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The Road to the Missouri Compromise…

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1 The Road to the Missouri Compromise…
Colonial and United States Review to 1820

2 a. Identify the reasons for colonization, evaluate its impacts, and analyze the success or failure of settlements in North America b. Analyze religious development and its significance in colonial America (e.g., religious settlements, the Great Awakening) c. Describe significant aspects of the variety of social structures of colonial America d. Compare the economies of the various colonies, and analyze the development and impact of indentured servitude and African slavery in North America (e.g., social, political, and economic) e. Explain the origins and development of colonial governments f. Evaluate the influence of Enlightenment ideas on the development of American government as embodied in the Declaration of Independence

3 Colonial America VA –established For purpose of Economic profit
Huge population growth from (300, million) Most populous colonies – Virginia, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, Maryland Youthful population – average age by 1775 was 16 VA –established For purpose of Economic profit MA- very religious

4 Composition of Colonial America (besides British)
Germans – 6%- Pennsylvania Scots-Irish (Lowlanders) – 7% Pennsylvania Frontier French Huguenots, Welsh, Dutch, Swedes, Jews, Irish, Swiss, Scotts, Scots Highlands – 5% Africans – 20%

5 2 important events paved the way for revolutionist ideas
’s-1740’s a revival of religion which became known as the IMPORTANCE GREAT AWAKENING The Great Awakening was a movement rooted in spiritual growth which brought a national identity to Colonial America. The major effect of the Awakening – it encouraged people to question authority and think for themselves. Spilled over in political matters.

6 Conflict between British and French Over land in America Importance
2. French and Indian War Conflict between British and French Over land in America Importance Colonist questioned strength Of British army French and Spanish lost lands Native Americans lost ground Proclamation of prohibited colonists From settling lands west of Appalachian mts. Colonist ignored this

7 Parliamentary acts and events that enraged colonists
taxes on foreign sugar 1764 Sugar Act – 1765 Quartering Act (Repealed in 1766) 1765 Stamp Act 1766 Declaratory Act – absolute sovereignty over colonies 1767 Townshend Acts –tax to pay salaries of governors and judges British soldiers fire on citizens (Crispus Attucks died) Boston Massacre March 5, 1770 Boston Tea Party 1773 – Tea 1774 Intolerable Acts -Restriction of town meetings -Boston Port closed -Troops in Boston British troops fire on colonial militia Lexington and Concord April 1775

8 Explain the cartoon . Ben Franklin’s drawing is considered to be the first political cartoon in American History


10 Assignment 1. Using maps on page 85 and 92, answer the provided questions. The maps deal with immigrant groups in and the colonial economy. 2. Using the prints of the Boston Massacre on page 129 and the account of the massacre on pages , answer the provided questions.

11 Road to Independence 1st Continental Congress 1774
Wrote letters to the King and Parliament 2nd Continental Congress 1775 Convened right after the Battle of Lexington and Concord Appointed George Washington leader of a colonial army 1776 Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence It was approved on July 2, 1776

12 Washington Crossing the Delaware Painted by Emanuel Leutze, 1851

13 British surrender at Yorktown - 1781
Treaty of Paris 1783 Treaty of Paris 1783 – formally ended the war between the Colonists and the British

14 Cornwallis’ Surrender at Yorktown:
“The World Turned Upside Down!” Painted by John Trumbull, 1797

15 Articles of Confederation Government:

16 Wholesale Price Index: 1770-1789

17 Articles of Confederation (1781-1787) Loose Confederation of States
Nation’s 1st Government Congress – each state had one vote NO JUDICIAL BRANCH NO PRESIDENT *Congress couldn’t regulate trade or enforce tax collection *all 13 to amend the document *9 states to pass a law

18 Northwest Ordinance of 1787
One of the major accomplishments of the Confederation Congress! Statehood achieved in three stages: Congress appointed 3 judges & a governor to govern the territory. When population reached 5,000 adult male landowners  elect territorial legislature. When population reached 60,000  elect delegates to a state constitutional convention.

19 What happened to the Articles of Confederation?
Shays’ Rebellion 1786 – no state would help Massachusetts May 1787 – Convention to revise Articles of Confederation Becomes Constitutional Convention (wrote a new document) Result – calls for a Stronger federal govt

20 Shays’ Rebellion: There could be no stronger evidence of the want of energy in our governments than these disorders. -- George Washington

21 Constitutional Convention May 1787 – september 1787
55 men – lawyers, merchant, shippers James Madison – Father of Constitution Held in secret in Philadelphia Absent : Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Thomas Paine, Samuel Adams, John Hancock, and Patrick Henry

22 Assignment You will receive a packet with readings and assignments on the following topics: 1. timeline of the American Revolution and activity 2. The Stamp Act 3. The Boston Tea Party 4. The Intolerable Acts 5. The First Continental Congress 6. Lexington and Concord 7. The Second Continental Congress 8. Signers of the Declaration 9. The Articles of Confederation 10. The Treaty of Paris *This assignment is due on Wednesday

23 Debate over Representation
Representation based on Population Virginia Plan Representation based on equality New Jersey Plan

24 House of Representatives Based on Equal Representation (2 per state)
Great Compromise Based on Population House of Representatives Based on Equal Representation (2 per state) Senate

25 Key points of the Constitution
All taxes and revenue bills must start in the House of Representatives President can veto bills and wage war (but Congress my declare war) *Presidents are elected by the Electoral College by majority vote *(if no majority, it is decided in the House of Representatives) *3/5 Compromise – slaves counts as 3/5 of a person for representation of a state *Slave trade to end in 20 years (1807)

26 Three Branches of Government
Makes Laws Legislative Carries out laws Executive Interprets Laws Judicial Three Branches of Government


28 Federalists For Constitution
The Federalist Papers were written to encourage people to support the Constitution Antifederalists Against Constitution Wanted a Bill of Rights

29 A New Beginning George Washington was inaugurated President on April 30, 1989 (unanimous) Bill of Rights were approved in They were written by James Madison. Set up the Supreme Court and lower Federal Courts Judiciary Act 1789

30 You will receive a copy of George Washington’s farewell in 1796.
Read the Farewell Address and annotate. Be prepared to discuss its importance in 1796, as well as for the future.

31 Emergence of Political Parties
Federalists and Democratic Republicans (John Adams/Thomas Jefferson)

32 George Washington stepped down after his 2nd term
John Adams Thomas Jefferson

33 Louisiana Purchase 1803 ($15 million)
Thomas Jefferson Louisiana Purchase 1803 ($15 million) 1804 – Lewis and Clark expedition to the Northwest (Sacajawea) Issues with England on the high seas 1807 – End of the slave trade

34 Jeffersonian Era Father of the Declaration of Independence
Began the Democratic-Republican Party 2nd Vice President of the US (Jon Adams) 1st Secretary of State under Washington Minister to France Governor of Virginia Founded University of Virginia 3rd president of the USA

35 How does this qualify as a primary document?
What do we know about Sandy from this advertisement? What does this advertisement tell us about Thomas Jefferson?

36 Assignment 1. Read Opportunity Knocks: Jefferson Responds and answer the accompanying questions. This document deals with the Louisiana Purchase. 2. Read The Lewis and Clark Expedition and complete the Lewis and Clark quiz.

37 James Madison (1809-1817) Highlights of his presidency
War of 1812 – against Britain (burned DC) Battle of Orleans – led by Andrew Jackson defeated British troops Ended the Federalist Party Encouraged growth of industry Confirmed US a free nation

38 James Monroe 1817-1825 Era of Good feelings (1 political party dr)
Panic of banks fail 1819- Florida ceded to the US from Spain Monroe Doctrine

39 Monroe Doctrine After reading about the Monroe Doctrine, answer the following questions in your notes: 1. What was the original reason for developing the Monroe Doctrine? Explain the Monroe Doctrine. 3. What was an immediate effect of the Monroe Doctrine?

40 SLAVERY Originally, colonies used labor known as indentured servitude.
White servants were “employed” with passage paid to the colonies from England. There was a surplus of people needing work. The Head right system developed. For every person provided passage to the colonies, 50 acres of land would be given to the master. However, indentured servants weren’t ideal because eventually they were to receive freedom after years of work.

41 Colonial Slavery 1492-1792 400,000 Africans to North America
Captured on western portion of Africa Triangular trade/middle passage By 1662, slave codes were established in Virginia South – agriculture/plantations North – trade/fishing

42 Sectionalism in America
South slave based agriculture North commerce

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