Presentation on theme: "The Road to the Missouri Compromise…"— Presentation transcript:
1The Road to the Missouri Compromise… Colonial and United States Review to 1820
2a. Identify the reasons for colonization, evaluate its impacts, and analyze the success or failure of settlements in North Americab. Analyze religious development and its significance in colonial America (e.g., religious settlements, the Great Awakening)c. Describe significant aspects of the variety of social structures of colonial Americad. Compare the economies of the various colonies, and analyze the development and impact of indentured servitude and African slavery in North America (e.g., social, political, and economic)e. Explain the origins and development of colonial governmentsf. Evaluate the influence of Enlightenment ideas on the development of American government as embodied in the Declaration of Independence
3Colonial America VA –established For purpose of Economic profit Huge population growth from (300, million)Most populous colonies – Virginia, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, MarylandYouthful population – average age by 1775 was 16VA –establishedFor purpose ofEconomic profitMA- very religious
52 important events paved the way for revolutionist ideas ’s-1740’s a revival of religion which became known as theIMPORTANCEGREAT AWAKENINGThe Great Awakening was a movement rooted in spiritual growth whichbrought a national identity to Colonial America.The major effect of the Awakening – it encouraged people to question authorityand think for themselves. Spilled over in political matters.
6Conflict between British and French Over land in America Importance 2. French and Indian WarConflict between British and FrenchOver land in AmericaImportanceColonist questioned strengthOf British armyFrench and Spanish lost landsNative Americans lost groundProclamation of prohibited colonistsFrom settling lands west of Appalachian mts.Colonist ignored this
7Parliamentary acts and events that enraged colonists taxes on foreign sugar1764 Sugar Act –1765 Quartering Act(Repealed in 1766)1765 Stamp Act1766 Declaratory Act – absolute sovereignty over colonies1767 Townshend Acts –tax to pay salaries of governors and judgesBritish soldiers fire on citizens (Crispus Attucks died)Boston MassacreMarch 5, 1770Boston Tea Party1773 – Tea1774 Intolerable Acts-Restriction of town meetings-Boston Port closed-Troops in BostonBritish troops fire on colonial militiaLexington and ConcordApril 1775
8Explain the cartoon .Ben Franklin’s drawing is considered to be the first political cartoon inAmerican History
10Assignment1.Using maps on page 85 and 92, answer the provided questions.The maps deal with immigrant groups in and the colonial economy.2.Using the prints of the Boston Massacre on page 129 and the account of the massacre on pages , answer the provided questions.
11Road to Independence 1st Continental Congress 1774 Wrote letters to the King and Parliament2nd Continental Congress1775Convened right after the Battle of Lexington and ConcordAppointed George Washington leader of a colonial army1776Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of IndependenceIt was approved on July 2, 1776
12Washington Crossing the Delaware Painted by Emanuel Leutze, 1851
13British surrender at Yorktown - 1781 Treaty of Paris 1783Treaty of Paris 1783 – formally ended the war between the Colonists and the British
14Cornwallis’ Surrender at Yorktown: “The World Turned Upside Down!”Painted by John Trumbull, 1797
17Articles of Confederation (1781-1787) Loose Confederation of States Nation’s 1st GovernmentCongress – each state had one voteNO JUDICIAL BRANCHNO PRESIDENT*Congress couldn’t regulate trade or enforce tax collection*all 13 to amend the document*9 states to pass a law
18Northwest Ordinance of 1787 One of the major accomplishments of the Confederation Congress!Statehood achieved in three stages:Congress appointed 3 judges & a governor to govern the territory.When population reached 5,000 adult male landowners elect territorial legislature.When population reached 60,000 elect delegates to a state constitutional convention.
19What happened to the Articles of Confederation? Shays’ Rebellion 1786 – no state would help MassachusettsMay 1787 – Convention to revise Articles of ConfederationBecomes Constitutional Convention (wrote a new document)Result – calls for aStronger federal govt
20Shays’ Rebellion:There could be no stronger evidence of the want of energy in our governments than these disorders.-- George Washington
21Constitutional Convention May 1787 – september 1787 55 men – lawyers, merchant, shippersJames Madison – Father of ConstitutionHeld in secret in PhiladelphiaAbsent : Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Thomas Paine, Samuel Adams, John Hancock, and Patrick Henry
22AssignmentYou will receive a packet with readings and assignments on the following topics:1. timeline of the American Revolution and activity2. The Stamp Act3. The Boston Tea Party4. The Intolerable Acts5. The First Continental Congress6. Lexington and Concord7. The Second Continental Congress8. Signers of the Declaration9. The Articles of Confederation10. The Treaty of Paris*This assignment is due on Wednesday
23Debate over Representation Representation based on PopulationVirginia PlanRepresentation based on equalityNew Jersey Plan
24House of Representatives Based on Equal Representation (2 per state) Great CompromiseBased on PopulationHouse of RepresentativesBased on Equal Representation (2 per state)Senate
25Key points of the Constitution All taxes and revenue bills must start in the House of RepresentativesPresident can veto bills and wage war (but Congress my declare war)*Presidents are elected by the Electoral College by majority vote*(if no majority, it is decided in the House of Representatives)*3/5 Compromise – slaves counts as 3/5 of a person for representation of a state*Slave trade to end in 20 years (1807)
26Three Branches of Government Makes LawsLegislativeCarries out lawsExecutiveInterprets LawsJudicialThree Branches of Government
28Federalists For Constitution The Federalist Papers were written to encourage people to support the ConstitutionAntifederalistsAgainst ConstitutionWanted a Bill of Rights
29A New BeginningGeorge Washington was inaugurated President on April 30, 1989 (unanimous)Bill of Rights were approved in They were written by James Madison.Set up the Supreme Court and lower Federal CourtsJudiciary Act 1789
30You will receive a copy of George Washington’s farewell in 1796. Read the Farewell Address and annotate.Be prepared to discuss its importance in 1796, as well as for the future.
31Emergence of Political Parties Federalists and Democratic Republicans(John Adams/Thomas Jefferson)
32George Washington stepped down after his 2nd term John AdamsThomas Jefferson
33Louisiana Purchase 1803 ($15 million) Thomas JeffersonLouisiana Purchase 1803 ($15 million)1804 – Lewis and Clark expedition to the Northwest (Sacajawea)Issues with England on the high seas1807 – End of the slave trade
34Jeffersonian Era Father of the Declaration of Independence Began the Democratic-Republican Party2nd Vice President of the US (Jon Adams)1st Secretary of State under WashingtonMinister to FranceGovernor of VirginiaFounded University of Virginia3rd president of the USA
35How does this qualify as a primary document? What do we know about Sandy from this advertisement?What does this advertisement tell us about Thomas Jefferson?
36Assignment1. Read Opportunity Knocks: Jefferson Responds and answer the accompanying questions.This document deals with the Louisiana Purchase.2. Read The Lewis and Clark Expedition and complete the Lewis and Clark quiz.
37James Madison (1809-1817) Highlights of his presidency War of 1812 – against Britain (burned DC)Battle of Orleans – led by Andrew Jackson defeated British troopsEnded the Federalist PartyEncouraged growth of industryConfirmed US a free nation
38James Monroe 1817-1825 Era of Good feelings (1 political party dr) Panic of banks fail1819- Florida ceded to the US from SpainMonroe Doctrine
39Monroe DoctrineAfter reading about the Monroe Doctrine, answer the following questions in your notes:1. What was the original reason for developing the Monroe Doctrine?Explain the Monroe Doctrine.3. What was an immediate effect of the Monroe Doctrine?
40SLAVERY Originally, colonies used labor known as indentured servitude. White servants were “employed” with passage paid to the colonies from England. There was a surplus of people needing work.The Head right system developed. For every person provided passage to the colonies, 50 acres of land would be given to the master.However, indentured servants weren’t ideal because eventually they were to receive freedom after years of work.
41Colonial Slavery 1492-1792 400,000 Africans to North America Captured on western portion of AfricaTriangular trade/middle passageBy 1662, slave codes were established in VirginiaSouth – agriculture/plantationsNorth – trade/fishing
42Sectionalism in America South slave based agricultureNorth commerce