Presentation on theme: "Slavery Slavery was a strong political issue in the USA. Many political and religious groups want to abolish slavery; many wanted to keep it. Led to the."— Presentation transcript:
Slavery Slavery was a strong political issue in the USA. Many political and religious groups want to abolish slavery; many wanted to keep it. Led to the Missouri Compromise of 1820. –For every slave/free territory that became a state, an opposite territory had to become a state as well. –Kept equal balance between slave and free states.
Missouri Compromise was not enough for many. Abolitionist movement grew stronger. –Wanted to abolish slavery. Groups such as the American Anti-Slavery Society grew very powerful and got involved in politics.
In 1860, abolitionist Abraham Lincoln was elected President. –Did not plan to end slavery. Southern slave states hated Lincoln. –Believed that he would take away their rights, including the right to own slaves. Southern states began to secede from the Union. –(Suh-seed) Leave and form their own country. 1861 – Civil War began.
United States of America (USA) vs. Confederate States of America (CSA). –USA – President Abraham Lincoln. General Ulysses S. Grant. –CSA – President Jefferson Davis. General Robert E. Lee. North vs. South. Blue vs. Grey. Union vs. Confederacy. Union was mostly industry, Confederacy was mostly agriculture. Civil War literally tore apart this nation.
The end of the Civil War led to the creation of three new constitutional amendments. –13 th Amendment – Slavery is outlawed. –14 th Amendment – All people born or made citizens have the same rights and have equal protection under the law. –15 th Amendment – No discrimination based on race, color, or previous status as a slave.
Reform Women in the USA began to push for suffrage. –Voting rights. Suffrage movement started by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Held the Seneca Falls Convention in Seneca Falls, NY. –Wrote a Bill of Rights of Women.