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The French and Indian War. TERRITORY BEFORE THE WAR.

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Presentation on theme: "The French and Indian War. TERRITORY BEFORE THE WAR."— Presentation transcript:

1 The French and Indian War

2 TERRITORY BEFORE THE WAR

3 TERRITORY AFTER THE WAR

4 Who was involved?  The war was between France and England.  The French were outnumbered, so they used their Native American allies.

5 Why was there a war?  The French wanted to expand their fur trading into the Ohio River Valley.  The English colonists were trying to settle in the Ohio River Valley.

6 Why was there a war?  There was a dispute over who owned the territory.  Both sides thought the other was pushing into territory they owned.

7 Where was the war fought?  The war was fought along the frontiers of The French settlements and the English colonies.  From the Virginia colony to French Nova Scotia (Canada).

8 When was the war?  The war lasted from 1754 to  In England it was called the Seven Years War…..  The war actually lasted nine years.

9 Important dates  1753: The Virginia colony sent George Washington to tell the French to leave the Ohio River Valley and the French said no.

10 Important dates  April 1754: France took over a half built English fort. They finish it and call it Fort Duquesne.

11 Important Dates  July 1754: Washington went to finish and protect the fort, but it had been taken over.  He built another fort in the area and called it Fort Necessity.

12 Important dates  July 3, 1754: France Attacked Fort Necessity and Washington surrendered.  The French let Washington go back to Virginia once he surrendered.

13 The Great Expulsion  1755: The British forced the Acadian people from their homes in French Canada.

14 The Great Expulsion  The deported Acadians were to be sent to the 13 colonies and France.

15 The Great Expulsion  Most died during the voyage.  Those that didn’t die ended up in the Louisiana Territory.

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20 More Important Dates  1759: England takes Quebec (Capitol of the Canadian Territory.)  1763: England Wins and draws the Proclamation line of 1763.

21 Important Vocabulary  Albany Plan of Union: Written in1754 by Benjamin Franklin. It was a plan to unite the 13 colonies against the French.  It was not accepted and never used.

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23 Important Vocabulary  Treaty of Paris: Stated that England got all of north America east of the Mississippi River…..except New Orleans.

24 Important Vocabulary  Proclamation of 1763: Forbid colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains because it was too hard to defend against the Native Americans.

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27 OUTCOME  England gained all the land east of the Mississippi River.  England also gained Florida from Spain (France’s ally).

28 OUTCOME  Spain took control of the Louisiana Territory.  Colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. (Proclamation Line of 1763)

29 OUTCOME  England went into debt because of the war and decided to tax the colonies so they could pay back the debt.


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