8Complex Carbohydrates Complex carbohydrates break down into simple sugars in the digestion process. This process is what gives us longer lasting energy
9Complex Carbohydrates Complex carbohydrates come from starchy foods such as whole grains, flour, seeds, nuts, vegetables and fruits.
10Examples of Complex Carbohyrates 1. Rice2. Pasta3. Oatmeal4. Breads5. Potatoes and Corn6. Some Cereals
11Some carbohydrates come from fruits and vegetables It is recommended that you make half your plate fruits and vegetables
12Most carbohydrates fall under the grain group It is recommended that you make half your grains whole grains
13Grain Facts A. The edible seeds of certain grasses are called GRAINS. B. Grains are a STAPLE FOOD because of their good keeping quality, high energy, and low cost.C. When grains are milled the many of the nutrients are lost.D. Enriched grain products have had the vitamins and minerals replaced. (Thiamin,, Niacin, Riboflavin and Iron)
14Grains Wheat Oats Rice Corn Barley Rye Bread Cereal Rice Pasta Types of grainsFoods made of grainsWheatOatsRiceCornBarleyRyeBreadCerealRicePastaWhole Grains
151 serving =1 oz. 6 oz. daily is recommended Examples of 1 oz. servings1 slice of bread1 cup of cereal½ cup of cooked cereal, rice, or pasta½ a Bagel
16Nutrients Found in the Grain Group FatComplex CarbohydratesB vitamins(Riboflavin, Niacin, Thiamin)Incomplete Protein
173 parts of a wheat kernel Endosperm: starch, protein Germ: Unsaturated fatty acis, B vitamins, Vitamin E, Iron, ZincBran: Fiber, vitamins, minerals
19Carbohydrates Include Glucose or blood sugar is the basic source of energy for all living things. Sucrose or table sugar is made from sugar beets or sugar cane. Fructose is sugar found in fruit, honey and vegetables. Maltose is grain starch broken down into sugar. Lactose is milk sugar.
20How do you know if a food has added sugar? Check out the Food Label:Total Carbohydrate (g): Dietary Fiber,Sugars, Other Carbohydrates (Complex)List of ingredients: sugar, juice, molasses, honey, maple syrup, corn syrup, malted corn sweetener, maltose, fructose, lactose, glucose, dextrose, etc.