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- ir verbs Regular – ir verbs in the Present, Past, and Future Tenses M. Bridgeo.

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Presentation on theme: "- ir verbs Regular – ir verbs in the Present, Past, and Future Tenses M. Bridgeo."— Presentation transcript:

1 - ir verbs Regular – ir verbs in the Present, Past, and Future Tenses M. Bridgeo

2 - ir verbs: Present Tense The majority of all –ir verbs in French, in the Present Tense, have the same endings for je, tu, il (elle, on), nous, vous, ils (elles). Je-is Tu -is Il-it Nous-issons Vous-issez Ils-issent M. Bridgeo

3 - ir verbs: Present Tense To form your verb (to conjugate the verb) in the Present Tense, take off the –ir for je, tu, il/elle, nous, vous, and Ils/elles and simply add those endings. Jefinis(I finish/am finished) Tu finis(You finish/are finished) Ilfinit(He finishes/is finished) Nousfinissons(We finish/are finished) Vousfinissez(They/You finish/are finished) Ilsfinissent(They are finished) M. Bridgeo Verbs that are similar in their conjugation Choisir (to choose), établir (to establish) grandir (to grow/grow up), grossir (to gain weight), maigrir (to lose weight), mincir (to get slimmer), obéir (to obey), réagir (to react), réussir (à), (to succeed)

4 - ir verbs: Present Tense There are some commonly used verbs in the French language, however, that are exceptions to this rule… Ouvrir PartirSortirDormir Je/Jouvreparssorsdors Tuouvresparssorsdors Il/Elleouvrepartsortdort Nousouvronspartonssortonsdormons Vousouvrezpartezsortezdormez Ils/Ellesouvrentpartentsortentdorment M. Bridgeo Verbs that are similar in their conjugation (like –er verbs) Ouvrir: Couvrir (to cover), découvrir (to discover), offrir (to offer), souffrir (to suffer)

5 - ir verbs: Present Tense Let's try some exercises M. Bridgeo

6 How is the Past Indefinite (Passé Composé in French) tense formed? The Past Indefinite tense (Passé Composé in French) is a compound tense of verb. This means that there will be two parts to the verbs, or a mix of two different verbs. If you know the Present (le Présent in French) tense of the verbs avoir (to have) and être (to be), you are half way there Just in case you need a reminder, here are the verbs avoir and être in their Present tense. avoir (to have) être (to be) JaiJe suis Tu asTu es Il aElle est Nous avonsNous sommes Vous avezVous êtes Ils ontIls sont Please note: The verb être, when used as the helping verb for the Past Indefinite, translates as to have. Example: Je suis allé(e)… I have gone… M. Bridgeo

7 As mentioned, the Past Indefinite (le Passé Composé) is a compound tense…so you need to add something to either the verb avoir or the verb être to complete the formation of the Past Indefinite tense. What is added is known as the Past Participle (le participe passé in French). The past participle is used for every subject pronoun for the verb in question (je, tu, il, elle, on, nous, vous, ils, elles). For all verbs that use avoir as the helping verb, the past participle never changes. Here is an example: the verb Finir (to finish) in the Past Indefinite tense would be… Jai finiI finished Tu as finiYou finished Il a finiHe finished Nous avons finiWe finished Vous avez finiThey/you finished Ils ont finiThey finished How is the Past Indefinite (Passé Composé in French) tense formed? The verb Finir is one of the 99.9% of verbs that are conjugated with the verb Avoir, which youll see on the right. To form the Past Participle for –ir verbs …drop the -er, and add –i M. Bridgeo

8 How is the Past Indefinite (Passé Composé in French) tense formed? So you now know that there are two verbs that team up to form the Past Indefinite (le Passé Composé) tense of each verb in French. But now you need to know which –ir verbs will use être. VerbPast Participle Devenir*devenu (e) Revenir*revenu (e) Sortirsorti (e) Venir*venu (e) Mourir*mort (e) Partirparti (e) * exception to the rule for Past Participle M. Bridgeo

9 How is the Past Indefinite (Passé Composé in French) tense formed? We will use the verb Venir (to come) as an example, as it one of the verbs that is conjugated with the helping verb être… Venir Je suis venu (e) Tu es venu (e) Il est venu Elle est venu (e) Nous sommes venu(e)s Vous êtes venu(e)(s) Ils sont venus Elles sont venus M. Bridgeo

10 - ir verbs: Past Tense Let's try some exercises M. Bridgeo

11 - Er verbs: Future Tense The Future Tense (le Futur Proche) is a compound tense…and the helping verb is always the verb Aller (to go) in the Present Tense. All you do, to indicate an action in the future, is use the Present Tense of the verb Aller and the immediately add the verb for the action you wish to express in the future. Take a look at this example, using the verb Parler (to talk): Mourir (to die) Aller + Verb Jevaismourir(I am going to talk) Tu vas mourir(You are going to talk) Ilvamourir(He is going to talk) Nousallonsmourir(We are going to talk) Vousallez mourir(They/You are going to talk) Ilsvontmourir(They are going to talk) M. Bridgeo

12 - ir verbs: Past Tense Let's try an exercise using Futur Proche M. Bridgeo

13 Photo Credits Click on the name of each flag to visit the sites from which they were gathered. French Flag Canadian flag Quebec flag Acadian flag M. Bridgeo


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