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Terra Australis by Lachie H.. Contents  First Australians(5 slides)  Aboriginal culture(3 slides)  18 th Century England(2 slides)  The First Fleet(2.

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Presentation on theme: "Terra Australis by Lachie H.. Contents  First Australians(5 slides)  Aboriginal culture(3 slides)  18 th Century England(2 slides)  The First Fleet(2."— Presentation transcript:

1 Terra Australis by Lachie H.

2 Contents  First Australians(5 slides)  Aboriginal culture(3 slides)  18 th Century England(2 slides)  The First Fleet(2 slides)  Bound for Botany Bay(2 slides)

3 First Australians The first humans on Australia were the Aborigines. They arrived here around 40,000 years before us. They hunted animals like koalas, kangaroos, possums(they also wore them for clothes), snakes, wombats and goannas. Aborigines also had lots of dreamtime stories example the rainbow serpent. They also had cultural dances. They also got hollowed out trees to cut in half so then they could put things like berries in them. They had bark canoes and they had bowls to carry water in. Aborigines had 700 different languages. Aborigines also got hollowed out trees to make a didgeridoos. They used kangaroo muscle for string. In the winter they will use the muscle and tie possum fur to make a blanket to keep themselves warm. In the dry season they would wear possum fur so then the warm part was on the outside and then in the wet season they would wear the warm part in the inside. Aboriginals found rocks and made ochre and then they would paint themselves for dances and special occasions. There huts are also made of bark. They have lots of ways to treat people like to treat snake bites you would suck the poison out and spit. Aborigines had lots of ways to make fires we would just put some paper on some logs and then light it on fire. They will rub a stick into a stick that has a little hole until a bit of smoke then you would blow then you would put some leaves on it and that’s how you make a fire the aboriginal way.

4 First Australians Aborigines are what we call the black people aboriginals and they don’t wear any shoes. The word "aboriginal" means "the first“ or "earliest known". The word was first used in Italy and Greece. Aboriginals wore lots of things on there heads like Animal teeth. Aboriginals didn’t move from there area because they didn’t have cars or any transport except their feet. These are some animal names badagarang eastern grey kangaroo, banggarai swamp wallaby, bugul, wurra mouse, rat, burumin possum, dingu dingo, djubi sugar glider, ganimung Gaimard's rat-kangaroo, wumbat wombat, mirrin brown marsupial mouse,wanyuwa horse, wirambi bat, Wulaba the rock wallaby, marriyagang the tiger Cat and wiring female animals.

5 First Australians These are some reptile names. These are fish and sea life.. bayagin leaf-tailed gecko daningdeath adder gan reptiles (snake, goanna or lizard) malya, diamond python ngarrang bearded dragon wirragadarbandy-bandy badangiSydney rock oyster baludarrileather-jacket barungyellowtail kingfish baruwaluwudolphin burraeel dainyamud oyster dalgalmussel daringyanstingray

6 First Australians These are some more names. gadyanSydney cockle gagunitoadfish garuma.black bream gawurawhale ginari sshovel-nosed ray guruwingrey nurse shark magurafish marumarazebra fish walamaisnapper walumilPort Jackson shark waragalmackerel yaxacrab burumarribrown gum buruwanrock lily daguba creek - brush cherry dainunPort Jackson fig daranggaracabbage tree diramutree djirangleaf djuraduralang bark used to make fishing lines gadigabudyariChristmas bell galungrasstree stem gurgi bracken fern root ganugan vegetable (edible) midinyyam gulgadyagrasstree binit tawny frogmouth binyangbird bubuk boobook owl bumingredbill bundahawk bunyarinarin masked lapwing burumurring wedge- tailed eagle diamuldiamul whistling kite dyaramak sacred kingfisher dyuralyabrolga gabanegg

7 First Australians garadiglossy black cockatoo garrangabumarripelican garrawisulphur-crested cockatoo girra~girraseagull gugurrukblack-shouldered kite gulinarufous night heron gulungagared-browed finch gumaking parrot guriyalparrot, parrakeet

8 Aboriginal Culture This aboriginal type artwork is about a kangaroo trying to sneak between two camps without being seen.

9 Aboriginal culture the origin of water Prediction: I think aborigines believe that the rainbow serpent slid through the area and it made dents and then when he hit a rock he cried. That made water. Summarise: One day a blue tongue lizard called Bangarra was drying himself and then the bandicoot called gudjilla spotted him drying him self. They were annoyed because there was NO water at all. All the animals had a meeting and they sent animals to spy on him but it didn’t work. Gula the rat said that he’d do it but they said he was to small. He felt really hurt so he went to try and do it and he scared him off they found the spring under the rock and the willy wag tail bird made rivers, valleys and lakes all the way to the sea. Feelings: I think the all the animals felt really bad when they found out that the blue tongue lizard had water and he wouldn’t tell them were it is. I also think that the rat would feel pretty hurt because they wouldn’t let him try do find the water. I think the animals would feel pretty good that they found the water.

10 Aboriginal culture the origin of water Questions: Why didn’t they have the water? Why did the rat run away and where? Moral: Little things make big differences.

11 18 th Century England In 18 th century England you got hanged or you went to a orphanage for stealing or for committing a crime, the food is like water with a few vegetables in it, most people are poor and have no money or houses. They had no medicine so if you got sick you’d die. In the 18th century England the gaols started to get full so people were sent to find land and they found Australia and thousands of convicts were sent here to do work like to build new gaols and to help people on farms and become slaves. In the 18 th Century England there were lots of Inventions so lots of people lost there jobs in the country so people started to move to the city but then there were no more jobs in the city either so they got poor so they started stealing. In the 18 th Century England you were put on a ship called the hulk while you were waiting so then you could be transported to Australia. The cells in the ships and the hulk are full of rats and its best to get a top cell. In the city back at England it smelled horrible because people threw their sewage out the window.

12 If you are a convict in the 18 th Century England you're life will be a disgrace because people will throw things at you and you’re hands will be burned off and you will be chained to the walls.

13 The First Fleet Between 1788 and 1850 the English sent over 162,000 convicts to Australia in 806 ships. The first eleven of these ships are today known as the First Fleet and contained the convicts and marines. The word Fleet means Boats so the first fleet is actually means the first 11 boats. The names of the first fleet ships were the Alexander(452 tonnes), the Borrowdale(272 tonnes), the Charlotte(354 tonnes), the fishburn(378 tonnes), the friendship(278 tonnes), the Golden Grove(331 tonnes), the lady Penrhyn(338 tonnes), the Prince of wales(333 tonnes), the scarborough(418 tonnes), H.M.S Sirius carring 14 guns and the H.M.S Supply carrying 8 guns and a additional supplies. The first fleet arrived in botany bay. Captain James cook discovered the East coast of new south wales. James named Australia New Holland in The first fleet arrived 8 years later. The first fleet was commanded by captain Arthur Phillip. They arrived at botany bay of the 20 th of January. Captain cook travelled with a goat. Captain cooks boat was the endeavour. There were 780 convicts sent to Australia on the First fleet.The ships carried either female convicts, male convicts, both male and female convicts and supplys. The first fleet sailed from Portsmouth England. At the 3 rd of June they stopped at Tenerife in the canary islands. They stayed for a week and got fresh food. They moved on and crossed the equator on the 5 th of June The next stop they arrived at Rio de Janeiro, stayed for a month repairing sails, collecting plants and seeds to be grown in New South Wales.

14 The First Fleet The next stop was at Table Bay (now CapeTown), Cape of Good Hope after surviving tremendous storms in the Atlantic Ocean. Stayed a month, and took on livestock (horses, sheep, goats). On the 25 th of December they were in the middle of the Indian ocean. On the first of January1788 they arrived at Tasmania. In 17 days they arrived at Botany Bay. The members of the First Fleet went ashore at Port Jackson to start a settlement. Arthur Phillip named the place of landing Sydney Cove, after Lord Sydney, an official who had helped to organise the voyage.

15 Bound for Botany Bay#1 Who is singing this song? The convicts are singing it. Why are they singing it? They are singing it because they are getting sent there. Why are they singing Farwell to old England? Because they think that they are going there forever. Where were they going and why? They were going to Australia and they are being sent from England. They were going there because there gaols were getting full in England.

16 Bound for Botany Bay#2


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