Discuss the following in groups of 3 or 4: What is a verb? Are there different kinds of verbs? If so, what makes them different? What role does the verb play in a sentence? How can we recognize verbs in a sentence?
Verbs need to be conjugated to do their job Consider the following sentences: ✗ He to eat an apple. Il manger une pomme. ✗ She to study at school. Elle étudier à l’école. ✗ We to walk to the store. Nous marcher au magazin. Although we can derive meaning, none of these sentences are grammatically correct.
Consider the following sentence: ✗ He to eat an apple. Il manger une pomme. ✗ Although we can derive meaning, this sentence is not grammatically correct. Verbs need to be conjugated to do their job!
Verbs need to be conjugated and they need their partner.
A verb must ALWAYS agree with its’ subject. SubjectVerb
What does subject and verb agreement look like in French?
Conjugation Correct conjugation depends on the following: 1. The verb ending / group 2. The mood 3. The tense 4. The subject pronoun
Les 3 groupes de verbes 1er groupe2ème groupe3ème groupe -er (Parler) -ir* (Finir) *issons -ir (partir) -re (rendre) -oir (pouvoir) +all the other rebel verbs
Le mode – The mood There are 6 verb “moods” in French The indicative mood is used to indicate facts. The subjunctive mood is used to express feeling or emotion and doubts The conditional mood expresses possibility The imperative mood expresses commands The participle allows us to use verbs as adjectives The infinitive is the unconjugated form of the verb.
L’indicatif : The indicative mood This is the verb mood that we use the MOST OFTEN. There are different tenses in the indicative mood There are simple and compound tenses. S IMPLE = one conjugated verb C OMPOUND = helper verb + conjugated verb
Correct conjugation depends on the following: The verb ending / group (groupe du verbe) The mood (le mode) Indicatif Impératif (these 2 are the only ones you know so far!) The tense (le temps) Past, present or future The subject pronoun (le pronom sujet) Je, tu, il, elle, on, nous, vous, ils, elles
Le présent de l’indicatif Mood: Indicative Tense: Present The indicative mood is used to indicate facts.
Example: finir (to finish) Infinitive: finir Drop the ending: fin/ir Use the root: fin Add the endings: is, is, it, issons, issez, issent
Example: finir (to finish) Subject pronounConjugated verb Jefinis Tufinis Il / Elle / Onfinit Nousfinissons Vousfinissez Ils / Ellesfinissent* * This –ent VERB ending is silent, it is not pronounced.