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By Andrew G 953/2012/art.html.

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2 By Andrew G 953/2012/art.html

3 ContentsContents First Australians Aboriginal Culture The Origen Of Water 18 th Century England The First Fleet Bound For Botany Bay

4 First Australians The first Australians on Australia were the Aboriginals. They were dark skinned people. They arrived here around about 50,000 years ago, before Australia was separated from the other countries. At this time it is believed that they must have made their final journey here by raft or canoe. There were about 300,000 Aboriginals and 250 tribes. edu.au/inquiry/

5 Aboriginal Culture Some Aborigines were good hunters. They moved from place to place. They hunted animals using spears and boomerangs. They also gathered fruits and nuts which they ate. They painted stuff representing what happened back then. Australia's Aboriginal culture probably represents the oldest surviving culture in the world, with the use of stone tools. They wore animal skins as clothes and animal teeth as jewellery. They lived in huts made of sticks, wood, grass and leaves. ter.com.au/100617WEA U/17.jpg

6 My Aboriginal Art My Aboriginal Art represents 2 men running to their camp site at night when there is a fire.

7 Aboriginal Culture The Origin Of Water Aboriginal Culture The Origin Of Water Predict: I predict that the rainbow serpent ate someone and he spewed out water. Predict: I predict that the rainbow serpent ate someone and he spewed out water. Summaries: Once upon a time there were animals that got really thirsty and they chewed culbirra to drink. One day they saw Bangarra the blue tongue lizard drying himself and the other animals were really upset, because they thought he had water. Gudjilla followed Bangarra but he could always see him, so Jiggirrjigirr set out to follow Bangarra, but when he went to hide his tail kept on wagging. Then Gula said he could do it because he was the smallest but every one just laughed at him then Gulbirra said I will do it. Then Gula sneaked up on Bangarra. When Bangarra thought no one was following he revealed the water and Gula jumped in front of Bangarra. Then all the animals started going in to the water. Then the KingFisher went side to side making rivers and creaks. Summaries: Once upon a time there were animals that got really thirsty and they chewed culbirra to drink. One day they saw Bangarra the blue tongue lizard drying himself and the other animals were really upset, because they thought he had water. Gudjilla followed Bangarra but he could always see him, so Jiggirrjigirr set out to follow Bangarra, but when he went to hide his tail kept on wagging. Then Gula said he could do it because he was the smallest but every one just laughed at him then Gulbirra said I will do it. Then Gula sneaked up on Bangarra. When Bangarra thought no one was following he revealed the water and Gula jumped in front of Bangarra. Then all the animals started going in to the water. Then the KingFisher went side to side making rivers and creaks.

8 This art is about the rat finding out where the water is. Visualize Aboriginal Culture The Origin Of Water

9 18 th Century England Captain James Cook was a magnificent explorer. He undertook three voyages of discovery. The new lands he crossed added a third of the world to the map. He used the HMS Endeavour to travel on his voyages. Between 1788 and 1850 the English sent over 162,000 convicts to Australia in 806 ships. The first eleven of these ships are today known as the First Fleet and contained the convicts. The First Fleet is the name given to the eleven ships that left Great Britain, bound for Australia, on 13 May The first ship arrived at Botany Bay on 18 January The journey took between 250 and 258 days.

10 18 th Century England Here is some stuff that happened in the 18 th Century England, You got hang if you stole. People had to steal to eat so they didn’t starve to death. People might get disease and there would be no cure for some stuff. No one had that much money. If you didn’t have that much money they had to steal so they had something to eat. People that stole can be sent to Australia, and they had to do jobs for like 20 hours each day for maybe more than 7 years. Queen Anne dies

11 18 th Century England MaleFemaleChildrenTotal Convicts and their children Others Total Here is a graph that shows you how many people were convicts, and sent to Australia on the First Fleet

12 The First Fleet There were eleven ships in the First Fleet. There were six convict ships and three store ships for supplies. The ships were specially built for the long eight month voyage which had to carry prison chambers for the convicts, and also carry food and animals. The animals included sheep, goats, chickens, dogs and cats, that also needed special areas to place them. The supply ships were loaded with enough supplies for the new settlement to survive for two years, after which they would have to make use of the land, local animals, and materials. The supply ships had all sorts of things such as clothes, tools, building materials (bricks, nails, ready-cut wood), cooking equipment, plant seeds, furniture and even a portable canvas house for the governor. The ships left from Portsmouth on 13 May 1788.

13 The First Fleet My name is Stokoe and I’m a male. I stole cash that was worth 470 shillings. My partners in crime were Richard Clough and George Sharp. We were transported to Australia when I was 34 for 8 years so when I finish my years of being a convict I will be 42. I went on the ship that was called the Alexander that was disgusting. I didn’t get a lot of food and not a lot of water. I thought I was going to die. The ships were worse than prison. I just wanted to see what this strange country is like and I hope it is way better than this.

14 Voyage of The First Fleet Rio de Janeiro Portsmouth, England. Tenerife at Canary Islands. Equator Table Bay (now known as Cape Town) Adventure Bay, Van Diemen's Land (now known as Tasmania) Botany Bay Port Jackson Indian Ocean

15 The First Fleet 3 June 1787 : arrived at Tenerife in the Canary Islands. Stayed a week and took some supplies of fresh food 5 July 1787: crossed the Equator 7 August 1787: arrived at Rio de Janeiro, stayed for a month repairing sails, collecting plants and seeds to be grown in New South Wales. 13 October 1787: reached Table Bay after surviving tremendous storms in the Atlantic Ocean. Stayed a month, and took on livestock (horses, sheep, goats).

16 The First Fleet 25 December 1787: the Fleet was in the middle of the Indian Ocean. 1 January 1788: Adventure Bay, Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) 18 January 1788 : arrived at Botany Bay after sailing south of Van Diemen's Land, then north to New South Wales. It was decided that Botany Bay was not a suitable site for the settlement because water supply and soils were poor. The Fleet sailed on. 26 January 1788 : The members of the First Fleet went ashore at Port Jackson to start a new settlement

17 Bound For Botany Bay Botany Bay is located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. On 29 April 1770, Botany Bay was the site of Caption James Cook's first landing of the HMS Endeavour on the continent of Australia, after his extensive navigation of New Zealand. Later the British planned Botany Bay as the site for a penal colony. Out of these plans came the first European habitation of Australia at Sydney Cove. The land Botany Bay was occupied for many thousands of years by the Tharawal and Eora Aboriginal peoples and their associated clans. They used the bay as an important source of food and a place for trade.

18 Bound For Botany Bay Q.A Who is singing this song? A convict that was sent to Botany Bay for life. Why are they singing it? They probably sang the song to express his/hers feelings Why are they saying ‘farewell to Old England?’ Because they were leaving England forever because they are going to Botany Bay for life because he/her stole Where were they going? Why? They were going to Australia probably because he/her stole. w.gov.au/exhibition/objectsthrou ghtime-history/ott1788 /


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