Presentation on theme: "Warm-Up What governing document was signed by the Pilgrims before landing at Plymouth? Explain three beliefs of the Quakers. Which region of the colonies."— Presentation transcript:
1Warm-UpWhat governing document was signed by the Pilgrims before landing at Plymouth?Explain three beliefs of the Quakers.Which region of the colonies was impacted the most by the Intolerable Acts?What was Thomas Paine trying to convince the colonists to do in Common Sense?Who wrote the Virginia Plan for the Constitution?
2Articles of Confederation Weak central governmentChanging government law needs an unanimous vote.Can’t regulate trade or currency.Led to a economy weakGoverns the growing western territoryLand Ordinance of 1785Northwest Ordinance of 1787
3Articles of Confederation Page 137Eight groupsEach group will make a poster that contains eight cartoons. Each cartoon will represent a problem of the A of C. There are eight bullet points in the chart that represent these problems, make a cartoon for each.You have 30 minutes to complete this assignment
4Land Ordinance of 1785Established how land in the west would be surveyed.This was land won during the American Revolution.
5Northwest Ordinance of 1787 This ordinance broke the land into different territories and determined how they would become new states.Congress appointed a governor and judges.Territory would write a constitution and elect a government after 5,000 people lived there.Once 60,000 people lived in a territory it could apply for statehood. Congress would approve.
6Shays’s Rebellion - 1787 Led by Daniel Shays Farmers in debt Many are war veteransThey could lose their farmsLed a rebellion of 1,200 to take the arsenal at Springfield but failed.Shows need for stronger government.G. Washington – “What a triumph for our enemies, to find out that we are incapable of governing ourselves.”
7Warm-UpWhat was the name of the first government in the United States?Describe two weaknesses of the original government of the United States.Explain the Land Ordinance of 1785.Explain the Northwest Ordinance of 1787.
8Constitutional Convention, 1787 Took place in PhiladelphiaJames Madison, VA - Father of the ConstitutionWrote the Virginia Plan
9Two Different Plans Virginia Plan = “Large State Plan” Bicameral legislature, based on populationBenefits large states.New Jersey Plan = “Small State Plan”Each state gets one vote.Benefits small states.
10The Compromise “The Great Compromise” – Roger Sherman Combines the two plans (VA and NJ)Two part Congress - House and Senate
11SlaverySome Southern states threaten not to join the Union if slavery was outlawed.3/5 Compromise: A slave counts as 3/5 of a personUsed for taxes and representationSlave trade can be banned 20 years after ratification.
12The Ratification Debate FederalistsAnti-FederalistsFor RatificationJames Madison, George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, John JayStrong central government, promote economic improvementChecks and Balances keep it from taking away peoples’ rights.Against RatificationGeorge Mason, Patrick Henry, Thomas JeffersonA strong central government is dangerous, it weakens and threatens state powerThreatens individual rights
13The FederalistJames MadisonJohn JayAlexander Hamilton
14The Federalist Papers Hamilton, Madison, Jay Federalist Paper #10 Warned against factions.Groups who have views that would take away others rights.Federalist Paper #51Checks and Balances.Separation of Powers
15Warm-Up Who wrote the Federalist Papers? What were the two groups who debated ratifying the Constitution?What are checks and balances?Define the Virginia Plan.Explain the Great and 3/5ths Compromise.
16Why the Bill of Rights?Many opposed to ratification were afraid of losing individual rightsDemanded a Bill of Rights to protect themFinal compromise of the convention
17Bill of Rights Written by James Madison in 1789 1st Ten Amendments to the U.S. ConstitutionProtected rights of individual citizensMadison
18Amendment ICongress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
19Amendment IIA well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
20Amendment VIIIExcessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
21Virginia Declaration of Rights Written by George Mason in 1776First document to protect individual rightsInfluenced Jefferson while writing the Declaration of IndependenceUsed as an example while writing the Bill of Rights
22Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom Written by Thomas Jefferson in 1779, adopted in 1786Established freedom of religionGovernment cannot establish an official churchIts ideas were used in the Bill of Rights
23Primary Source Reading Virginia Declaration of RightsVirginia Statute for Religious Freedom
24How does the new government work? Three BranchesLegislativeCongress – the House of Representatives and the SenateExecutivePresidentJudicialCourt SystemChecks and BalancesEach branch has ways to prevent others from passing laws they do not agree with.
25Examples of Checks and Balances Presidential Veto.Senate must confirm presidential appointments.Supreme court and declare laws unconstitutional.