Presentation on theme: "The French and Indian War (Seven Year’s War)"— Presentation transcript:
1 The French and Indian War (Seven Year’s War) Chapter 4, Section 1
2 Causes of WarRivalry between British and French for claims in North AmericaBritish build settlements along eastern sea coast, cleared land for farming and townsFrench explored further inland and claimed a vast region from Appalachian Mountains to Rocky Mountains, established forts to protect interest and had better relations with Native AmericansBeginning in 1600’s Britain and France were often at war with each other in Europe and their colonists would fight in AmericaBritain and France both had claims to the Ohio River ValleyThe spark: George Washington and his men build Fort Neccessity in the Ohio River Valley, the French quickly surround the fort and British are forced to surrender.
3 Area of Dispute: Ohio River Valley Native Americans had lived in this region for a very long time. In the 1750s from 3,000 to 4,000 Native Americans lived here.French and the British claimed this region.French claimed the region because it was an important link between French land in Canada and Louisiana.British claimed the region because it offered an area for growth and trade.
4 Strengthening TiesThe American colonists meet in Albany, New York to draw up a plan of unifying the colonies’ war efforts and to strengthen ties with the Iroquois LeagueThe Albany Plan of Union called for a grand council of delegates from each colony elected by legislatures and council President appointed by the KingColonies reject Albany Plan of Union because they were unwilling to surrender that much control and power to a central authority
5 Early British DefeatsBritish lose many battles at first despite the French being outnumberedNatives tended to ally themselves with the FrenchFrench won early control of the Ohio River Valley because they used guerilla tacticsBritish soldiers had been trained to fight in straight lines and this was no match for the guerilla tactics that the French and the Natives used
6 British win the WarWilliam Pitt becomes Prime Minister (highest Parliamentary Official) in Britain. Fearing that Britain could lose its empire, he raised taxes and borrowed huge sums of money to help fight the warThe increase in money paid off as better-prepared and better-led British troops began to overwhelm the French and Indian forcesMore victories put the French on the defensive.The Iroquois switch sides to the British as they determined that the French could not win the war. They begin actively aiding the British forces.The British capture the capital of New France, Quebec after using a siege tactic (a war tactic used when enemy forces are trapped in their position and starved into surrendering).
7 The Treaty of Paris Formally ends the war in 1763. France, Britain and Spain (France’s ally) were presentFrance turns over all claims to land east of the Mississippi RiverSpain controls city of New OrleansBritish return Cuba to Spain in return for Florida
8 Changing OpinionsRelations between British and Americans were strained after the French and Indian WarBritish thought the colonists did not provide enough support for the long and costly war that was fought to protect themAmericans were shocked at how weak the British military was and wanted to be led by colonial officersMany colonists lost respect for British military powerMany colonists also began to believe that the British did not share the same values as Americans or treated with respectAmericans believed they should be allowed to expand westward (west of Appalachians) without the help of the British