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What is a grain? The edible seeds of certain grasses.

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Presentation on theme: "What is a grain? The edible seeds of certain grasses."— Presentation transcript:

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3 What is a grain?

4 The edible seeds of certain grasses.

5 Why are grains a staple food? They are inexpensive They have a high energy value They have good keeping quality

6 Name 3 types of grain?

7 Some types of grains are? Barley Buckwheat Corn Rice Oats Rye Wheat

8 What are the three parts of the grain?

9 What are the three parts of a grain? The bran The Endosperm The Germ

10 Which part of the grain does this describe? It is rich in fiber. It is considered a natural laxative.

11 The part of the grain that is rich in fiber and considered a natural laxative is... The Bran

12 What is the big center of the grain that is high in complex carbohydrates and protein?

13 The big center of the grain that is high in complex carbohydrates and protein is... The Endosperm

14 What is the sprouting part of a grain from which a new plant can grow?

15 The sprouting part of a grain from which a new plant can grow is... The Germ

16 What are the names of the three B Vitamins?

17 Thiamin Riboflavin Niacin

18 What two other nutrients do we find in grains?

19 Hint - one helps build strong bones and the other one helps red blood cells.

20 What two other nutrients do we find in grains? Phosphorous Iron

21 How many servings from the grains group do we need a day?

22 6-11 servings

23 Two slices of bread are considered one serving? True or False

24 Two slices of bread are considered one serving? False - One slice of bread is considered one serving.

25 Define Enrichment.

26 Enrichment is- When they put back into a product the nutrients that were lost during processing. Especially the B vitamins and iron when it comes to grains.

27 Define fortified.

28 Fortified is- When they add 10% or more of the daily value for a specific nutrient to a product.

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30 What is the difference between short grain and long grain rice?

31 The difference between short grain and long grain rice is... Short grain rice is almost round and it is plump and sticky. Long grain rice is long and narrow and it is fluffy and stays separated.

32 One cup of uncooked rice will yeild how much cooked rice?

33 3 cups Because rice triples in volume when cooked.

34 What type of rice is parboiled briefly before the hull is removed to save nutrients?

35 Converted Rice

36 What type of rice has all three parts of the grain because only the hull has been removed?

37 Brown Rice

38 What type of rice has been precooked and dehydrated?

39 Instant Rice

40 What type of rice is made up of the endosperm and germ, the bran has been removed?

41 White Rice

42 Brown rice has a nut like flavor. True or False

43 Brown rice has a nut like flavor. True

44 B Vitamins are water soluable. True or False

45 B Vitamins are water soluable. True

46 Do you rinse rice after cooking?

47 No

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49 What type of wheat is used to make pasta?

50 Durum Wheat

51 Durum wheat is used to make pasta because of its high gluten content. True or False

52 Durum wheat is used to make pasta because of its high gluten content. False It is used because it has little or no gluten.

53 When pasta is cooked the starch swells as it absorbs water and becomes soft and starchy. This process is called what?

54 Gelatinization

55 One serving of pasta is ____cup of cooked pasta.

56 One serving of pasta is __1/2__cup of cooked pasta.

57 Why is it important to read the box when cooking pasta? What part of the directions may be different?

58 It is important to read the box when cooking pasta because the time you need to boil the pasta may vary depending on the type.

59 How can you prevent pasta from sticking together after cooking, without washing away important nutrients?

60 Add oil to the boiling water.

61 Noodles are a type of macaroni that has ____ added to it for color and richness.

62 Noodles are a type of macaroni that has _egg_ added to it for color and richness.

63 Good Luck on Your Quiz!

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66 grain recipes on line

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