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How to take notes in this presentation Mme ChabotStudents.

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Presentation on theme: "How to take notes in this presentation Mme ChabotStudents."— Presentation transcript:

1 How to take notes in this presentation Mme ChabotStudents

2 Les verbes!

3 Discuss the following in groups of 3 or 4: What is a verb? Are there different kinds of verbs? If so, what makes them different? What role does the verb play in a sentence? How can we recognize verbs in a sentence?

4 Verbs need to be conjugated to do their job Consider the following sentences: ✗ He to eat an apple.  Il manger une pomme. ✗ She to study at school.  Elle étudier à l’école. ✗ We to walk to the store.  Nous marcher au magazin. Although we can derive meaning, none of these sentences are grammatically correct.

5 Consider the following sentence: ✗ He to eat an apple.  Il manger une pomme. ✗ Although we can derive meaning, this sentence is not grammatically correct. Verbs need to be conjugated to do their job!

6 Verbs need to be conjugated and they need their partner.

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10 Subjects and Verbs… a love story?

11 A verb must ALWAYS agree with its’ subject. SubjectVerb

12 What does subject and verb agreement look like in French?

13 Conjugation Correct conjugation depends on the following: 1. The verb ending / group 2. The mood 3. The tense 4. The subject pronoun

14 Les 3 groupes de verbes 1er groupe2ème groupe3ème groupe -er (Parler) -ir* (Finir) *issons -ir (partir) -re (rendre) -oir (pouvoir) +all the other rebel verbs

15 Le mode – The mood There are 6 verb “moods” in French The indicative mood is used to indicate facts. The subjunctive mood is used to express feeling or emotion and doubts The conditional mood expresses possibility The imperative mood expresses commands The participle allows us to use verbs as adjectives The infinitive is the unconjugated form of the verb.

16 L’indicatif : The indicative mood This is the verb mood that we use the MOST OFTEN. There are different tenses in the indicative mood There are simple and compound tenses. S IMPLE = one conjugated verb C OMPOUND = helper verb + conjugated verb

17 Le temps – The tense

18 Correct conjugation depends on the following:  The verb ending / group (groupe du verbe)  The mood (le mode)  Indicatif  Impératif (these 2 are the only ones you know so far!)  The tense (le temps)  Past, present or future  The subject pronoun (le pronom sujet)  Je, tu, il, elle, on, nous, vous, ils, elles

19 Le présent de l’indicatif Mood: Indicative Tense: Present The indicative mood is used to indicate facts.

20 Regular Verbs

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23 Example: parler (to speak) Infinitive: parler Drop the ending: parl/er Use the root: parl Add the endings: e, es, e, ons, ez, ent

24 Example: parler (to speak) Subject pronounConjugated verb Jeparle Tuparles Il / Elle / Onparle Nousparlons Vousparlez Ils / Ellesparlent* * This –ent VERB ending is silent, it is not pronounced.

25 To conjugate in the present tense...

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27 Example: finir (to finish) Infinitive: finir Drop the ending: fin/ir Use the root: fin Add the endings: is, is, it, issons, issez, issent

28 Example: finir (to finish) Subject pronounConjugated verb Jefinis Tufinis Il / Elle / Onfinit Nousfinissons Vousfinissez Ils / Ellesfinissent* * This –ent VERB ending is silent, it is not pronounced.

29 To conjugate in the present tense...

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31 Example: vendre (to sell) Infinitive: vendre Drop the ending: vend/re Use the root: vend Add the endings: s, s, -, ons, ez, ent

32 Example: vendre (to sel) Subject pronounConjugated verb Jevends Tuvends Il / Elle / Onvend Nousvendons Vousvendez Ils / Ellesvendent* * This –ent VERB ending is silent, it is not pronounced.

33 -er verbs eons esez eent -ir verbs isissons isissez itissent -re verbs sons sez --ent Summary of regular verb endings

34 “couvrir” – to cover But it has an “ir” ending! So confused! Look to the “nous”…

35 “couvrir” – to cover Je couvre Tu couvres Il couvre Nous couvrons Vous couvrez Ils couvrent

36 “servir” (to serve) Je sers Tu sers Il sert Nous servons Vous servez Ils servent

37 “cuire” (to cook) Je cuis Tu cuis Il cuit Nous cuisons Vous cuisez Ils cuisent

38 “pouvoir” (to be able to) Je peux Tu peux Il peut Nous pouvons Vous pouvez Ils peuvent

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