3Notes Take notes in your own words You will need this information to create the process ( foldable)
4Spanish TexasThe Spanish had been in the Americas since Columbus in 1492.Spain owned a large part of North America, including Mexico & Texas.
5Spanish Texas Texas had few settlers – up North The Spanish government tried to attract settlers to Texas as a protection against Native Americans and illegals.Spanish government offered land in exchange of settlement in under populated areas.Spanish government offered…Settlers offered or promised…Free landFollow Spanish lawsBecome Catholic ( official religion)Learn Spanish ( official language)
6Mexican Independence Changes Texas 1821- Mexico gained independence from SpainReview:Mexico like other Latin American countries - independenceWhat was US position to the revolutions in Latin America?Monroe Doctrine- warning to European nations / no more European colonies in AmericaTexas become part of MexicoStephen Austin ( American empresario) got a permission to bring American settlersConditions for settlementBecome Mexican citizen – follow lawsBecome Catholic ( official religion)Learn Spanish ( official language)
7Americans in TexasStephen Austin & the “ Old 300” ( first American settlers)- successful More American settlers continue to move to TexasAmericans settlers mostly from the Southern USAcame for landbrought slaves to work the land
8Problems: Texans VS Mexico Changes in Mexican laws ( outlawed slavery)Americans (Southerners) in Texas not following the Mexican laws – slaveryAmerican settlers were upset with new lawsAmerican settlers wanted more controlMexico banned further U.S. settlement in Texas after ( NO More Americans!)
9Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna Dictator who took control of Mexico (1830)Suspended Mexican ConstitutionSettlers declared Texas Independence from Mexico (1836)They will have to fight for it!
10Battles – Texas Revolution El AlamoWhere? El Alamo- abandoned mission used as a military fort near San Antonio, TexasWho? 200 Texans VS 6000 Mexican Troops lead by Santa AnnaWhen? 1835What? Santa Anna attacks Texans – they hold in EL Alamo for 12 days waiting for supportWinner? Santa Anna & Mexican troopsOutcome? All Texans inside El Alamo died ( except some women & children)
12Battles – Texas Revolution Goliad ( Massacre)Santa Anna attack Texans soldiersThey surrender, but were executed anyways ( about 300)Remember El Alamo! Remember Goliad! – becomes the cry of war … give the Texans a real reason to fight for independence
13Victory at San Jacinto San Jacinto Santa Anna Surrenders to General HoustonTexan general, Sam Houston gathered more troops, 800 in all.Texans surprised & attacked Lopez de Santa AnnaLopez de Santa Anna is captured & forced to sign a treaty to give Texas its independence (1836)Texas gained independence from Mexico
14Lone Star Republic1836 – Republic of Texas: Texas become its own country“Lone Star Republic” ( see the flag/ how many stars)Sam Houston elected presidentSome Americans wanted Texas to be part of the U.S.( Annex)Some people were afraid of Texas becoming a slave state, others of war with Mexico.Both would eventually happen.
15Texas Annexation To annex= to adjoin or to add Americans in Texas & Southerner states hope to annex Texas to the USANortherner states opposed annexation, because of Texas pro-slavery views ( needed to keep the balance between free v slave)Annexation denied!
16Texas Annexation Reasons to deny annexation (1836) SlaveryFear of war with MexicoFinally in 1845 , Texas will be annex & join the union
17Review – Guided Reading 10 minutesReview information read on pages & in your notesAnswer the questions to complete the sequencing of events
18Process: Texas Foldable Fold papers1 fold –include pictures & information summarizing Texas before & during Mexican government2nd fold- include pictures & information summarizing Battle of El Alamo3rd fold- include pictures & information summarizing Battle of San Jacinto ( Peace Treaty & Texas Independence)4th fold- include pictures & information summarizing Texas independence & annexation to USA