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  While the English (British) settled in Jamestown, the French setup their first settlement along the Mississippi Valley and what is now Canada.  The.

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Presentation on theme: "  While the English (British) settled in Jamestown, the French setup their first settlement along the Mississippi Valley and what is now Canada.  The."— Presentation transcript:

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2   While the English (British) settled in Jamestown, the French setup their first settlement along the Mississippi Valley and what is now Canada.  The settlement was known as Quebec.  The French were interested in getting rich off of fur trades. French Settlements

3   The French made friends with the Native Americans to trade furs.  They traded glass beads, knives, blankets, and other items for the fur that the Native Americans had.  The fur was worth a lot of money in Europe. Making Friends

4   The French could not farm, so they did not want to take the land from the Native Americans.  The King of France did not give the French colonist the same rights as the British had.  The people who went to the New France settlement were expected to follow the kings rules.  The king was interested in fur trade.  Most who traveled to New France (including Kentucky) were single men with no families.  Lived with the Indians while traveling. Differences Between the Colonies

5   France claimed the land along the Mississippi Valley and Ohio Rivers. (This included Kentucky)  The British started moving away from the 13 colonies, west of the Appalachian Mountains which was the land that France had claimed.  They started cutting down trees and clearing land to build houses.  This angered the French because the animals lived in the forest, and they needed the animals around to gather the fur.  They setup forts along the Ohio River to show their claim. French & British Become Enemies

6   The French began talking to the Indians about their problems. They told the Indians that they were their friends and the British were their enemies.  Many Native Americans agreed to fight with the French to protect their hunting grounds.  The Native Americans began attacking the British settlements while they were asleep. They would burn the cabins and kill most of the men. Enemies

7   Directions: With your talking partners, answer the following questions:  What was the name given to France’s territory in America?  The French were aided by whom in their war against the British?  Why were the French against British’s westward movement in the New World? Comprehension Check

8   The French and Indian War lasted from  The war decided who would be the most powerful country in North America.  The governor of Virginia decided that the French had no business on their land and needed to move. He sent a brave man to deliver the message to Fort Le Boeuf.  George Washington crossed the mountains to deliver the message to the French colonist. The French & Indian War

9   The French told George Washington that they claimed the land first and weren’t leaving.  George Washington traveled back to Virginia to tell the governor.  The governor decided to setup an army using the British colonist.  George Washington became an officer of the Virginia army.  He led his soldiers in the first battle of the war.  The French defeated them because they weren’t trained to fight. George Washington

10   The British King sent British soldiers over to help the colonist fight.  The British soldiers wore bright red uniforms and were prepared to fight like they did in Europe.  They refused to hide and stood out in the open to fight for that was the rules in Europe.  The Native Americans and the French hid in the bushes and aimed fire.  The British, once their commander was killed, ran and hid.  The British had lost the battle yet again. Help Arrives

11   Directions: With your talking partners answer the following questions.  What would the French and Indian War decide?  To what fort did British soldiers go to tell the French to leave?  What Virginia colonist took command and led the first battle of the French and Indian War? Comprehension Check

12   The French army continued to win battles after that.  Finally the British King (King of England) sent another army to the colonies.  The British began to take away the French forts in the Ohio Valley.  However the British did not want the French to strengthen themselves and come back fighting.  They knew that if they let them stay in the Canada area that this would happen. Victory as Last

13   The British scaled the huge cliff that protected Quebec from outside forces during the night.  The French were surprised by the attack.  Though they fought, they eventually had to surrender and the British claimed Quebec as well.  The British won the war! Attacking Quebec

14   It showed that the British were more important in North America.  It gave them experience in fighting which they would need for the American Revolution.  George Washington became a great hero to the people of the 13 colonies. Soon they would begin to think of him as their leader.  More colonist began moving into the Ohio Valley. American now had more room to grow. Importance of the War

15  Directions: Answer the questions using your notes. Work alone and turn in when you are finished.  What did France call its land in the New World?  What was the first settlement in New France?  What did France build to strengthen their claims in New France?  Did the Indians help the British or the French during the French and Indian War? Questions

16   When was the French and Indian War fought?  To what French fort did George Washington take a message from the governor of Virginia?  Why did the British almost lose the war?  Who won the French and Indian War?  What were the important results of the French and Indian War? Questions


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