; inept, insufficient trans- across: transatlantic, transalpine, transit, transfer, transform

35 16. What do the following roots mean? Think of English words that come from these roots (+ prefixes if possible). Example: -tract-: “drag, draw; consider.” Abstract, attract, contraction, detract, distraction, extract, protractor, retract, subtract, etc. –port-:import –vid-(-vis-):provide –act-(-ag-):agenda –scrib-(-script-):describe –voc-:vocation –spect-:respect –labor-:elaborate

36 16. CONTINUED… What do the following roots mean? Think of English words that come from these roots (+ prefixes if possible). Example: -tract-: “drag, draw; consider.” Abstract, attract, contraction, detract, distraction, extract, protractor, retract, subtract, etc. –scend (-scens-): transcend –duc-:introduce –pel(l)-(-puls-):expulsion –vent-(-ven-):convene –aud-:audible –dorm-:dormant –vol-:volition –leg- (-lect-) : lecture

37 16. What do the following roots mean? Think of English words that come from these roots (+ prefixes if possible). Example: -tract-: “drag, draw; consider.” Abstract, attract, contraction, detract, distraction, extract, protractor, retract, subtract, etc. –port-:carry: portable, export, transport, report, import –vid-(-vis-):see:visual, video, evidence, revise, visit, provide –act-(-ag-):do, make: agenda, actor, proactive, deactivate, inactive –scrib-(-script-): write: scribe, script, prescription, proscribe, describe –voc-:call: vocal, evoke, provocative, invoke, revoke, vocation –spect-: watch: spectacle, species, special, inspect, prospective, respect –labor-: work: laboratory, labor, laborious, belabor, collaborate, elaborate

38 16. CONTINUED… What do the following roots mean? Think of English words that come from these roots (+ prefixes if possible). Example: -tract-: “drag, draw; consider.” Abstract, attract, contraction, detract, distraction, extract, protractor, retract, subtract, etc. –scend (-scens-): climb: ascend, descent, ancestors, rescension, transcend –duc-: lead, guide: conductor, produce, duct, reduce, induce, introduce –pel(l)-(-puls-): push, drive: expulsion, impulse, repel, expel, expulsion –vent-(-vene-): come: convene, convention, invent, advent, intervene –aud-: hear: audience, audible, audit, audio, audition –dorm-: sleep: dormitory, dormant, dormancy, dormer –vol-: wish, want: volition, volunteer, voluntary, involutary, nolo contendere –leg- (-lect-) : read/choose: legible, illegible, lecture; elect, eligible

39 I.Select the correct word(s) from the brackets & Translate on a separate paper: 1.Iulius ad currit. [arbor, arborem, arbore] 2.Iulius sub sedet. [ramus, ramōs, ramīs] 3.Puellae ē ambulant. [silva, silvam, silvā] 4.Puellae ad ambulant. [villa, villam, villā] 5.Multī servī in laborant. [agrī, agrōs, agrīs]

40 6. Amicam Cornelia ē ducit. [villae, villam, villā] 7. Amicam Cornelia in ducit. [ager, agrōs, agrīs] 8. Servī sub dormiunt. [arborēs (nom), arborēs (acc), arboribus] 9. Puerī per currunt. [agrōs, agrīs, ager] 10. Cornelius ad redire vult. [urbe, urbem]

41 11. Servus ex celeriter exit. [hortus, hortum, hortō] 12.Flavia clamat, “Ubi, Cornelia?”[estis/es] 13.Cornelia ianitorem non. [excitāre, excitat, excitās] 14. Nōs omnes hodie Romam. [redīre, redīmus, redītis] 15. Cur patrem, Marce? [vexō, timēs, amātis]

42 16. Necesse est epistulās statim. [tradit, legere, legimus] 17.Princeps senatorēs. [consulere vult, consulere volunt] 18.Cur vōs omnes simul ? [discedere, discedimus, discedere paratis] 19. Amicam Cornelia in agrōs. [adveniunt, ducit, amat] 20. Cur per agrōs, puellae? [curritis, excitatis, curris]

43 21. Ianitor Corneliam non. [audiō, audiunt, audit] 22.Ego non quod Romam redire nōlō. [dormimus, surgere, surgo] 23.Cornelia in agrīs non conspicit. [Servōs, Servī, Servus] 24. Senatorēs Romanī omnēs in sunt. [urbe, urbem, urbēs] 25. Servī per festinant. [ager, agrōs, agrīs]

44 Multiple Choice. Put your response on the blanks provided 1. Hodie in agro laborās. A) you are working B) he is working C) they are working D) we are working 2. Quid Marcus ad scholam portat? A) Where B) Who C) How many D) What 3. Cur filius meus in horto est? A) are B) is C) was D) there is 4. Discipulus stilum et ________ habet. A) tabula B) tabulam C) tabulae D) tabulis

45 5. In viā sunt _______ villae. A) magnas B) magna C) magnis D) magnae 6. The abbreviation etc. means A) for example B) and the rest C) that is D) note well 7. The English word "canine" refers to a… A) sheep B) horse C) bird D) dog 8. If you behave in a circumspect manner, you are… A) clever and tricky B) bold and brave C) watchful and careful D) fearless and firm 9.Which of the following expressions refers to a letter? A) post scriptum B) post meridiem C) post mortem D) post bellum 10. Who is the mythological ruler of the underworld? A) Pluto B) Neptune C) Jupiter D) Bacchus

46 11. The year 1995 in Roman numerals is: A) MCMXLV B) MMCV C) MCMXCV D) MDCCLV 12. Venus was the goddess of … A)war and wisdom B) trade and commerce C) oceans and rivers D) love and beauty 13. Why would a Roman go to the Colosseum? A) to pray to the gods B) to buy food C) to take a bath D) to watch gladiatorial games 14. Magna animalia amāmus. A) You love B) They love C) She loves D) We love

47 15. Claudius et Iulius ex silvā ambulant. A) out of B) into C) around D) through 16. Multae villae sunt pulchrae. A) to be B) are able C) are D) is 17. The astronauts watched the moon. A) lunam B) luna C) lunis D) lunae 18. Quem vides? A) How B) What C) Whom D) Where 19. Non iam studēre volō. A) I study B) you study C) we study D) to study

48 Explain the following terms in a complete sentence. Give examples also. a. transitive verb b. intransitive verb c. linking verb d.verb complement (w/ linking verb) e. subject

49 f. direct object g. Object of Motion Towards h. Complementary infinitive i. impersonal verb j.adjective/noun agreement k.Object of Motion Away From l.Location in or under m.Location at or near

50 n. Time when o. Time within which p. Means / Instrument q. Manner r.ex (ē) s.ab (ā) t.Imperative u.Negative command


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