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AMERICAN HISTORY.  Original inhabitants were Native Americans  First Europeans to visit Texas were Spanish in 1500s  Spanish claimed the land but made.

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Presentation on theme: "AMERICAN HISTORY.  Original inhabitants were Native Americans  First Europeans to visit Texas were Spanish in 1500s  Spanish claimed the land but made."— Presentation transcript:

1 AMERICAN HISTORY

2  Original inhabitants were Native Americans  First Europeans to visit Texas were Spanish in 1500s  Spanish claimed the land but made little attempt to settle because the land had little wealth  Spanish found destroyed French fort and worried about the French taking over so they came up with a plan to settle Texas

3  THE MISSION SYSTEM  The Spanish attempted to settle Texas by building missions  MISSIONS—small settlements designed to convert Native Americans to Catholicism  Missions were accompanied by PRESIDIOS (forts) for protection  Late 1600s-Late 1700s—Spanish built about 2 dozen missions and presidios  They also built cities—San Antonio & Nacogdoches  Missions failed and the towns never flourished

4  THE MISSION SYSTEM ENDS  1762—Spain no longer faced a threat from France  Spanish failed to convert many Native Americans to Christianity  By 1800 Spain still claimed Texas but had only 3 settlements in the entire region

5  1820—Moses Austin, former banker from Missouri, approached Spanish officials with plan called THE TEXAS VENTURE  If Spain would give Austin land, he would build a colony in Texas  Spanish agreed  Moses Austin died before the colony could be built but his last wishes were that his son, Stephan F. Austin, would carry out the plan

6  AUSTIN’S COLONY  1823—Austin’s colony officially established  1824—about 300 families lived on farms and ranches throughout the colony  The population was 1,800 including 400 enslaved African-Americans  MEXICAN INDEPENDENCE  Mexico used to be part of New Spain  Mexico becomes independent in 1821

7  THE EMPRESARIOS  New Mexican government wanted Texas settled  Mexico offered land to people in exchange for becoming loyal Mexican citizens  EMPRESARIOS—contractors who recruited settlers and established colonies  1830s—more than a dozen colonies in Texas (about 30,000 settlers)  Includes several thousand slaves and 4,000 TEJANOS (Texans of Mexican heritage)

8  American settlers had to agree to certain Mexican conditions to get land in Texas:  1) surrender American citizenship  2) swear allegiance to Mexico  3) adopt the Roman Catholic religion  4) hold the land for 7 years  In reality most settlers didn’t follow the conditions  They brought in large numbers of slaves after Mexico outlawed slavery

9  TENSIONS IN TEXAS  1827-Mexico sent a fact-finding mission to Texas to assess situation  Report indicated that more authority was needed  Mexico passed a law that canceled most empresario contracts and discouraged trade  Mexican government sent troops to enforce the ban on emigration and collect taxes  These actions placed emphasis on the fact that settlers needed to obey Mexican law

10  INTERNATIONAL TENSION  Mexican officials suspected that the USA wanted to grow more by acquiring Texas  USA offered to buy a large part of Texas for $1 million but Mexico refused  THE TEXAS REVOLUTION BEGINS  1832—Texas confront Mexican official because they said 2 people were wrongly imprisoned  1832 & 1833—Texans hold conventions to discuss best course of action

11  Mexico elects new President—Antonia Lopez de Santa Ana  He was initially for Mexican states rights but switched to strong central government after election  The Battle of Gonzales—October 2, 1835— The first battle of the Texas Revolution  Texans met to set up a government  Sam Houston was given the task of raising an army

12  FROM THE ALAMO TO INDEPENDENCE  December 1835—rebel Texas forces capture San Antonio which was home to the Alamo  Santa Ana sends a force of 6,000 to punish the rebels on February 23, 1836  Texans under William Travis refuse to surrender  For 12 days the Mexicans fire cannons at the Alamo  March 6, 1836—1,800 Mexicans storm the fort  Within 4 hours nearly all of the fort’s 200 defenders had been killed  “Remember the Alamo”

13  Texas Declaration of Independence—March 2, 1836—A Constitution followed  GOLIAD AND THE RUNAWAY SCRAPE  March 26—more than 340 prisoners of war executed by Santa Anna’s men.  TEXANS VICTORIOUS  Texas becomes separate nation “Republic of Texas”  Texas revolution was over but not the fighting over Texas  The End


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