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HZS ISPS 2006-2007 ISPS 1. Introduction. HZS ISPS 2006-2007 1.2 ISPS - Introduction I.Purpose and evaluation II.Course Overview III.Competencies to be.

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Presentation on theme: "HZS ISPS 2006-2007 ISPS 1. Introduction. HZS ISPS 2006-2007 1.2 ISPS - Introduction I.Purpose and evaluation II.Course Overview III.Competencies to be."— Presentation transcript:

1 HZS ISPS ISPS 1. Introduction

2 HZS ISPS ISPS - Introduction I.Purpose and evaluation II.Course Overview III.Competencies to be achieved IV.History V.Current security threats and patterns VI.Ship and port operations and conditions

3 HZS ISPS I. Introduction – Purpose & Evaluation International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code SOLAS (adopted 12/Dec./2002) Part A – Part B Purpose of ISPS-Code?

4 HZS ISPS I. Introduction – Purpose & Evaluation 1.Build International Framework (Governments – Shipping & Port Industries) detect security threats preventive measures Security incidents

5 HZS ISPS I. Introduction – Purpose & Evaluation 2.Establish roles & responsibilities Governments Ship & port Industries –National & international lvl Ensure maritime security

6 HZS ISPS I. Introduction – Purpose & Evaluation 3.Early & efficient Collection Exchange Security related information

7 HZS ISPS I. Introduction – Purpose & Evaluation 4.Provide methodology for security assessments Plans Procedures React to changing security lvls

8 HZS ISPS I. Introduction – Purpose & Evaluation 5.Ensure confidence Adequate Proportionate Security measures in place

9 HZS ISPS I. Introduction – Purpose & Evaluation Training objectives: 1.To enable trainees to undertake the role and duties of SSO 2.To prepare trainees to understand Security and Risk Assessment 3.To prepare trainees to understand the threat to the industry

10 HZS ISPS I. Introduction – Purpose & Evaluation Training objectives: 4.To prepare trainees to understand the ship security plan and conduct a SSA 5.To acquaint trainees with port security measures 6.To outline to trainees relevant legislations

11 HZS ISPS ISPS - Introduction I.Purpose and evaluation II.Course Overview III.Competencies to be achieved IV.History V.Current security threats and patterns VI.Ship and port operations and conditions

12 HZS ISPS II. Course Overview 1.Introduction Competencies to be achieved History Current security threads and patterns Ship and port operations and conditions 2.Maritime security policy International conventions, codes and recommendations Relevant government legislation and regulations Definitions Legal implications of action or non-action by SSO Handling sensitive security-related information and communications

13 HZS ISPS II. Course Overview 3.Security Responsibilities Contracting governments Recognised Security Organisations The Company The Ship The port facility SSO CSO PFSO Vessel personnel with specific security duties Facility personnel with specific security duties

14 HZS ISPS II. Course Overview 4.Ship Security Assessment Risk assessment methodology Assessment tools On-scene security surveys Security assessment documentation 5.Security Equipment Security equipment and systems Operational limitations of security equipment and systems Testing, calibrating and maintenance of security equipment and systems

15 HZS ISPS II. Course Overview 6.Ship Security Plan Purpose of SSP Contents of SSP Confidentiality issues Implementation of SSP Maintenance and modification of SSP 7.Threat identification, recognition and response Recognition and detection of weapons, dangerous substances and devices Methods of physical searches and non-intrusive inspections Implementing and coordinating searches Recognition, on a non-discriminatory basis, of persons posing potential security risks Techniques used to circumvent security measures Crowd management and control techniques

16 HZS ISPS II. Course Overview 8.Ship security actions Actions required by different security levels Maintaining security of ship/port interface Usage of Declaration of Security Implementation of security procedures 9.Emergency preparedness, Drills and exercises Contingency planning Security drills and exercises Assessment of security drills and exercises

17 HZS ISPS II. Course Overview 10.Security administration Documentation and records Reporting security breaches Monitoring and control Security audits and inspections Reporting nonconformities 11.Security training Security requirements

18 HZS ISPS ISPS - Introduction I.Purpose and evaluation II.Course Overview III.Competencies to be achieved IV.History V.Current security threats and patterns VI.Ship and port operations and conditions

19 HZS ISPS III. Competencies to be achieved No Fighting! –Identify –Deter –Mitigate (verlichten – atténuer) Planning Preparation coordination

20 HZS ISPS III. Competencies to be achieved 1.security administration; 2.relevant international conventions, codes and recommendations; 3.relevant Government legislation and regulations; 4.responsibilities and functions of other security organizations; 5.methodology of ship security assessment; 6.methods of ship security surveys and inspections; 7.ship and port operations and conditions; 8.ship and port facility security measures; 9.emergency preparedness and response and contingency planning; 10.instruction techniques for security training and education, including security measures and procedures; 11.handling sensitive security related information and security related communications; 12.knowledge of current security threats and patterns;

21 HZS ISPS III. Competencies to be achieved 13.recognition and detection of weapons, dangerous substances and devices; 14.recognition, on a non discriminatory basis, of characteristics and behavioural patterns of persons who are likely to threaten security; 15.techniques used to circumvent security measures; 16.security equipment and systems and their operational limitations; 17.methods of conducting audits, inspection, control and monitoring; 18.methods of physical searches and non-intrusive inspections; 19.security drills and exercises, including drills and exercises with port facilities; and 20.assessment of security drills and exercises. 21.the layout of the ship; 22.the ship security plan and related procedures (including scenario- based training on how to respond);

22 HZS ISPS III. Competencies to be achieved 23.crowd management and control techniques; 24.operations of security equipment and systems and 25.testing, calibration and whilst at sea maintenance of security equipment and systems.

23 HZS ISPS ISPS - Introduction I.Purpose and evaluation II.Course Overview III.Competencies to be achieved IV.History V.Current security threats and patterns VI.Ship and port operations and conditions

24 HZS ISPS IV. History

25 HZS ISPS IV. History Terrorism—defined here as the systematic use of murder, injury, and destruction, or the threat of such acts, aimed at achieving political ends is not new.Terrorism—defined here as the systematic use of murder, injury, and destruction, or the threat of such acts, aimed at achieving political ends is not new.

26 HZS ISPS Terrorism is not brutal, unthinking violenceTerrorism is not brutal, unthinking violence Experts agree that there is almost always a strategy behind terrorist actions. Whether it takes the form of bombings, shootings, hijackings, or assassinations, terrorism is neither random, spontaneous, nor blind;Experts agree that there is almost always a strategy behind terrorist actions. Whether it takes the form of bombings, shootings, hijackings, or assassinations, terrorism is neither random, spontaneous, nor blind; it is a deliberate use of violence against civilians for political or religious ends. IV. History

27 HZS ISPS key-elements of terrorism 1.It is premeditated —planned in advance, rather than an impulsive act of rage. 2.It is political —not criminal, like the violence that groups such as the mafia use to get money, but designed to change the existing political order. 3.It is aimed at civilians —not at military targets or combat-ready troops. 4.It is carried out by subnational groups — not by the army of a country. IV. History

28 HZS ISPS IV. History 44 BC: The murder on Julius Ceasar 1 st century AC: The « Sicarii » (latin for dagger) used violance to oppose the Roman control of Judea 11 th Century - Afghanistan: The Hashashins (etymology: assassin) – Members of an Islamite sect (Nizaris) had the duty to kill hostile leaders 1773: The Boston tea party. Colonist, dressed as Indians, dumped tea in the port of Boston to protest against the British tax policy (beginning of the fighting between Britain & the Colonies) 1881: Tsar Alexander II is killed by the “Narodnaja Volja” (will of the people)

29 HZS ISPS Leon Czolgosz, anarchist, killed the American president William McKinley. The year was ………… IV. History

30 HZS ISPS IV. History 1914: WWI is triggered by the assassination of Franz-Ferdinand, archduke of Austria by a radical Serbian Nationalist 1963: Klu-Klux-clan reacts violant to the civil right movement in Birmingham (Alabama) 1972: Deadly Olympic games – Munich (Members of a Palestinian Terrorist organisation kill 2 Israeli athletes and take 9 others hostage)

31 HZS ISPS IV. History 1983: Suicide attack by the Hezbollah on the American embassy in Beirut1983: Suicide attack by the Hezbollah on the American embassy in Beirut 1995: Timoty McVeigh blows up the federal government building in Oklahoma City with ammonium-nitrate (fertiliser)1995: Timoty McVeigh blows up the federal government building in Oklahoma City with ammonium-nitrate (fertiliser) 1995: Apocalypse in the subway of Tokyo. The Aum Shinrikyo sect releases Sarin gas in the subway killing 12 people and making several thousand sick. They believed that the end of the world was nearby1995: Apocalypse in the subway of Tokyo. The Aum Shinrikyo sect releases Sarin gas in the subway killing 12 people and making several thousand sick. They believed that the end of the world was nearby

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33 HZS ISPS History goes on …………. IV. History

34 HZS ISPS IV. History

35 HZS ISPS The 11 March 2004 Madrid train bombings (also known as 11/3, 3/11, M-11 and 11-M) were a series of coordinated terrorist bombings against the commuter train system of madrid, Spain on the morning of 11 March 2004, which killed 191 people and wounded 1,460.The 11 March 2004 Madrid train bombings (also known as 11/3, 3/11, M-11 and 11-M) were a series of coordinated terrorist bombings against the commuter train system of madrid, Spain on the morning of 11 March 2004, which killed 191 people and wounded 1,460. IV. History

36 HZS ISPS Iraqi terrorist decapitate the South- Korean hostage when his country refuses to withdraw her troops from Iraq Iraqi terrorist decapitate the South- Korean hostage when his country refuses to withdraw her troops from Iraq 16/11/04 Iraqi terrorist murder the British- Irish -Iraqi charity worker Margaret Hassan16/11/04 Iraqi terrorist murder the British- Irish -Iraqi charity worker Margaret Hassan IV. History

37 HZS ISPS IV. History

38 HZS ISPS IV. History

39 HZS ISPS History goes on – London 21/7/05 On Thursday 7 July 2005 a series of four bomb attacks struck London’s public transport system during the morning rush hour. At 8:50 a.m. three bombs exploded within 50 seconds of each other on three London underground trains. A fourth bomb exploded on a bus at 9:47 a.m. in Tavistock Square. Fifty-six people were killed in the attacks, with 700 injured. The incident was the deadliest single act of terrorism in the U.K. since the 1988 bombing of Pan Am flight 103 (which killed 270), and the deadliest bombing in London since the WWII. IV. History

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41 HZS ISPS London – 21/07/05 IV. History

42 HZS ISPS Where will it stop……….. ? Next animated film for children promotes suicide bombings This film was aired on the Iranian television October 28, D=87439&ak=nullhttp://switch3.castup.net.nyud.net:8090/cunet/gm.asp?ClipMediaI D=87439&ak=null IV. History

43 HZS ISPS Definition Security: –The quality or state of being secure –Being secure = Free from fear or distrust –Translations: –Dutch = veiligheid(sgevoel) –French = Sécurité (sentiment de -) IV. History

44 HZS ISPS Humans are thick-headed: International legislation only changes AFTER major catastrophesInternational legislation only changes AFTER major catastrophes ExamplesExamples –TITANIC => SOLAS (1914) –SEVERAL ACCIDENTS 76 & 77 => MARPOL Protocol 1978 –TEXACO CARIBBEAN => TSS systems –ESTONIA => ISM on board of Ro-Ro’s –EXXON VALDEZ => OPA90 & MARPOL 13F&G –ERIKA => Accelerated phasing out of single hull tankers –AND SO ON !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! IV. History

45 HZS ISPS The Achille Lauro was to Security As The The Titanic was to Safety IV. History

46 HZS ISPS

47 HZS ISPS Security BreachedSecurity Breached th October7 th October Time: 1330 hoursTime: 1330 hours 4 Terrorists from Palestine Liberation Front (PLF) hijack the Achille Lauro4 Terrorists from Palestine Liberation Front (PLF) hijack the Achille Lauro Achille Lauro IV. History

48 HZS ISPS In 1985, Palestinian militants (PLF) under the command of Abbu Abbas hijacked the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro. Before the siege ended, an elderly wheelchair-bound American Jew, Leon Klinghoffer, had been murdered and dumped into the sea.In 1985, Palestinian militants (PLF) under the command of Abbu Abbas hijacked the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro. Before the siege ended, an elderly wheelchair-bound American Jew, Leon Klinghoffer, had been murdered and dumped into the sea. Abbas always claimed it was all a mistake, a military mission that went wrong. "There was no plan to hijack the ship or hurt the people aboard."Abbas always claimed it was all a mistake, a military mission that went wrong. "There was no plan to hijack the ship or hurt the people aboard." IV. History

49 HZS ISPS Victim: US citizen Klinghoffer IV. History

50 HZS ISPS Abbas Quote: This statement makes a bridge between political goals & violance IV. History

51 HZS ISPS Pre 11 September 2001: Passenger ship, cruise or ferry, seen as target of attack or hijack Ships were also seen as an instrument to; Ships used to carry equipment or personnel Ship used in trade to help finance terrorist activities (piracy) IV. History

52 HZS ISPS

53 HZS ISPS Post 11 Septembre 2001: Ship itself seen as possible weapon, or as possibly arriving in port carrying a weapon of mass destruction capable of destroying the port and any adjacent population centre IV. History

54 HZS ISPS The new threat: The use of an aircraft / ship as a weapon of mass destruction. Suicide Attack Use of Chemical, Biological, “Dirty Bomb” or Nuclear weapons Environmental Terrorism Cyber Terror State Sponsored Terrorism IV. History

55 HZS ISPS LNG-Terminal Boston: Scenario by Mr. Fay, mechanical engineer Loaded 900 ft LNG carrier alongside Terrorist attack by means of a small boat (35ft) loaded with 2 tons ammonium-nitrate, exploding against the hull (à la Limburg) In contact with the warm water the LNG would vaporize => explosive mixture An explosion would wipe out 9 square mile of the city of Boston Scenario is heavily criticised IV. History

56 HZS ISPS ISPS code and SOLAS Amendments – Assembly Resolution A.545 (13) Measures to prevent acts of piracy and armed robbery against ships 1985 – Achille Lauro 1985 – 2001 Individual Initiatives by USA, Canada, IMO & UK WTC – 11 september 2001 IV. History

57 HZS ISPS AMENDMENTS TO SOLAS Chapter V and Chapter XI Now XI-I and XI-2 IV. History

58 HZS ISPS ISPS CODE AND SOLAS AMENDMENTS 2002: CHAPTER VCHAPTER V Accelerated implementation of AISAccelerated implementation of AIS CHAPTER XI - 1CHAPTER XI - 1 Ship’s Identification NumberShip’s Identification Number Continuous Synopsis RecordContinuous Synopsis Record CHAPTER XI - 2CHAPTER XI - 2 International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) CodeInternational Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code Part A - MandatoryPart A - Mandatory Part B - RecommendatoryPart B - Recommendatory IV. History

59 HZS ISPS ISPS - Introduction I.Purpose and evaluation II.Course Overview III.Competencies to be achieved IV.History V.Current security threats and patterns VI.Ship and port operations and conditions

60 HZS ISPS V. Current security threats and patterns 2006 Terrorist attacks 2006: Qassam rockets fired by Hamas into Israel, especially the cities of Ashkelon and Sderot, injures "many" citizens. Qassam rockets Suicide attacks in Iraq in Suicide attacks in Iraq in 2006 February 22: Al Askari Mosque bombing ignites sectarian strife in Iraq. February 22Al Askari Mosque bombing March 2: Bombing in Karachi, Pakistan kills four, including a U.S. diplomat. [35] March 2KarachiPakistan[35] March 3: Mohammed Reza Taheri-azar, an Iranian-born graduate of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, drives an SUV onto a crowded part of campus, injuring nine. March 3Mohammed Reza Taheri-azarUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill March 7: Bombings in the Hindu holy city of Varanasi, India kill 28 and injures more than 100. March 7BombingsVaranasiIndia March 30: Palestinian suicide bomber kills himself and four others at Kedumim Junction in the West Bank [36][37] March 30 [36][37] April 11: A suicide bomber explodes himself in Karachi, Pakistan, and kills 57 Sunni worshippers. [38] April 11KarachiPakistan[38] April 17: Sami Hammad, a Palestinian suicide bomber, detonates an explosive device in Tel Aviv, Israel, killing eleven people and injuring 70. April 17Sami HammadPalestinianTel AvivIsrael April 24: Bombings at three locations in Dahab, Egypt kill 20 Egyptians, 3 foreigners, and injure 62 others. April 24BombingsDahabEgypt May 11: Six policemen die and 12 are injured when five bombs go off in a police academy in Quetta, Pakistan [39] May 11QuettaPakistan [39] June 15 : The LTTE detonate a claymore mine by a bus carrying 140 civilians in Sri Lanka. 68 civilians, including 10 children and 3 pregnant women, are killed. Approximately 60 civilians are injured. June 15claymore mine The 11 July 2006 Mumbai train bombings11 July 2006 Mumbai train bombings June 25: Eliyahu Asheri, an Israeli citizen, was kidnapped and murdered by the Palestinian terrorist group, the Popular Resistance Committees (PRC). June 25Eliyahu Asheri Popular Resistance Committees July 9: 40 Sunni civilians are massacred by Shia militants in Baghdad, Iraq. July 9massacredBaghdadIraq July 11: A series of explosions rock commuter trains in Mumbai, India, killing at least 200. Approximately 700 civilians are injured. July 11series of explosionscommuter trainsMumbaiIndia

61 HZS ISPS July 14: Suicide bomber in Karachi, Pakistan kills a Shiite Islamic cleric Allama Hasan Turabi and his nephew.July 14KarachiPakistan July 17: Explosions and gunmen kill 48 people in a market in Mahmoudiya, Iraq. [40] July 17MahmoudiyaIraq[40] July 18: Car bombing near a Shiite shrine in Kufa, Iraq kills 53 and injures 103. [41] July 18KufaIraq[41] July 31: Two suitcase bombs are discovered in trains near the German towns of Dortmund and Koblenz, undetonated due to an assembly error. Video footage from Cologne train station, where the bombs were put on the trains, led to the arrest of two Lebanese students in Germany, Youssef al-Hajdib and Jihad Hamad, and subsequently of three suspected co-conspirators in Lebanon[16]. On 1 September 2006, Jörg Ziercke, head of the Bundeskriminalamt (Federal Police), reports that the suspects saw the controversial Muhammad cartoons as an "assault by the West on Islam" and the "initial spark" for the attack, originally planned to coincide with the 2006 Football World Cup in Germany.[17][18] July 31suitcase bombsDortmundKoblenzCologne[16]1 September2006BundeskriminalamtMuhammad cartoons2006 Football World Cup in Germany[17][18] August 4: A suicide car bomber struck a market in Kandahar, Afghanistan killing 21 people. August 4KandaharAfghanistan August 10: A major anti-terrorist operation disrupts an alleged bomb plot targeting multiple airplanes bound for the United States flying through Heathrow Airport, near London, UK. August 10bomb plot targeting multiple airplanesUnited StatesHeathrow AirportLondon, UK August 13: Two grenades explode on a trolleybus in Tiraspol, Moldova, killing two people and injuring ten. [42] August 13trolleybusTiraspolMoldova[42] August 16: A bomb exploded in a Hindu temple near Imphal, India, killing three and injuring more than 30. [43] August 16HinduImphalIndia[43] August 20: Gunmen spray bullets on Shiites in Baghdad, killing 20 people and wounding more than 300. [44] August 20[44] September 8: At least 2 bomb blasts target a Muslim cemetery in the western town of Malegaon. The blasts kill 37 people and leave 125 others wounded. September 8 September 12: Four attackers armed with grenades and machine guns attempt to storm the U.S. embassy in Damascus, Syria. Three of the gunmen and one Syrian guard are killed during a battle between the attackers and Syrian security forces. One Syrian employee of the embassy and at least 10 bystanders are wounded, among them, 7 Syrian telephone company workers and a senior Chinese diplomat. Police recover a car laden with explosives and other IEDs. Syrian Ambassador to the United States Imad Moustapha announces that his government suspects a group called Jund al-Sham is responsible. [19] September 12 DamascusSyriaIEDsImad MoustaphaJund al-Sham[19] September 15: Four suicide bombers and a security guard are killed in early-morning attacks on the Safer refinery in Marib and the al-Dhabba terminal in Hadramout, Yemen. Although no group has claimed responsibility Islamic extremists are suspected. See the September 15th Yemen attacks page. September 15September 15th Yemen attacks V. Current security threats and patterns

62 HZS ISPS September 16: 2006 Hat Yai bombings: 4 people killed, 82 injured, by six bombs along the main commercial street of Hat Yai. The devices were placed approximately 500 meters apart, and were remotely set off every five minutes.[45]September Hat Yai bombingsHat Yai[45] September 18: 11 people, including the presidents brother and 6 attackers, are killed in an assassination attempt on the Somalian president. [46] See 2006 Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed assassination attempt.September 18[46]2006 Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed assassination attempt September 30: A suicide bomber detonates his explosives outside the interior ministry in Kabul. The attack kills 12 and wounds over 40.September 30 October 16: A truck bomb targets a military bus convoy travelling in Northern Sri Lanka. The attack leaves 99, mainly sailors, dead and over 100 wounded. The Tamil Tigers are blamed.[48]October 16Tamil Tigers[48] November 1: The Real IRA detonates a series of firebombs in a large hardware retailers and a sports store in Belfast, both buildings are completely destroyed. No fatalities.November 1Real IRA V. Current security threats and patterns

63 HZS ISPS V. Current security threats and patterns

64 HZS ISPS V. Current security threats and patterns

65 HZS ISPS V. Current security threats and patterns

66 HZS ISPS Recently reported incidents at 0515 LT at Dar es Salaam anchorage, Tanzania. Robbers boarded a chemical tanker via anchor chain. They stole ship's stores and escaped. Master’s attempt to contact port control was futile at 1400 LT off Ticala, San Pablo, Samboanga del Sur, southern Mindanoa, Philippines. Armed pirates attacked a group of fishing vessels engaged in fishing. Four fishermen were killed in the shootout at 0400 LT in posn: 10:28.7N - 064:08.5W, Navimca, Cumana, Venezuela. Robbers boarded a yacht at anchor and stole two outboard engines V. Current security threats and patterns

67 HZS ISPS /27/oil.threat.ap/index.html terror/main shtml V. Current security threats and patterns

68 HZS ISPS ISPS - Introduction I.Purpose and evaluation II.Course Overview III.Competencies to be achieved IV.History V.Current security threats and patterns VI.Ship and port operations and conditions

69 HZS ISPS VI. Ship and port operations and conditions

70 HZS ISPS VI. Ship and port operations and conditions


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