Presentation on theme: "Dr Claire Conway Careers Adviser for Researchers"— Presentation transcript:
1 Dr Claire Conway Careers Adviser for Researchers Interview WorkshopDr Claire Conway Careers Adviser for Researchers
2 ObjectivesTo have begun to identify the skills, knowledge, attributes and drivers they have used and developed during study, research and other activitiesTo enable participants to experience the interview process in a safe and supportive environmentTo allow participants to understand the interview process from both the interviewer’s and the candidate’s perspectivesTo practice interview preparation, questioning and answering techniques, and giving and receiving feedbackTo increase participants’ awareness and experience of the techniques a recruiter may use to gain information from applicants
3 The Interview Session 12.45 - introduction interviewers prepare in groups rooms, interviewees prepare in plenaryinterviews 1-5 in group roomsTea break!interviewers prepare in groups rooms, interviewees prepare in plenaryinterviews 6-10 in group roomswrap up/group review in groups rooms
4 2.50-3.05 - Tea break! A (candidates) B (recruiters) When Where What Lecture theatreIntro, logistics etcPrepare to be interviewedTutor roomPrepare to interviewBeing interviewedInterviewing candidatesTea break!A (now recruiters)B (now candidates)WhenWhereWhatTutor roomPrepare to interviewLecture theatrePrepare to be interviewedInterviewing candidatesBeing interviewed
5 Giving and receiving feedback Invite recipient to speak firstBe specificBalance positive and negative – be honest but constructiveReceiving:Ask for feedback – and be specificListen carefullyExpect positive and negativesFeedback is only data – YOU decide what to do with the feedback – what can you learn?
6 What now? A’s (Interviewees) stay here to prepare to be interviewed B’s (Interviewers) go to tutor rooms to prepare to interviewWe will swap over after the breakGOOD LUCK!!!
8 Reasons to be cheerful Your CV works You are over the biggest hurdle The employer wants to know moreYou have prepared and know your selling pointsYou have prepared answers to predictable questionsIt is a learning experience!
9 Transferable skillsA skill learnt/used in one context, which can be applied in anotherCan be acquired through study, employment, voluntary work, hobbies, sports etcExamples:Oral communications skills – teaching, team/lab meetings, presenting at conferencesTeamwork – working with other lab members, national/international collaborative projects, team sports
10 Examples of transferable skills Adaptability and flexibilityAdministrative and organisationalAnalysis and problem solvingComputer literacy / ITInstruction, teaching and supervisingKnowledge transferLanguagesManagement – finance, projects, self, timeMeeting skills (chairing)NetworkingNumeracyOral communication/presentationPeople skillsResearch (technical, literature/internet searches)Self PR – marketing yourselfWriting - technical
11 What are interviews for? To establish whether you have the competencies for the jobTo establish your knowledge, interest and motivationTo find out what you are likeTo give you an opportunity to find out more about the employer – it’s a two way process
12 Effective Interview Preparation Enables you to…Make a good first impressionPrepare for predictable questionsRespond to selector’s criteriaAnswer questions effectivelyPresent skills and experience effectivelyCope with unpredictable questionsCope with increasingly probing questions
13 You need to research… the post offered the employer your motivation your achievements and backgroundyour skills, qualities and weaknessesyour own questions
14 Occupational Knowledge Ask Yourself:What do I know about this type of work?What attracts me to this type of work?What relevant work experience have I done?What kind of training/additional skills am I hoping to gain?What have I done to find out more about this kind of work?
15 Self Knowledge Ask Yourself: Why do I want the job? Why am I a suitable candidate and what evidence do I have of this?What have I gained from my academic/employment/extra-curricular activities?What are my career ambitions/what do I want to be doing in 5years?What was my - best/worst decision, my greatest achievement?When did I - work in a team/solve a problem/use my initiative?What are my main strengths and weaknesses?The STAR method:Situation, Task, Action, ResultThink about examples, stories, situations, always have at least two examples if possible – and if you said your greatest achievement is one thing on your online application, don’t change that story in your interview!!Keep in mind the type of person they are looking for when you prepare your answers.Make sure you go over your application and know it inside out
16 Your Questions Prepare two or three in advance Avoid asking questions that you may already have been told about in the recruitment materialsRecognise that questions give away how much you knowIf you’re stuck, ask the individual interviewing you: “Why did you join? How would you describe the culture here? What do you like/dislike in your job?”If you have had all your questions answered, say soDon’t ask too many if time has run outIt demonstrates your interest, confidence and commitmentGood questions focus on your willingness to develop and take on responsibility
17 Body language: do’s and don’ts Firm handshakeEye contactSmile!Open postureRelaxed, but alertLook neat & professionalAdopt appropriate dress codeListen actively – ‘head nods’Sit in the right seatGo to the loo beforehand!DON’TLimp/clammy handshakeBring in carrier bags/clutterWear jeansLook downCross arms(?)Flop into chairWave armsStare out of windowShake with nervesAdopt a threatening posture
18 Interview Process - Sample Structure Introductions – process explained by interviewerWarm up questionsCV/application form questionsQuestions based on selection criteria – “probing”Questions from candidateSumming up – next steps
19 Sample questions Why do you want a career in this area? Which of your achievements/ideas do you feel most proud of? What was your contribution?What do you see as the most significant personal challenge for you in this career? What will you have to learn or develop to be successful?When have you had to think through a complex problem, which involved analysing data, developing options and implementing a solution (outside academic work where possible)?
20 Answering questions listen carefully and answer the question seek clarification if necessaryhave evidence to support claimstalk about your PERSONAL contributionsdescribe positive outcomesbe specificUse STAR:Situation (10%)Task (10%)Action (70%)Result (10%)
21 Preparation and positive attitude make a strong first impression: smile, strong handshake, confident body languagespeak slowly and clearlyanswer the question!Be sure of your strengths & how they apply to the jobbe succinct, but avoid yes/no answersbe interested and enthusiasticleave positively: thank the interviewer
22 After an interview…Review your performance critically - what went well or not so well?Make some notesAsk for feedbackDon’t get discouraged – treat each interview as a chance to develop skillsGood luck and have fun!