Presentation on theme: "CARBOHYDRATES. CARBOHYDRATES The main function of carbohydrates is to provide energy. Carbohydrates provide 4 calories per gram."— Presentation transcript:
CARBOHYDRATES The main function of carbohydrates is to provide energy. Carbohydrates provide 4 calories per gram
CARBOHYDRATES 45-65% of our food should come from carbohydrates.
CARBOHYDRATES If we eat more carbohydrates than are needed for energy, the extra is stored in the liver or in the tissues as fat.
Two Types of Carbohydrates SIMPLE COMPLEX
Simple Carbohydrates Simple carbohydrates are quick energy sources. They come from sugar. They do not usually supply any other nutrients or fiber.
Examples of Simple Carbohydrates 1. Soft Drinks 2. Cookies 3. Jam 4. Honey 5. Syrup 6. Sugar Candy
Complex Carbohydrates Complex carbohydrates break down into simple sugars in the digestion process. This process is what gives us longer lasting energy
Complex Carbohydrates Complex Carbohydrates Complex carbohydrates come from starchy foods such as whole grains, flour, seeds, nuts, vegetables and fruits.
Examples of Complex Carbohyrates 1. Rice 2. Pasta 3. Oatmeal 4. Breads 5. Potatoes and Corn 6. Some Cereals
Some carbohydrates come from fruits and vegetables It is recommended that you make half your plate fruits and vegetables
Most carbohydrates fall under the grain group It is recommended that you make half your grains whole grains
Grain Facts A. The edible seeds of certain grasses are called GRAINS. B. Grains are a STAPLE FOOD because of their good keeping quality, high energy, and low cost. C. When grains are milled the many of the nutrients are lost. D. Enriched grain products have had the vitamins and minerals replaced. (Thiamin,, Niacin, Riboflavin and Iron)
Grains Types of grainsFoods made of grains Wheat Oats Rice Corn Barley Rye Bread Cereal Rice Pasta Whole Grains
1 serving =1 oz. 6 oz. daily is recommended 1 slice of bread 1 cup of cereal ½ cup of cooked cereal, rice, or pasta ½ a Bagel Examples of 1 oz. servings
Nutrients Found in the Grain Group Fat Complex Carbohydrates B vitamins (Riboflavin, Niacin, Thiamin) Incomplete Protein
3 parts of a wheat kernel Endosperm: starch, protein Germ: Unsaturated fatty acis, B vitamins, Vitamin E, Iron, Zinc Bran: Fiber, vitamins, minerals
Carbohydrates Include Glucose or blood sugar is the basic source of energy for all living things. Sucrose or table sugar is made from sugar beets or sugar cane. Fructose is sugar found in fruit, honey and vegetables. Maltose is grain starch broken down into sugar. Lactose is milk sugar.
How do you know if a food has added sugar? Check out the Food Label: Check out the Food Label: Total Carbohydrate (g): Dietary Fiber, Sugars, Other Carbohydrates (Complex) Sugars, Other Carbohydrates (Complex) List of ingredients: sugar, juice, molasses, honey, maple syrup, corn syrup, malted corn sweetener, maltose, fructose, lactose, glucose, dextrose, etc.