Presentation on theme: "-er verbs. In order to read and write in French, we need to be able to make sentences. Sentences in French are made up of the same elements as in English:"— Presentation transcript:
In order to read and write in French, we need to be able to make sentences. Sentences in French are made up of the same elements as in English: Noun – a word that refers to a person, place, thing, or idea. Pronoun – a word that takes the place of a noun. Verb – an action word. A sentence must have at least a noun (or pronoun) and a verb!
Sentences can be written from 1 of 3 points of view: 1 st person: 3 rd person: 2 nd person: Used to talk about someone else. Used to talk to someone else. Used to talk about yourself.
There are 9 subject pronouns in French: je = tu = il = elle = on * = I you (1 person, familiar) he she one nous =we vous = you (1 person polite OR more than 1 person) ils =they (all males OR males and females) elles =they (all females) * On is an impersonal pronoun. Literally translated it means one. Sometimes it will also be translated as they or we. You will get used to it with time!
To put a verb in to a sentence in French, you must conjugate (or change it) to go with the subject. We do this a little bit in English: I jump. You jump. But: She jumps.
To conjugate a regular –er verb: You drop off the –er at the end of the infinitive. ( the unconjugated form; also the form found in the dictionary) This gives you the stem. Then, you add the verb ending which matches the subject.
Verb endings: je –e tu – es il –e elle – e on - e nous – ons vous -ez ils –ent elles – ent
A conjugated verb chart looks like this: Je parleNous parlons Tu parlesVous parlez Il Elle parle On Ils parlent Elles parlent Parler = to speak
There are a few exceptions to the rule. (Quelle Surprise!)
je becomes j before a vowel: Jaime… Jadore… Jinvite But: Je parle.
If a verb ends in –ger we add an -e before the nous ending –ons: But, Vous changez. Nous changeons. Nous mangeons.
Now, you are ready to start using sentences in French!