Presentation on theme: "Colonial and United States Review to 1820. a. Identify the reasons for colonization, evaluate its impacts, and analyze the success or failure of settlements."— Presentation transcript:
Colonial and United States Review to 1820
a. Identify the reasons for colonization, evaluate its impacts, and analyze the success or failure of settlements in North America b. Analyze religious development and its significance in colonial America (e.g., religious settlements, the Great Awakening) c. Describe significant aspects of the variety of social structures of colonial America d. Compare the economies of the various colonies, and analyze the development and impact of indentured servitude and African slavery in North America (e.g., social, political, and economic) e. Explain the origins and development of colonial governments f. Evaluate the influence of Enlightenment ideas on the development of American government as embodied in the Declaration of Independence
Huge population growth from (300, million) Most populous colonies – Virginia, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, Maryland Youthful population – average age by 1775 was 16 VA –established For purpose of Economic profit MA- very religious
’s-1740’s a revival of religion which became known as the IMPORTANCE The Great Awakening was a movement rooted in spiritual growth which brought a national identity to Colonial America. The major effect of the Awakening – it encouraged people to question authority and think for themselves. Spilled over in political matters.
2. French and Indian War Conflict between British and French Over land in America Importance Colonist questioned strength Of British army French and Spanish lost lands Native Americans lost ground Proclamation of prohibited colonists From settling lands west of Appalachian mts. Colonist ignored this
1764 Sugar Act – taxes on foreign sugar 1765 Quartering Act 1765 Stamp Act (Repealed in 1766) 1766 Declaratory Act – absolute sovereignty over colonies 1767 Townshend Acts –tax to pay salaries of governors and judges March 5, 1770 Boston Massacre British soldiers fire on citizens (Crispus Attucks died) 1773 – Tea Boston Tea Party 1774 Intolerable Acts -Boston Port closed -Troops in Boston -Restriction of town meetings April 1775 Lexington and Concord British troops fire on colonial militia
Ben Franklin’s drawing is considered to be the first political cartoon in American History
1. Using maps on page 85 and 92, answer the provided questions. The maps deal with immigrant groups in 1775 and the colonial economy. 2. Using the prints of the Boston Massacre on page 129 and the account of the massacre on pages , answer the provided questions.
1 st Continental Congress 1774 Wrote letters to the King and Parliament 2 nd Continental Congress 1775 Convened right after the Battle of Lexington and Concord Appointed George Washington leader of a colonial army 1776 Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence It was approved on July 2, 1776
Washington Crossing the Delaware Painted by Emanuel Leutze, 1851
Treaty of Paris 1783 – formally ended the war between the Colonists and the British British surrender at Yorktown
Cornwallis’ Surrender at Yorktown: Painted by John Trumbull, 1797 “The World Turned Upside Down!”
Wholesale Price Index:
Articles of Confederation ( ) Nation’s 1 st Government Loose Confederation of States Congress – each state had one vote NO PRESIDENT NO JUDICIAL BRANCH *9 states to pass a law *all 13 to amend the document *Congress couldn’t regulate trade or enforce tax collection
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 One of the major accomplishments of the Confederation Congress! Statehood achieved in three stages: 1.Congress appointed 3 judges & a governor to govern the territory. 2.When population reached 5,000 adult male landowners elect territorial legislature. 3.When population reached 60,000 elect delegates to a state constitutional convention.
Shays’ Rebellion 1786 – no state would help Massachusetts May 1787 – Convention to revise Articles of Confederation Becomes Constitutional Convention (wrote a new document) Result – calls for a Stronger federal govt
Shays’ Rebellion: There could be no stronger evidence of the want of energy in our governments than these disorders. -- George Washington
55 men – lawyers, merchant, shippers James Madison – Father of Constitution Held in secret in Philadelphia Absent : Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Thomas Paine, Samuel Adams, John Hancock, and Patrick Henry
You will receive a packet with readings and assignments on the following topics: 1. timeline of the American Revolution and activity 2. The Stamp Act 3. The Boston Tea Party 4. The Intolerable Acts 5. The First Continental Congress 6. Lexington and Concord 7. The Second Continental Congress 8. Signers of the Declaration 9. The Articles of Confederation 10. The Treaty of Paris *This assignment is due on Wednesday
Virginia Plan Representation based on Population New Jersey Plan Representation based on equality
Great Compromise Based on Equal Representation (2 per state) Senate Based on Population House of Representatives
All taxes and revenue bills must start in the House of Representatives President can veto bills and wage war (but Congress my declare war) *Presidents are elected by the Electoral College by majority vote *(if no majority, it is decided in the House of Representatives) *3/5 Compromise – slaves counts as 3/5 of a person for representation of a state *Slave trade to end in 20 years (1807) Key points of the Constitution
Three Branches of Government Judicial Interprets Laws Executive Carries out laws Legislative Makes Laws
For Constitution The Federalist Papers were written to encourage people to support the Constitution Federalists Against Constitution Wanted a Bill of Rights Antifederalists
George Washington was inaugurated President on April 30, 1989 (unanimous) Bill of Rights were approved in They were written by James Madison. Judiciary Act 1789 Set up the Supreme Court and lower Federal Courts
You will receive a copy of George Washington’s farewell in Read the Farewell Address and annotate. Be prepared to discuss its importance in 1796, as well as for the future.
Federalists and Democratic Republicans (John Adams/Thomas Jefferson)
George Washington stepped down after his 2 nd term John Adams Thomas Jefferson
Louisiana Purchase 1803 ($15 million) 1804 – Lewis and Clark expedition to the Northwest (Sacajawea) Issues with England on the high seas 1807 – End of the slave trade
Father of the Declaration of Independence Began the Democratic-Republican Party 2 nd Vice President of the US (Jon Adams) 1 st Secretary of State under Washington Minister to France Governor of Virginia Founded University of Virginia 3 rd president of the USA
How does this qualify as a primary document? What do we know about Sandy from this advertisement? What does this advertisement tell us about Thomas Jefferson?
1. Read Opportunity Knocks: Jefferson Responds and answer the accompanying questions. This document deals with the Louisiana Purchase. 2. Read The Lewis and Clark Expedition and complete the Lewis and Clark quiz.
Highlights of his presidency War of 1812 – against Britain (burned DC) Battle of Orleans – led by Andrew Jackson defeated British troops Ended the Federalist Party Encouraged growth of industry Confirmed US a free nation
Era of Good feelings (1 political party dr) Panic of banks fail Florida ceded to the US from Spain Monroe Doctrine
After reading about the Monroe Doctrine, answer the following questions in your notes: 1. What was the original reason for developing the Monroe Doctrine? 2. Explain the Monroe Doctrine. 3. What was an immediate effect of the Monroe Doctrine?
Originally, colonies used labor known as indentured servitude. White servants were “employed” with passage paid to the colonies from England. There was a surplus of people needing work. The Head right system developed. For every person provided passage to the colonies, 50 acres of land would be given to the master. However, indentured servants weren’t ideal because eventually they were to receive freedom after years of work.
,000 Africans to North America Captured on western portion of Africa Triangular trade/middle passage By 1662, slave codes were established in Virginia North – trade/fishing South – agriculture/plantations