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Mental and Emotional Problems

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Presentation on theme: "Mental and Emotional Problems"— Presentation transcript:

1 Mental and Emotional Problems
Chapter 5 Mental and Emotional Problems

2 Lesson 1 Dealing with Anxiety and Depression

3 Understanding Anxiety
Difficult emotions occur for a variety of reasons: hormonal changes, relationship issues, grief or stress A common feeling to these emotions is anxiety- the conditions of feeling uneasy or worried about what may happen Its common to feel a brief feeling of worry, insecurity, fear, self-consciousness or even panic when responding to stress. Once the stressful situation passes, so does the anxiety.

4 Coping with Anxiety Substances such as alcohol and drugs may be used to escape anxiety These substances produce a temporary, false sense of relaxation but also causes problems to all areas of the health triangle as well as legal problems

5 Understanding Depression
A prolonged feeling of helplessness, hopelessness, and sadness Depression lasts longer then sadness and will produce symptoms that do not go away over time Depression may require medical help 15% of teens will display some signs of depression Types of Depression: Major Depression, Mild Depression and Adjustment Disorder

6 Warning Signs of Depression
5 or more of these symptoms must persist for 2 or more weeks before a diagnosis of major depression is indicated: Persistent sad or irritable mood Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed Significant change in appetite or body weight Difficulty sleeping or oversleeping Physical signs of nervousness Loss of energy Feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt Difficulty concentrating Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide

7 Causes and Effects of Depression
Changes in thinking: trouble concentrating and making decisions, self-destructive thoughts Changes in feelings: may experience apathy- lack of strong feeling, interest or concern, may not feel pleasure in things they once enjoyed, may be sad, irritable and angry Changes in behavior: may become emotional, may eat too little or too much, may have trouble sleeping and seem tired, may neglect basic hygiene and withdraw from social situations

8 Getting Help for Depression
Depression is treatable It’s ok to break a promise to a friend if they said they have depression and tell someone about it Seek help from a professional Treating depression takes time, persistence and patience

9 Homework Page 117# 6 and 7

10 Lesson 2 Mental Disorders

11 Understanding Mental Disorders
Illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful and productive life Some do not seek treatment if they are embarrassed or ashamed Others worry about the stigma (mark of shame or disapproval that results in an individual being shunned or rejected by others) associated with mental disorders Some problems can’t be solved without professional help

12 Types of Mental Disorders
Anxiety Disorders: condition in which real or imagined fears are difficult to control Most common among children and teens 13% of children between 9 and 17 experience a disorder each year Examples: Phobia Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Panic Disorder Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder

13 Impulse Control Disorders
Can’t resist the urge to hurt themselves or others May begin in childhood or teen years and can continue to adulthood May cause physical harm to themselves or others May cause financial harm May behave in ways that cause them to lose friends Examples: Kleptomania Cutting Excessive Gambling Compulsive Shopping

14 Eating Disorders Commonly occur during teen years
Teens put pressure on themselves to look a certain way Teens may develop symptoms of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa or binge eating disorder More common in girls

15 Mood Disorders An illness that involves mood extremes that interfere with everyday living More severe then normal highs and lows Examples: Depression Bipolar Disorder (manic depressive disorder)

16 Conduct Disorder Patterns of behavior in which the rights of others or basic social rules that are violated Examples: stealing, cruelty, lying, aggression, violence, truancy, arson, and vandalism

17 Schizophrenia Person loses contact with reality
Affects 1% of population Symptoms: Delusions Hallucinations Thought disorders

18 Personality Disorders
Teens with personality disorders are unable to regulate their emotions May feel distressed in social situations May behave in ways that are distressing to others Cause is unknown

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