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The Texas Revolution  Do we have expectations of modern day immigrants?  What are those expectations?

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Presentation on theme: "The Texas Revolution  Do we have expectations of modern day immigrants?  What are those expectations?"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Texas Revolution  Do we have expectations of modern day immigrants?  What are those expectations?

2 Spanish Texas  The Spanish had been in the Americas since Columbus in 1492.  Spain owned a large part of North America, including Texas.

3 The Spanish Settle Texas The mission system  The Spanish attempted to settle Texas by building missions, small settlements designed to convert the Indians to Christianity.  The Spanish had effectively used the mission system in Mexico.  They built two dozen missions and presidios between the late 1600s and 1700s; they also built San Antonio and Nacogdoches.  Despite Spanish hopes, the missions failed and the towns never flourished. The mission system ends  Native Americans rejected mission life, where they were expected to give up their culture as well as their religion.  Some Indian groups viewed the Spanish as dangerous trespassers, attacking the missions and towns.  The system was built to convert the Indians and to thwart French claims. In 1762, France ceded to Spain much of its land claim in North America.  By 1800, Spain still claimed Texas, but had only three settlements in the region.

4 Tejanos  In 1821, only about 4,000 Tejanos lived in Texas.  Tejanos are people of Spanish heritage who consider Texas their home.  The Spanish government tried to attract Spanish setters to Texas, but very few came.

5 Moses Austin  An American, Moses Austin was given permission by the Spanish government to start a colony in Texas.  All the Americans had to do was follow Spanish laws.  Moses died in 1821, so his son Stephen tried to start the colony.

6 In 1821, Mexico won independence from Spain

7 Mexican Independence Changes Texas  The Mexican government told Stephen Austin his settlers would have to become Mexican citizens and members of the Roman Catholic Church, and learn Spanish.  Between 1821 and 1827, Austin attracted 297 families to his new settlement.

8  The success of Austin’s colony attracted more land speculators and settlers to Texas from the United States. Some were looking for a new life, some were escaping from the law, and others were looking for a chance to grow rich. By 1830, the population had swelled to about 30,000,with Americans outnumbering the Tejanos six to one.

9 Rising Tensions in Texas  In 1829, the Mexican government outlawed slavery.  The settlers wanted to keep their slaves so they could grow cotton.  The Americans also didn’t want to learn Spanish or follow Mexican laws.  Very few settlers had converted to Catholicism.

10  In 1829, the Mexican government closed the state to further American immigration.  Texans had to start paying taxes for the first time.  Mexican president, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna sent more Mexican troops to Texas.  Texans began talk of breaking away from Mexico.  When Stephen Austin was jailed, the Texans did revolt.  Santa Anna led 6,000 troops to Texas to put down the revolt.

11 The Alamo  The first battle between the Texans and Mexicans took place at on old mission that was used as a fort.  It was called the Alamo.

12 The Fight for the Alamo  There were only 183 Texans guarding the Alamo.  The Mexican army had 1,800 men.  The Texans held the Alamo for twelve days.  On the thirteenth day, Santa Anna ordered his men to storm the fortress.  When it was over, all but five Texans were dead. The men not killed in the battle were executed by Santa Anna.  Texans were shocked by the slaughter at the Alamo and vowed to fight for their freedom.



15 Fighting for Independence The Runaway Scrape  Santa Anna’s army continued to defeat the Texan rebels. Prisoners were held in the presidio at Goliad.  After Mexican soldiers executed 340 prisoners at Goliad, Houston retreated to the east with his poorly trained army.  Word of Houston’s retreat and the news of the Goliad Massacre started a panic.  In what would be called the Runaway Scrape, thousands of Texans, including many Tejanos, fled Santa Anna’s advancing army. Texans victorious  Santa Anna’s army followed Houston’s forces to San Jacinto, where Houston managed to take the Mexican army by surprise. Texans shouted, “Remember the Alamo!” and “Remember Goliad!” as they won a quick victory.  The captured Santa Anna was forced to sign the Treaties of Velasco, ending the war. Mexico had to withdraw its troops and recognize Texas independence.  Problems with Mexico continued for the Republic of Texas.

16 General Santa Anna surrenders to General Houston

17 Lone Star Republic  In 1836, Texas declared itself The Lone Star Republic.  Sam Houston was elected president.  Some Americans wanted Texas to be part of the U.S.  Some people were afraid of Texas becoming a slave state, others of war with Mexico.  Both would eventually happen.

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