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New Horizon College English How to Make a Good Impression Unit 4 : Section A.

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2 New Horizon College English How to Make a Good Impression Unit 4 : Section A

3 Part III: Exercises Part I: Pre-reading Activities Vocabulary Part II: Text Learning Text Analysis: A: Main Ideas Language Points B: Devices of Developing the Text Structure Translation Story Summary Text Structure Analysis Structured Writing Warm-up Exercises Part IV: Topic-related Further Learning Some Recommended Books, Passages and Websites.

4 Warm-up Exercises Back Some questions for you to discuss: 1.How long does it take us to judge the people we meet ? Suggested Words for discussion: to judge sb. within, to be the same with, as far as one is concerned, however, to affect

5 Warm-up Exercises Back Some questions for you to discuss: 2. What is one way you can have a positive effect on other people? Suggested Words for discussion: have a positive effect, unspoken languages, eye contacts, facial expressions, body movements, by doing so, communicating with, be sincere, gesture

6 Warm-up Exercises Back Some questions for you to discuss: 3. What is the key to being the best person you can be? Suggested Words for discussion: in one’s opinion, the key to being the best person, in perspective, strong and weak points, to grow more and more into a fullness of one’s own, to think as much of others as of oneself, to create a peaceful climate, mutual learning, cooperate with

7 Text Analysis: A: Main Ideas Back Main idea: When people want to make a good impression, the following advice can be of some help: you are the message; be yourself; use your eyes; and lighten up.

8 Text Analysis: Devices of Developing Back Devices for developing : Details 设问法 举例法 列举法

9 Text Analysis: Devices of Developing Back Devices for developing : Listing ( 列举法 ) The writer successfully presents the readers the ideas through the devices of listing: 1) He gives his four pieces of advice on “How to Make a Good Impression” by listing and expounding one after another: You are the message. (Para.3) Be yourself. (Para. 6) Use your eyes. (Para.10) Lighten up. (Para. 12)

10 Text Analysis: Devices of Developing Back 2) The writer supports his general statements very effectively through a list of examples, without having to go into details about them. Example 1: (His idea: We make up our minds about people within seven seconds of meeting them.) Think about some of your most unforgettable meetings: an introduction to your future spouse, a job interview, an encounter with a stranger. Focus on the first seven seconds. What did you feel and think? (L.5-6)

11 Text Analysis: Devices of Developing Back Example 2 (His idea: ?)(Para. 4) Your good qualities include:? (Para. 4) Example 2 (His idea: Others will want to be with you and help you if you use your good qualities.) Your good qualities include: physical appearance, energy, rate of speech, pitch and tone of voice, gestures, expression through the eyes, and the ability to hold the interest of others. (Para. 4)

12 Text Analysis: Devices of Developing Back Devices for developing : Questioning (设问法) The writer presents and expounds his ideas by asking a list of questions, thus arousing an active echo in the reader’s mind, and then bringing the reader round to his ways of thinking. Part I Part IIPart III Title

13 Text Analysis: Devices of Developing Back How to Make a Good Impression The Title: Part I: Focus on the first seven seconds. What did you feel and think? How did you “read” the other person? How do you think he read you? (Para. 2)

14 Text Analysis: Devices of Developing Back Part II: Part III: Take a good look at yourself.Do you say “I”too often?Are you usually focused on your own problems?Do you complain frequently?If you answered yes to even one of these questions,you need to lighten up.(Para.15)Take a good look at yourself.Do you say “I”too often?Are you usually focused on your own problems?Do you complain frequently?If you answered yes to even one of these questions,you need to lighten up.(Para.15) Take a good look at yourself. Do you say “I” too often? Are you usually focused on your own problems? Do you complain frequently? If you answered yes to even one of these questions, you need to lighten up. (Para. 15) Think of times when you know you made a good impression. What made you successful? (Para. 5)

15 Text Analysis: Devices of Developing Back Devices for developing : Exemplification ( 举例法 ) Exemplification is applied to make the author’s advice or opinion more authentic and persuasive. And it is employed in the second part of the article as follows: For 25 years I’ve worked with thousands who want to be successful. I’ve helped them make persuasive presentations, answer unfriendly questions, communicate more effectively. The secret has always been you are the message. (Para.3)

16 Text Analysis: Devices of Developing Back 2) Once in a staff meeting, one of the most powerful chairmen in the entertainment industry became very angry over tiny problems, scolded each worker and enjoyed making them fear him. When he got to me, he shouted, “And you, Ailes, what are you doing?” I said, “Do you mean now, this evening or for the rest of my life?” There was a moment of silence. Then the chairman threw back his head and roared with laughter. Others laughed too. Humor broke the stress of a very uncomfortable scene. (Para.12-13)

17 Text Analysis: Research shows we make up our minds about people through unspoken communication within seven seconds of meeting them. Consciously or unconsciously, we show our true feelings with our eyes, faces, bodies and attitudes, causing a chain of reactions, ranging from comfort to fear. Research shows we make up our minds about people through unspoken communication within seven seconds of meeting themConsciously or unconsciouslywe show our true feelings with our eyes, faces, bodies and attitudes, ranging from comfort to fear. Think about some of your most unforgettable meetings: an introduction to your future spouse, a job interview, an encounter with a stranger. Focus on the first seven seconds. What did you feel and think? How did you "read" the other person? How do you think he read you? an introduction to your future spousea job interviewan encounter with a stranger. Focus on the first seven seconds. What did you feel and think? How did you "read" the other person?

18 Text Analysis: You are the message. For 25 years I've worked with thousands who want to be successful. I've helped them make persuasive presentations, answer unfriendly questions, communicate more effectively. The secret has always been you are the message. You are the messageI've helped them make persuasive presentationsThe secret has always been you are the message. Others will want to be with you and help you if you use your good qualities. They include: physical appearance, energy, rate of speech, pitch and tone of voice, gestures, expression through the eyes, and the ability to hold the interest of others. Others form an impression about you based on these.

19 Text Analysis: Think of times when you know you made a good impression. What made you successful? You were committed to what you were talking about and so absorbed in the moment, you lost all self-consciousness.You were committed to what you were talking about and so absorbed in the moment, you lost all self-consciousness. Be yourself. Many how-to books advise you to stride into a room and impress others with your qualities. They instruct you to greet them with "power handshakes" and tell you to fix your eyes on the other persons. If you follow all this advice, you’ll drive everyone crazy — including yourself. Many how-to books advise you to stride into a room and impress others with your qualitiesand tell you to fix your eyes on the other personsIf you follow all this advice, you’ll drive everyone crazy — including yourself.

20 Text Analysis: The trick is to be consistently you, at your best. The most effective people never change from one situation to another. They’re the same whether they're having a conversation, addressing their garden club or being interviewed for a job. They communicate with their whole being; the tones of their voices and their gestures match their words. The trick is to be consistently you, at your bestThe most effective people never change from one situation to another. They’re the same whether they're having a conversation, addressing their garden club or being interviewed for a job. They communicate with their whole being; the tones of their voices and their gestures match their words. Public speakers, however, often send mixed messages. My favorite is the kind who say, "Ladies and gentlemen. I'm very happy to be here" — while looking at their shoes. They don't look happy. They look angry, frightened or depressed.Public speakers, however, often send mixed messagesMy favorite is the kind who say The audience always believe what they see over what they hear. They think, "He's telling me he's happy, but he's not. He's not being honest."The audience always believe what they see over what they hear. He's not being honest."

21 Text Analysis: Use your eyes. Whether you’re talking to one person or one hundred, always remember to look at them. Some people start to say something while looking right at you, but three words into the sentence, they break eye contact and look out the window.Some people start to say something while looking right at you, but three words into the sentence, they break eye contact and look out the window As you enter a room, move your eyes comfortably; then look straight at those in the room and smile. Smiling is important. It shows you are relaxed. Some think entering a room full of people is like going into a lion's cage. I disagree. If I did agree, I certainly wouldn't look at my feet or at the ceiling. I'd keep my eyes on the lion! Smiling is important. It shows you are relaxed. I disagree. If I did agree, I certainly wouldn't look at my feet or at the ceiling. I'd keep my eyes on the lion!

22 Text Analysis: Lighten up. Once in a staff meeting, one of the most powerful chairmen in the entertainment industry became very angry over tiny problems, scolded each worker and enjoyed making them fear him. When he got to me, he shouted, "And you, Ailes, what are you doing?"scolded each worker and enjoyed making them fear him. I said, "Do you mean now, this evening or for the rest of my life?" There was a moment of silence. Then the chairman threw back his head and roared with laughter. Others laughed too. Humor broke the stress of a very uncomfortable scene.Then the chairman threw back his head and roared with laughter If I had to give advice in two words, it would be "lighten up"! You can always see people who take themselves too seriously. Usually they are either brooding or talking a great deal about themselves.You can always see people who take themselves too seriously.

23 Text Analysis: Take a good hard look at yourself. Do you say "I" too often? Are you usually focused on your own problems? Do you complain frequently? If you answered yes to even one of these questions, you need to lighten up. To make others comfortable, you have to appear comfortable yourself. Don't make any huge changes; just be yourself. You already have within you the power to make a good impression, because nobody can be you as well as you can.You already have within you the power to make a good impression, because nobody can be you as well as you can.

24 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 1.Research shows we make up our minds about people through unspoken communication within seven seconds of meeting them. ( Para. 1 ) Meaning: Research shows within the first seven seconds when we meet someone, we form our opinion about him or her through nonverbal communication. make up our minds about people: form our opinions about people The phrase “make up one’s mind” also means “decide” For example” I haven’t made up my mind where to go yet. At the age of 8 she made up her mind to become a doctor.

25 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 2. Consciously or unconsciously, we show our true feelings with our eyes, faces, bodies and attitudes, causing a chain of reactions, ranging from comfort to fear. ( Para. 1) Meaning: Whether we are aware of, or unaware of it, we use our eyes, faces, bodies and attitudes to express our feelings. This causes a sequence of various reactions from comfort to fear.

26 consciously : ad. in a way you are aware of it conscious: a. realizing sth. ; fully awake; knowing what is happening around For example: The children were conscious of their mother’s unhappiness. He was badly hurt, but he remained conscious. Text Analysis: Language Points Back 3. Consciously or unconsciously, … ( Para. 1 )

27 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 4. …we show our true feelings with our eyes, faces, bodies and attitude,… ( Para. 1 ) attitude : n. a position of the body; the way one thinks and feels about sth. Or someone For example : What is your attitude to her work? 5. … causing a chain of reactions…( Para. 1 ) The phrase “ causing a chain of reactions, ranging from comfort to fear” is an adverbial of result, used to describe the result of “show our true feelings…” a chain of events, a chain of accidents, a chain of thoughts, a chain of bad luck

28 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 6. … ranging from comfort to fear. ( Para. 1 ) The expression “ ranging from comfort to fear” means that the reactions include both of the opposites “comfort” and “fear” and anything in between. range from …to…: occur between certain limits For example: There are 80 students whose ages range from 20 to 40. Prices range from $10 to $25. range: v. put things in rows; order in a line or lines For example: He had ranged the bottles from small to large in rows against the wall. range: n. 1) a choice, or a variety For example: They can take part in a wide range of free time activities. 2) the distance over which an object can be sent or thrown; the distance over which a sound can be heard, etc. For example: We are within range of their guns.

29 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 7. … an introduction to your future spouse…( Para.2) Please notice that “ introduction” is often followed by “to”. get an introduction to a well-known professor give me an introduction to…

30 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 8. …a job interview… ( Para. 2 ) a job interview a personal interview a press interview a telephone interview

31 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 9. … an encounter with a stranger… ( Para.2 ) encounter: 1)n. a meeting with someone that happens by chance For example: My meeting with my friend in New York was not an expected encounter. An encounter between you and the man you have hurt will not serve any good purpose. 2) vt. meet or have to deal with ( sth. bad, esp. a danger or difficulty) For example: The President was unwilling to encounter his judges. Even if he encounters a tiger his thinking ability usually enables him to kill the animal successfullu.

32 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 10. Focus on the first seven seconds. What did you think and feel? How did you “read” the other person? ( Para. 2) Meaning: Pay special attention to the first seven seconds. What did you feel and think? How did you understand the information about the other person? focus on: pay attention to ; have as its main point of interest For example: We must focus on our sales force as the chief means of improving trade. This year our meeting focus on the question of children’s rights.

33 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 11. You are the message. ( Para. 3 ) Meaning: Your eye, face, body, and attitudes-the whole you sends the information about you to others. 12. I’ve helped them make persuasive presentations,…( Para. 3) make a presentation: give a speech on sth. make an appealing presentation of the matter make a complete presentation of the present status of human knowledge of the science

34 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 13. The secret has always been you are the message. ( Para. 3) Meaning: The best way has always been you yourself give off the information about you to others. When we say that a way of behaving is “ the secret” of achieving sth., we mean it is the best way or the only way to achieve it.

35 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 14. You were committed to what you were talking about and so absorbed in the moment you lost all self- consciousness. ( Para. 5) Meaning: You were giving all your attention to what you were saying and you were so interested in it that you lost all your worries and embarrassments about what you looked like, how you behaved and what others thought of you.

36 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 15. You were committed to what you were talking about…( Para. 5 ) be committed to : spend one’s time or energy on sth. ; give attention to For example: He is very committed to the cause of language teaching. If you want to become an actor, you really have to commit yourself to it.

37 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 16. …and so absorbed in the moment you lost all self- consciousness. ( Para. 5 ) be absorbed (in) : give all one’s attention ( to ) For example: The artist was so absorbed in her work that she didn’t hear her visitor enter the room. Time passes quickly when you are absorbed in reading a good book. The structure “so+adj./adv.+(that)” is used to express “ to such a degree as to produce a particular result, causing a particular situation, etc.” for example: He was so ill ( that ) we had to send for a doctor.

38 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 17. Many how-to books advise you to stride into a room and impress others with your qualities. ( Para. 6) Meaning: Many books that offer advice on how to make a good impression tell you to walk into a room with quick, long steps and make others feel admiration and respect for your good qualities. How-to book are books offering advice. Impress sb. with sth. : feel admiration and respect for sth. For example: She’s always trying to impress people with her new clothes. The same sentence can be rewritten with “ make an impression on”: She’s always trying to make an impression on people with her new clothes.

39 Text Analysis: Language Points Back and tell you to fix your eyes on the other persons. ( Para. 6) fix one’s eye on : keep one’s eye’s on For example: All the people fixed their eyes on me, which made me feel very embarrassed.

40 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 19. If you follow all this advice, you’ll drive everyone crazy-including yourself. (Para.6) Meaning: If you act in the way the how-to books tell you, you’ll make everyone upset or annoyed, and make yourself upset and annoyed too. If you say someone or something drives or makes you crazy, you mean they make you severely annoyed or upset. For example: The endless music is driving me crazy.

41 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 20. The trick is to be consistently you, at your best. ( Para. 7) Meaning: The skilled way is that you always have your same behavior,attitude and good qualities all the time and perform as well as you are able to. The adjective form of “ consistently” is “ consistent”, meaning “always having the same opinions, standard, behaviour, attitudes, qualities, etc.” For example: He was consistent in his attitude. at one’s best: performing as well or as effectively as one is able to For example: He was never at his best early in the morning.

42 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 21. The most effective people never change from one situation to another. They’ re the same whether they’re having a conversation, addressing their garden club or being interviewed for a job. They communicate with their whole being; the tones of their voices and their gestures match their words. ( Para. 7) Meaning: The most effective people remain consistent in all situations. They act in the same way whether they’re talking with others, or they’re giving a speech to others in their garden club, or they’re being interviewed for a job. They communicate not only with their speech but also with their eyes, faces, bodies and attitudes; the tones of their voices and their gestures are consistent with their words.

43 Text Analysis: Language Points Back Addressing their garden club …( Para. 7) address: vt. Direct one’s speech to For example: The President addressed the Congress to review the past year and announced plans for the next. The Education Secretary had to address a crowd of teachers who were negative about the new changes in education.

44 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 23. They communicate with their whole being…(Para.7) communicate with: talk with others through means of For example: Deaf people communicate with sign language. communicate: v. share or exchange opinions, feelings, or information, etc. For example: You can communicate in the quickest possible way with people in many countries by .

45 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 24. Public speakers, however, often send mixed messages. ( Para. 8) Meaning: Public speakers, however, often send confusing messages, that is, what they say does not agree with what they do. speakers: persons who make a speech to a group of people. For example: Tonight’s speaker is a well-known artist.

46 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 25. My favorite is the kind who say…( Para.8) Meaning: The public speakers I like best to use as an example of their sending mixed messages are the speakers who say…

47 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 26. The audience always believe what they see over what they hear. ( Para.9) Meaning: The audience always think what they see with their own eyes is more important than what they hear, that is, seeing is believing. The word “audience” means a group of people who watch or listen to a play, concert, speech, the television, etc. For example: The audience was/were wild with joy.

48 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 27. He’s not being honest. ( Para.9) Meaning: He is, for the present time, not saying sth. honest. He is lying. “Be” is not usually used as the main verb in progressive tenses. However, you can use it in progressive tenses to describe someone’s behavior at a particular time as in the sentence. Here are some more examples: You’re being very silly. I was being very careful.

49 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 28. Some people start to say sth. while looking right at you, but three words into the sentence, they break eye contact and look out the window. ( Para. 10) Meaning: Some people look at only when they begin to say sth. but very soon they begin to look somewhere else.

50 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 29. Smiling is important. It shows you are relaxed. (Para.11) Meaning: Smiling is important. It shows you feel calm or not worried. relaxed: a. becoming less worried or tense For example: You’ll feel relaxed after you take a hot bath.

51 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 30. I disagree. If I did agree, I certainly wouldn’t look at my feet or at the ceiling. I’d keep my eye on the lion! ( Para.11) Meaning: I don’t agree that entering a room full of people is like going into a lion’s cage. Suppose I agree with such a thought, I would not look at my feet or at the ceiling but look carefully at the lion to make sure it would not kill me because the lion was most dangerous. Notice the emphatic use of “did” in “If I did agree…”. Here is another example of the use of “did” for added stress: He did tell me about it. In the present tense, “do” or “does” is used: I do feel sorry for him. Also in the sentence, please note the use of the “if” clause to talk about unreal situations. For example: If he started it now, he would not finish it in time.

52 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 31. … scolded each worker and enjoyed making them fear me. ( Para.12) “Enjoy” can’t be used without an object. When we talk about having fun, having a nice time in general, we can either say “enjoy doing sth.” or “enjoy oneself”. For example: I don’t enjoy traveling very much. Well, have a good holiday, Enjoy yourself, and don’t do anything that you wouldn’t do.

53 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 32. Then the chairman threw back his head and roared with laughter. ( Para. 13) Meaning: Then the chairman suddenly moved his head back and laughed in a very loud, deep way. roar: vi. Make a loud, deep sound For example: The wild animal roared in the woods. The chairman roared with anger when he heard the bad news.

54 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 33. You can always see people who take themselves too seriously. ( Para. 14) Meaning: You can always find people who believe they themselves are important, should be given attention and are humorless. If you take someone or sth. seriously, you believe that they are important and should be given attention. For example: You take everything too seriously! Relax and enjoy yourself. Don’t take him seriously. He’s always joking.

55 Text Analysis: Language Points Back 34. You already have within you the power to make a good impression, because nobody can be you as well as you can. ( Para. 15 ) Meaning: You now have the ability that exists in yourself to produce a good effect on other people, because nobody can use your good qualities as well as you can.

56 1.The students were asked to give a _____________ on communication through body language. 2. He suddenly became ___________ that he was the only man who wasn’t wearing a suit at the party. Direction: Fill in each of the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Exercises — Vocabulary P.79 reaction range encounter presentation impress consistent depress conscious presentation conscious

57 3. He became severely ___________ when his wife died. 4. The age of students in our on-line school _________ from 20 to 40. Direction: Fill in each of the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Exercises — Vocabulary P.79 range encounterpresentation consistent depress conscious reaction impress depressed ranges

58 Direction: Fill in each of the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Exercises — Vocabulary P.79 reaction range encounterpresentation impress consistent depress conscious 5. You must be __________. If you punish Paul, you must punish Jason for doing the same thing. consistent 6. I remember that when I was a child I was very ___________ with how many toys you had. impressed

59 Direction: Fill in each of the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Exercises — Vocabulary P.79 reaction range encounterpresentation impress consistent depress conscious 7. What was her ______________ to the news when you told her about it? reaction 8. Although my chance ______________ with this famous artist was 30 years ago I still remember it very well. to encounter

60 Fill in the blanks with the expressions given below. Change the form where necessary. Exercises — Vocabulary P.80 focus on base on make up one’s mind be committed to range from…to absorbed in drive someone crazy take…seriously 1. These students _____ the cause of helping those who are not able to help themselves. are committed to

61 focus on base on make up one’s mind be committed to range from…to absorbed in drive someone crazy take…seriously Exercises — Vocabulary P Don’t joke with Linda; she _____ everything far too _____. seriously takes

62 focus on base on make up one’s mind be committed to range from…to absorbed in drive someone crazy take…seriously Exercises — Vocabulary P He was _____ his work and didn’t hear me come in. absorbed in 4. He has given up running in order to _____ the long jump. focus on

63 base on make up one’s mind be committed to range from…to absorbed in drive someone crazy take…seriously Exercises — Vocabulary P Once he _____ to do something, there was no stopping him. made up his mind 6. Would you please turn the radio down while I’m reading? The loud noise is nearly______. driving me crazy

64 focus on base on make up one’s mind be committed to range from…to absorbed in drive someone crazy take…seriously Exercises — Vocabulary P In this store, you can find a wide variety of TV sets and their prices_______ $100 _______ $1,000. range from…to 8. I feel his first impression of my boss is wrong, but I’ve got nothing to ________ it _________. base…on

65 Exercises — Structure P.80 Direction: Combine the following sentences using a V-ing structure. 1. It rained for two weeks on end and it completely flooded the village. It rained for two weeks on end, completely flooding the village.

66 Exercises — Structure P.80 Direction: Combine the following sentences using a V-ing structure. 2. As she ran to catch the school bus, Sandy thought of her older brother Bill who was away at college. Running to catch the school bus, Sandy thought of her older brother Bill who was away at college.

67 Exercises — Structure P.80 Direction: Combine the following sentences using a V-ing structure. 3. The bus arrived one hour late and this caused me to miss the beginning of the game. The bus arrived one hour late, causing me to miss the beginning of the game.

68 Exercises — Structure P.80 Direction: Combine the following sentences using a V-ing structure. 4. The Marine sat there in the dimly-lit ward. At the same time he held the old man’s hand and offered words of hope and strength. The Marine sat there in the dimly-lit ward, holding the old man’s hand and offering words of hope and strength.

69 Exercises — Structure P.80 Direction: Combine the following sentences using a V-ing structure. 5. When I realized he was too sick to tell whether or not I was his son, I guessed he really needed me. Realizing he was too sick to tell whether or not I was his son, I guessed he really needed me.

70 Exercises — Structure P.80 Direction: Combine the following sentences according to the models. Model: You were very absorbed in the moment. You lost all self-consciousness. You were so absorbed in the moment (that) you lost all self-consciousness.

71 Exercises — Structure P.80 Direction: Combine the following sentences according to the models. 1.I was very excited about going away. I couldn’t sleep. I was so excited about going away (that) I couldn’t sleep.

72 Exercises — Structure P.80 Direction: Combine the following sentences according to the models. 2. The chairman became very angry with his secretary. He decided to fire him. The chairman became so angry with his secretary (that) he decided to fire him.

73 Exercises — Structure P.80 Direction: Combine the following sentences according to the models. 3. She speaks English very well. You would think it was her native language. She speaks English so well (that) you would think it was her native language.

74 Exercises — Structure P.80 Direction: Combine the following sentences according to the models. 4. He was very much frightened. He broke eye contact and looked out the window. He was so frightened (that) he broke eye contact and looked out the window.

75 Exercises — Structure P.80 Direction: Combine the following sentences according to the models. 5. His presentation was very interesting and everyone listened very carefully. His presentation was so interesting (that) everyone listened very carefully.

76 Exercises — Translation P 不管是有意识还是无意识,人们往往用眼神、 面部表情、形体动作和态度表露真情,从 而使他人产生包括从舒适到害怕的一连串 反应。 consciously or unconsciously show true feelings range from…to … a chain of reactions Consciously or unconsciously, people show their true feelings with their eyes, faces, bodies and attitudes, causing a chain of reactions, ranging from comfort to fear.

77 Exercises — Translation P 想想你与一个陌生人的偶遇,把注意力集中 在最初的七秒钟。你当时有何感想,你是 如何 “ 解读 ” 他的呢? encounter with a stranger focus on feel and think read sb. Think of your encounter with a stranger. Focus on the first seven seconds. What did you feel and think? How did you “read” this person?

78 Exercises — Translation P 当时你全身心地投入到了自己正在谈论的事 情中,是那么专注,以至于完全没有感觉 到害羞。 to be committed to to lose all one’s self-consciousness to be absorbed (in) You were committed to what you were talking about and so absorbed in the moment that you lost all self-consciousness.

79 Exercises — Translation P 演说家常常传递着含混不清的信息,但听众 总是相信亲眼所见胜于耳闻。 to send mixed messages public speakers to believe what one sees over what one hears Public speakers often send mixed messages, but the audience believe what they see over what they hear.

80 Exercises — Translation P 如果你想给人留下好印象,其诀窍在于 始终保持一致。 to make a good impression trick to be consistently one, at one’s best If you want to make a good impression, the trick/skilled way is to be consistently you, at your best.

81 Exercises — Translation P.81 Direction: Translate the following into Chinese. Be yourself. Many how-to books advise you to stride into a room and impress others with your qualities. They instruct you to greet them with “power handshakes” and tell you to fix your eyes on the other person. If you follow all this advice, you'll drive everyone crazy — including yourself. The trick is to be consistently you, at your best. The most effective people never change from one situation to another. They're the same whether they're having a conversation, addressing their garden club or being interviewed for a job. They communicate with their whole being; the tones of their voices and their gestures match their words. Be yourself. Many how-to books advise you to stride into a room and impress others with your qualities. They instruct you to greet them with “power handshakes” and tell you to fix your eyes on the other person. If you follow all this advice, you'll drive everyone crazy — including yourself. The trick is to be consistently you, at your best. The most effective people never change from one situation to another. They're the same whether they're having a conversation, addressing their garden club or being interviewed for a job. They communicate with their whole being; the tones of their voices and their gestures match their words.

82 Exercises — Translation P.81 参考译文: 保持自我。许多指导性的书籍会建议你大步走进某一个房 间,让你的优点给别人留下深刻印象。这类书籍会教你以 “ 有 力的握手 ” 问候他人,并且告诉你的要用双眼注视对方。可你 如果遵循了所有这些建议,你会使所有的人受不了 —— 包括你 自己。 这方面的诀窍就是始终如一地保持自我,你最佳状态的自 我。给人印象最深的那些人从不随着情境的变化而改变自己。 无论是在与人交谈时,在园艺俱乐部发表演说时,还是在求职 面试中,他们的表现是一样的。他们全身心与人交流;他们的 音调、手势与他们说的话保持一致。

83 Story Summary. P 9 ________seven seconds, a chain ________ helps you start making up your mind about others you meet. You show your true feelings, consciously or _____________, ________ your eyes, face and body because you are the message. You must use your good qualities such as physical ___________, rate of speech, pitch and ________ of voice and gestures so others will cooperate with you. When you are committed to what you talk about and ________ beyond ________________, others listen to withinreaction unconsciouslythrough appearance tone absorbed self-consciousness

84 Story Summary. P 81 you. ________ the most effective people never ________, it is important to be yourself at your best and ___________ communicate with your __________ being. __________ others believe what they see ________ what they hear, use your eyes to look directly _____ others and _____ to demonstrate your ease during the exchange. You can lighten up a situation _____using humor and by ________ your true self without any huge changes in personality. You __________ can make a good impression Because change consistently whole Since before at smile bybeing certainly

85 Story Summary. P 81 since only you ______ be you. can

86 Text Structure Analysis. P 82 Direction: A paragraph of a statement supported by s list of things. In reading Passage A, the writer presents the reader his ideas about "How to Make a Good Impression" with a general statement that is supported by a list of examples. This is one of the most common ways to support an idea or an opinion, very effectively, especially for a short paragraph. The key point for this kind of structure is: 1) You have to list examples, just by naming them. It is not necessary to go into detail about the examples, as the list of examples is quite enough to support the point. 2) All the examples in the list must be supporting the point you are making.

87 Text Structure Analysis. P 82 Look at the example we selected from Paragraph 2: "Think about some of your most unforgettable meetings: an introduction to your future spouse, a job interview, an encounter with a stranger." Here the writer only mentions three kinds of meetings: an introduction to your future spouse, a job interview, an encounter with a stranger. The writer does not go into details about each of the examples mentioned as each is considered to be enough to serve the purpose for the development of the passage at that stage.

88 Text Structure Analysis. P 82 Direction: Now have a look at Para.4 and find out all the examples listed in the paragraph. Paragraph 4 Others will want to be with you and help you if you use your good qualities. They include: physical appearance, energy, rate of speech, pitch and tone of voice, gestures, expressiveness of the eyes, and the ability to hold the interest of others. Others form an impression about you based on these.

89 Text Structure Analysis. P 82 Your good qualities include: physical appearance energy rate of speech pitch and tone of voice gestures expressiveness of the eyes the ability to hold the interest of others

90 Outline: A general statement: Many different kinds of racing include almost every means of travel and physical activity. List of example: races on foot/races in vehicles/on horses/races between horses, dogs and frogs Structured Writing. P 82 Direction: Practice writing a paragraph that starts with a general statement and goes on to list several examples to support it. Look at the outline below, and at the sample paragraph based on it.

91 Detailed outline: A general statement: many kinds of sports on our university grounds List of examples: football/basketball/racing/baseball/tennis/swimming/hig h jumping/weight lifting Structured Writing. P 83 Direction: Here are some general statements from which you can choose a topic for your own paragraph. One of the topics has a detailed outline that you can follow if you like.

92 Structured Writing. P 83 For reference: Many kinds of sports occurs on our university grounds. Students can participate in sports activities like football, basketball, racing or even baseball. Our students may enjoy other sports more, such as tennis, swimming or high jumping. Students also have access to sports like weight lifting.

93 Thank You !


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