2 1. Define the term Mental Disorder A mental disorder is an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person.Preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful and productive life.
3 2a. Approximately what percentage of the U. S 2a. Approximately what percentage of the U.S. population is affected by some form of mental disorder each year?About 20% of our population each year.
4 2b. Of the children and adolescents who suffer from mental health problems, what fraction receive the help they need?One-third
5 3. What distinguishes mental disorders that are classified as organic disorders from those classified as functional disorders?Organic disorders is caused by a physical illness or an injury that affects the brain.A functional disorder has a psychological cause and does not involve brain damage
6 4a. List two possible causes of organic disorders Brain tumorInfectionChemical imbalanceExposure to drugs and toxinsInjuries
7 4b. List two possible causes of functional disorders (8) HeredityStressEmotional conflictFearIneffective coping skillsDisturbing events in childhood such as illness or abuseDeath of a close relativeRecent events such as divorce, economic hardships or natural disasters.
8 5. Define the term anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorder is a condition in which real or imagined fears are difficult to control.
9 6a. List 4 main types of anxiety disorders and describe them. PhobiasObsessive-compulsive disordersPanic disordersPost-traumatic stress disorders
10 6b. PhobiasInvolve a strong, irrational fear of something specific.
11 6b. Obsessive-compulsive disorders Involve patterns of repeated thoughts or behaviors.
12 6c. Panic disordersInvolve sudden, unexplained feelings of terror.
13 6d. Post-traumatic stress disorders Develop after exposure to a terrifying event.
14 7. Define the term mood disorder. A mood disorder is an illness, often with an organic cause, that involves mood extremes that interfere with everyday living.
15 8. List two types of mood disorders. Clinical depressionBipolar or Manic-depressive
16 9. Describe how clinical depression differs from the blues. The blues pass but for people with clinical depression, the feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or despair last for more than a few weeks and interfere with daily interests and activities.
18 11. What are conduct disorders and give examples (a) A conduct disorder is a pattern of behavior in which the rights of others or basic social rules are violated.(b) Anyone lying, theft, aggression, violence, truancy, fire setting, vandalism.
19 12. What is schizophrenia?Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder in which a person loses contact with reality.The person has difficulty understanding the difference between real and imagined events.Symptoms include: hearing voices, delusions of grander, paranoia, generally begins in year olds
20 13. List four ways you can help defeat the social stigma of mental illness. Use respectful language when referring to a person with a mental disorder.Emphasize abilities over limitations.Express disapproval if someone shows disrespect or inconsideration towards people with mental disorders.Encourage people who have emotional problems to seek help.