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“A Christmas Carol” by Charles Dickens Dramatized by Frederick Gaines

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1 “A Christmas Carol” by Charles Dickens Dramatized by Frederick Gaines
Vocabulary and Literary Terms Power Point

2 transform (v) To change the form or appearance of
He takes some coal from the mound and puts it into a small bucket; as he carries It to a corner of the stage, the stage area is transformed from street to office. pg. 253

3 solitude (n) the state of being alone
Scrooge: Why? Why did you get married? Fred: Why, because I fell in love with a wonderful girl. Scrooge: And I with solitude. Good afternoon. Pg.254

4 destitute (n) people lacking the necessities of life
At this time of year it is more than usually desirable to make some slight provision for the poor and destitute who suffer greatly from the cold. Many thousands are in want of common necessaries; hundreds of thousands are in want of common comforts, sir pg 256

5 endeavor (v) to try Under the impression that they scarcely furnish Christian cheer of mind or body to the multitude, a few of us are endeavoring to raise a fund to buy the poor Some meat and drink and means of warmth. pg. 256

6 surplus (adj.) extra, more than is needed
“If they would rather die, they had better do it and decrease the surplus population.” P. 256

7 emerge (v) To come into sight
The little girl emerges from the shadows. P. 257

8 reassurance (n) A restoring of confidence
The root word -assure means to make safe or convince. The prefix –re means again and again

9 incoherent (adj.) without connection or harmony, not clear
The bell sounds grow to a din, incoherent as in a dream, then suddenly fall silent. p.256 The root -cohere means “forms a whole, be logical” The prefix –in means not

10 summon (v) To call for or send for with authority or urgency,
to order to come or appear Scrooge sits up in bed, listens, and hears the chains of Marley coming up the stairs. Scrooge reaches for the bell pull to summon Sparsit. P. 259

11 (n) well-being welfare
At this point in the story, Scrooge was just visited by Marley. Marley warned Scrooge that if he didn’t change his life, he would be forced to spend eternity burdened by chains and guilt. Scrooge: Why are you here? First Spirit: Your welfare. Rise. Walk with me.

12 charitable (adj) generous in giving
Bob Cratchit: I only know one thing on Christmas: that one must be charitable. Mrs. Cratchit: I’ll drink to his health for your sake and the day’s, not for his. The root word is charity = generous in giving money The suffix able = able to

13 finale (n) The concluding or ending part
The lights come up for the finale at Fred’s house. Root wood – final means end

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