5How did Abraham Lincoln’s view of the nature of the Union differ from Robert E. Lee’s?A Lincoln believed in the preservation of the Union by force andLee did not believe in preservation by forceB Lincoln believed in individual states rights in the Union, Leedidn’tC Lincoln believed that the Union should be free and Lee didn’tD Lincoln believed that the Union should be under British rule andLee didn’t
6Lincoln believed in the preservation of the Union by force and Lee did not believe inpreservation by force
11What was one effect of the Civil War? A Confederate money increased in valueB most of the North was devastated by the warC families and friends were often pitted against eachotherD women had to fight in the war
12Families and friends were often pitted against each other.
13What were 3 motivating forces for European exploration in NorthAmerica?A exchange of goods, ideas and goldB improved ships, claimed territoriesand competition for empiresC economic, religious and competitionsfor empiresD religious, moral and economic
14economic, religious and competitions for empires
15How did West African empires impact European trade? A Ghana became powerful by controlling trade in WestAfrica.B They traded salt for gold.C They traded metals, cloth and other manufacturedgoods for gold.D They sunk all the Portuguese ships becausethey didn’t want to trade with Europe.
16They traded metals, cloth and other manufactured goods for gold.
17What were the basic weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?A Provided a common currency and a strongnational governmentB Provided for a weak national government and gaveCongress no power to tax or regulate commerceC Provided an executive and judicial branch and gave each state only one voteD It taxed the people and didn’t give them a voice in government
18Provided for a weak notional government and gave Congress no power to tax or regulate commerce.
19What were the 2 basic principles of government stated in the Constitutionof the United States and the Bill of Rights?A Separation of powers and the Virginia PlanB Separation of powers and the Judicial BranchC The 3 branches of government and theseparation of powersD Separation of powers andchecks and balances
25Favored a national bank Opposed a national bank Favored limits on What goes in the blank in comparing the differencesbetween Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson’sbeliefs?HamiltonJeffersonFavored a national bankOpposed a national bankFavored limits onstates’ powersSupported states’ powersFavored strong national government
27What does the 13th Amendment to the Constitution do? A bans slavery in the United StatesB ensures all citizens the right to voteC grants citizenship to all person born in the UnitedStatesD prevents cruelty to animals
28The 13th Amendment bans slavery in the United States.
29What do the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments have in common?A they all deal with slaveryB they all deal with citizenshipC they all deal with the right to voteD they all guarantee equal protection under the law
30They all guarantee equal protection under the law.
31The Civil Rights Act of 1866 resulted in what group of people gaining equal rights?A NorthernersB womenC African AmericansD Confederates
32African Americans gained equal rights as a result of the Civil Rights Act of 1866.
33What was one problem that resulted from the Reconstruction policies for the South?A Southern soldiers supervised the NorthB African Americans remained as slavesC African American could not hold public officeD Southern military leaders could not hold office
34Southern military leaders could not hold office.
35What new territories became part of the United States between 1801 and 1861?A Virginia, New York, Maryland and KentuckyB California, New Mexico, Colorado and UtahC California, Texas, Oregon and FloridaD Oklahoma, Texas, Missouri and Kansas
39What was an economic factor that influenced the Westward Movement?A knowledge of the Oregon and Santa Fe TrailsB population growth in the eastern statesC California Gold RushD Belief in “Manifest Destiny”
40The California Gold Rush was an economic factor that influenced the Westward Movement.
41How did the invention of the cotton gin affect the lives of Americans?A it increased the need for slave laborB it provided faster land transportationC it connected Southern plantations to NorthernindustriesD it increased the productivity of the American farmer
43Abolitionist Movement Suffrage Movement Fill in the chart below.Abolitionist MovementSuffrage MovementBelieved women were deprived of basic rightsLeaders includedboth men and womenLed by strong women
45What did the Compromise of 1850 decide? A that Maine stayed a free stateB that people decided the slavery issueC that the Southeast territories would be slave statesD that California was a free state
46The Compromise of 1850decided that California was a free state.
47What were the 4 issues that divided the nation before the Civil War?A economic, moral, spiritual, congregationalB economic, cultural, moral, constitutionalC economic, slavery, spiritual, moralD economic, cultural, slavery, constitutional