Direct Speech and Indirect Speech (II): requests and commands Unit 2 Grammar
Objective To learn and use the direct speech and the indirect speech in requests and commands.
Tom said that he didn’t like swimming. Tom said, “I don’t like swimming.” Rewrite the sentences in indirect speech.
He asks, “Do you like the book Harry Potter?” He asks me whether I like the book Harry Potter.
John said to me, “Please open the window.” John asked me to open the window.
“Make sure the door is open,” the teacher said to me. “Don’t play games in the classroom,” the monitor said to us. “Don’t smoke here, please!” she said. 下面的句子都是直接引语为祈使句， 如何把这些句子转化成间接引语呢？
直接引语为祈使句 1. 直接引语是表示命令、要求、请求的 祈使句的变化。 The hostess said to us, “Please sit down.” The hostess asked us to sit down. 转述这类祈使句时，要将祈使句的动 词原形变为带 to 的不定式，并在不定 式的前面根据句子的意思加上 tell, ask, order 等动词。
2. 如果祈使句为否定式，在不定式的前 面加 not 。 tell sb. to do sth. tell sb. not to do sth. “ Don ’ t make so much noise in class, boys and girls, ” said the teacher. The teacher told the boys and girls not to make so much noise in class.
3. 直接引语是表示建议的祈使句的变动。 He said, “ Let ’ s go to the cinema. ” He suggested going to the cinema. He suggested that we should go to the cinema. suggest doing sth. suggest that sb. should do ( 动词原形 ) sth. suggest 后面不能用不定式 suggest to do sth.
Open your books. Please open your books. Can you open your books please? Could/Would you please open your books? command request (polite) Request and command
“Open the window,” the teacher said to the students. (command) The teacher told the students to open the window. 对比下列句子。他们有什么区别呢？ “Open the window, please,” the teacher said to the students. (request) The teacher asked the students to open the window.
“Don’t open the window,” the teacher said to the students. The teacher told the students not to open the window. (command) “Don’t open the window, please,” the teacher said to the students. The teacher asked the students not to open the window. (request)
1. You want to close the door, but you cannot do it by yourself. How do you do it politely? 2. You are standing in the middle of a train carriage and you need to leave. How do you do politely? Give requests or commands according to the following situations.
3. A bear is about to approach a boy. What do you say to him to make sure that he won’t be hurt? 4. A boss wants the secretary to type a letter for him. What will he do? 5. Your father wants you to turn off the TV. What will he do?
The teacher asked us ____ so much noise. A. don’t make B. not make C. not making D. not to make Quiz I: Multiple choice
The farmer _____ me ____ ___ _____ plants in the same place year after year. 1. “Don’t grow plants in the same place year after year,” the farmer said. toldnotgrow to Quiz II: Fill in the blanks. 2. She asked the students to tidy the lab. “______ the lab, please,” she _____ to the students. Tidysaid
1. “Shut up,” she said to him. 2. “Speak louder, please,” he said to her. “Can you speak louder?” he asked her. 3. “Try the lift,” she said to her. She told him to shut up. He asked her to speak louder. She told her to try the lift. Quiz III: Change the requests and the commands into indirect speeches.
4. “Don’t wait for me,” he said to them. 5. “Stop wasting the time,” she said to him. 6. “Can you tell me a story?” the girl asked her father. He told them not to wait for him. She told him to stop wasting the time. The girl asked her father to tell her a story.
7. “Can you lend me a coat?” he asked me. 8. “Please could you come to the reception desk?” she asked him. He asked me to lend him a coat. He asked me if I could lend him a coat. She asked him to go to the reception desk. She asked him if he could go to the reception desk.