Presentation on theme: "Mental Disorders An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person’s ability to function, to adjust to change, or to get along with others."— Presentation transcript:
1 Mental DisordersAn illness that affects the mind and reduces a person’s ability to function, to adjust to change, or to get along with others.
2 Causes of Mental Disorders Physical Factors- Damage to the brain-growth or tumor-prolonged use of drugs or alcohol.Heredity- Disorders may be inherited.Early childhood experiences- ex; a child who is neglected or abused.Recent experiences- ex; death of a loved one.
3 Anxiety DisordersGeneralized Anxiety Disorder- intense worry, fears, restlessness, fatigue, trouble falling asleep, and trouble concentrating.Phobias- anxiety associated to a specific situation or object.Panic Attacks- fast heart rate, rapid breathing, sweating, trembling or shaking etc.
4 Anxieties cont.Obsessive compulsive Disorder (OCD)- an unwanted thought or image takes control of the mind and the person has unreasonable need to behave in a certain way to prevent feared outcome.Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder- Survivors of life-threatening events-flashbacks, nightmares-produce intense fear or horror.
5 Other Mental Disorders Mood Disorders- experience extreme emotions-ex; bipolar disorder also called manic-depressive disorder-overly excited and restless-periods of deep depression.Schizophrenia-severe disturbances in thinking, mood, awareness and behavior- means “Split mind”. Hear voices and often talk to themselves.
6 Depression & SuicideClinical Depression- Mood disorder- characterized by feeling sad or hopeless for months maybe longer.Risk Factors-A parent or other close biological relative with a mood disorderA major life change or a prolonged stressful situationBeing a victim of a violent crime or witnessing violenceA previous bout with depressionA sense of hopelessness
7 Signs of Clinical Depression Change in appetite, significant weight loss or gainChange in sleep patterns, difficulty sleeping or sleeping too muchChange in activity level; sluggish (slow) or frantic (fast-paced)Loss of interest in usual activitiesLoss of energy; always tiredHopelessness; excessive guiltDifficulty thinking or concentratingRepeated thoughts of death and suicide
8 Depression Cont. Treatment Medication Learn new strategies to cope with problems
9 Eating DisordersAn eating disorder is a mental disorder that reveals itself through abnormal behaviors related to food.Anorexia Nervosa- Extreme weight loss, slowed heart and breathing rates, dry skin, lowered body temperature, menstrual period problems.Possible causes- Lack of a chemical that regulates mood, low self-esteem, strong desire to please someone.Most often it’s a matter of control!
10 Eating DisordersBulimia- uncontrolled eating binges followed by purging.Health Risks- dehydration, kidney damage, lack of necessary vitamins and minerals, acid in vomit irritates throat and erodes enamel on teeth, depression and possible suicide.Possible Causes- Use of food to feel better emotionally.
11 Eating DisordersBinge Eating Disorder- Uncontrollable urge to eat large amounts of food- Ex; intend to eat 1-2 slices of bread and they eat the entire loaf!Health Risks- Excess weight, unhealthy dieting, diabetes, high blood pressure, tendency to turn to extreme diets.Possible Causes- avoid difficult emotions, such as anger or stressful situations.