Presentation on theme: " Membership in the ___ is based on population, while membership in the ___ has equal representation."— Presentation transcript:
Membership in the ___ is based on population, while membership in the ___ has equal representation.
House of Representatives; Senate
The First Amendment to the Bill of Rights was influenced by this document written by Thomas Jefferson of Virginia.
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
The Monroe Doctrine established an imaginary boundary line around the Americas. The purpose of the line was to
ban further European colonization inside the line
How did the Kansas-Nebraska Act resolve the issue of slavery in the territories?
Popular sovereignty would be permitted in the territories.
The Compromise of 1877 accomplished THIS?
Agreement reached to allow Rep. Rutherford B. Hayes to become president
The forced journey of slaves from Africa to the New World was called
What was affirmed in the Supreme Court case of Marbury v. Madison?
The right of the Supreme Court to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional
The Missouri Compromise is described by:
Maine admitted as a free state, Missouri as a slave state, line of 36 30’ drawn through the Louisiana Territory
After the surrender at Appomattox Court House, what did Robert E. Lee encourage Southerners to do?
Admit defeat and rejoin the Union
The growth of the “cotton kingdom” resulted from
Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin
a result of Nat Turner’s rebellion
whites used their fear of rebellion to justify stricter enforcement of the Slave Codes
The founder of the influential anti- slavery newspaper, The Liberator, was
William Lloyd Garrison
Supporters of popular sovereignty believed that
residents of a territory should decide the issue of slavery
“Bloody Kansas” was the result of the the repeal of the conditions established by the Missouri Compromise
In the controversial Dred Scott decision, the Supreme Court declared that
because slaves were not citizens of the United States, they had no rights
The term “nativism” means
What anti-immigrant law was passed in the 1800s?
the Chinese Exclusion Act
The following contributed to the growth of cities:
improvements in transportation, construction of skyscrapers, large amounts of immigrants
How were immigrant children affected by the creation of a public school system?.
They were given help to assimilate into American society
The term “suffrage” refers to
the right to vote
Where were immigrants in the late Nineteenth century most likely to settle?
In large cities in the Northeast or Midwest
What balance were the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850 designed to maintain?
representation of slave and free states in Congress
During the late 1800s and early 1900s, immigration laws discriminated the most against
One of the reasons for the American victory in the American Revolutionary War was
Benjamin Franklin negotiated an alliance with France
Which Supreme Court decision rejected efforts to limit the spread of slavery?
The publication of what book inflamed anti-slavery feelings in the North?
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
The Great Awakening is best described as
a series of religious revivals
The Revolutionary War began with the
Battles of Lexington and Concord
What event formally ended slavery in the United States?
the passage of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution
Andrew Jackson’s presidency was known as the Age of
The Emancipation Proclamation, issued after the battle at Antietam
freed the slaves of all states in rebellion
The Fourteenth Amendment guaranteed
all citizens equality before the law
The purchase of the Louisiana Territory
doubled the sized of the United States.
The Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution gave male citizens the right to vote regardless of race, color, or former status as a slave. Later methods of depriving citizens of their 15 th Amendment rights included
poll taxes and literacy tests
Which state was the site of Robert E. Lee’s surrender?
The Articles of Confederation proved to be ineffective because they
created a weak national government
President Lincoln’s view of secession is best expressed by
states did not have the constitutional right to leave the Union
What was the most important result of the Mexican War?
The US gained control of a vast amount of territory in the Southwest.
The Preamble illustrates the constitutional principle that people
are the true source of political power
The first political parties in the United States were
Federalists and Democratic- Republicans
Who is associated with the abolitionist movement as an escaped slave?
Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address remarks were meant to serve as a guide for what event?
“It is our God-given right to spread our democracy and culture across the continent.”
The territories of Oregon and Florida were acquired by America after the
War of 1812
Why did seven states seceded from the Union in 1860 and 1861?
to protest the election of Abraham Lincoln as President
What was the event that actually started the Civil War?
the bombing of Ft. Sumter
Abolitionists believed that
the institution of slavery should immediately cease
The women’s suffrage movement began with the
Seneca Falls Declaration
Which region’s states seceded from the union as a result of the Election of 1860?
The chief guide for Lewis and Clark’s exploration of the Louisiana Territory was
Fifty-five delegates from twelve states convened in Philadelphia in 1787 for the Constitutional Convention, choosing ___ to preside over the convention:
He was a Northern Army general in the Civil War:
Ulysses S. Grant
Who directly influenced Abraham Lincoln to allow freed slaves to fight in the Civil War?
What were the greatest advantages for the North during the Civil War?
the large population and diversified industrial base
The Emancipation Proclamation changed the goal of the Civil War for the North to
ending the institution of slavery
What result did the Civil War have on the South?
The economy was ruined, and a large class of poor tenant farmers developed.
“Jacksonian Democracy” illustrates:
That Jackson’s presidency was a reaction against aristocracy; that power should not only be in the hands of the wealthy.
Which statement best described the relationship between Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin and slavery?
Increased cotton production necessitated an increase in the number of slaves.
Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson disagreed over the issue of
a strong vs. weak national government and the type of economy
Abraham Lincoln’s assassination impacted the South in what way?
It led the way to Radical Reconstruction, which was harsher than Lincoln’s moderate plans for Reconstruction.
Most settlement houses in the late 1800s offered poor city dwellers
In the 1890s, immigration patterns shifted dramatically with most immigrants coming from
southern and eastern Europe
What was the federal policy regarding Native (First) Americans in the 1830s?
The First Continental Congress was the first example of
the colonies coming together for a common cause
Practice called whereby successful politicians reward their supporters by appointing them to office?
The spoils system
After the Civil War who became the leading spokesman for African Americans?
American immigration patterns between 1890 and 1914 showed that most immigrants came from
southern and eastern Europe
The main purpose of the Jim Crow laws was to
discriminate against blacks in the South
Those who supported ratifying the Constitution promised to add a Bill of Rights in order to
persuade the Anti-Federalists to sign the Constitution
What document written by George Mason established the premise of basic human rights which cannot be violated by governments?
Virginia Declaration of Rights
Which statement best describes British-American relations after the French and Indian War?
The colonists began to question British authority.