2 Noun – a word that refers to a person, place, thing, or idea. In order to read and write in French, we need to be able to make sentences. Sentences in French are made up of the same elements as in English:Noun – a word that refers to a person, place, thing, or idea.Pronoun – a word that takes the place of a noun.Verb – an action word.A sentence must have at least a noun (or pronoun) and a verb!
3 Sentences can be written from 1 of 3 points of view: 1st person:Used to talk about yourself.2nd person:Used to talk to someone else.3rd person:Used to talk about someone else.
4 There are 9 subject pronouns in French: singularpluralnous =weje =Iyouvous =youtu =(1 person polite OR more than 1 person)(1 person, familiar)heils =theyil =(all males OR males and females)elle =sheelles =theyon*=one(all females)*On is an impersonal pronoun. Literally translated it means “one”. Sometimes it will also be translated as “they” or “we”. You will get used to it with time!
5 We do this a little bit in English: To put a verb in to a sentence in French, you must conjugate (or change it) to go with the subject.We do this a little bit in English:I jump. You jump.But: She jumps.
6 To conjugate a regular –er verb: You drop off the –er at the end of the infinitive. ( the unconjugated form; also the form found in the dictionary)This gives you the stem.Then, you add the verb ending which matches the subject.
7 Verb endings: je –e tu – es il –e elle – e on - e nous – ons vous -ez ils –entelles – ent
8 A conjugated verb chart looks like this: Parler = to speakJe parleNous parlonsTu parlesVous parlezIlElle parleOnIls parlentElles parlent
9 There are a few exceptions to the rule. (Quelle Surprise!)
10 je becomes j’ before a vowel: J’aime… J’adore… J’inviteBut: Je parle.
11 If a verb ends in –ger we add an -e before the nous ending –ons: Nous mangeons.Nous changeons.But, Vous changez.
12 Now, you are ready to start using sentences in French!