2 La Conjugation des Verbs What is “la conjugation”?Taking the regular form of the verb (to have, to eat, etc)…and changing it to agree with the subject of the verb (the person/object performing the action)
3 Example (We do the same thing in English and in French) English VS Example (We do the same thing in English and in French) English VS. FrenchEnglishFrenchTo BeI amYou areHe/She isWe areYou are (Plural)They areÉtreJe suisTu esIl/elle estNous sommesVous êtesIls/Elles sont
4 Would you say…I is?You be?He are?She work?They watches?I to be?You to work?Of course not! Conjugated verbs are not interchangeable! It sounds ridiculous! It’s the same way with the French language.
5 In order to be a successful verb “conjugator”, you will need to know the following 4 terms: *WORKSHEET*Subject-The person OR thing doing the action (je, vous, la télé)Infinitive-The verb by itself: danser, parler, inviter, regarderStem-The verb without the “ER” dans, parl, invit, regardEnding-The combination of letters that we put in place of the “er” that we dropped earlier. Each pronoun has it’s own ending to be used.
6 …So what are the endings for “ER” Verbs? *WORKSHEET*
7 ? Example:The Steps… How did you do that English French I speak Je parleHow did you do that?
8 Step One:Find the Subject……in this case it is “I” or Je in French
9 Step Two: Find the Infinitive (the verb)… …in this case it is “to talk” or Parler in French
10 Step Three: Find the Stem… To do this…take the infinitive verb “Parler”…and take away the “er” at the end.Parler Parl
11 Step Four Find the ending… …we are conjugating for “Je” …so the ending is “E”
12 Put them together in order!!! Step Five:Put them together in order!!!Subject- “Je”Infinitive- ParlerJe parleStem- parlEnding- “e”
13 To Conjugate the verb “To Speak” in French… EnglishFrenchTo SpeakI speakYou speakHe/She speaksWe speakYou speak (Plural)They speakParlerJe parl eTu parl esIl/elle parl eNous parl onsVous parl ezIls/Elles parl ent