Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

ER L A FAMILLE ER CONJUGAISON ER Conjugating the ER family Learning patterns is a key to mastering the conjugating of French verbs.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "ER L A FAMILLE ER CONJUGAISON ER Conjugating the ER family Learning patterns is a key to mastering the conjugating of French verbs."— Presentation transcript:

1 ER L A FAMILLE ER CONJUGAISON ER Conjugating the ER family Learning patterns is a key to mastering the conjugating of French verbs.

2 S UBJECT P RONOUNS D OESN T MATTER IF THE VERB IS REGULAR OR IRREGULAR : T HE PRONOUNS ARE ALWAYS IN THE SAME ORDER. I You You He, she, one He, she, one We We You You They They masculine & feminine Je Je Tu Tu Il, elle,on Il, elle,on Nous Nous Vous Vous Ils,elles Ils,elles

3 R EGULAR OR IRREGULAR ? First, determine if the verb is irregular : First, determine if the verb is irregular : 1) Know which are the irregulars. 1) Know which are the irregulars. 2) They are usually common verbs 2) They are usually common verbs. unique (no pattern)study each one. 3) They are unique (no pattern) & you have to study each one. The good news about REGULAR verbs: The good news about REGULAR verbs: They only have one of three endings They only have one of three endings They follow a pattern. They follow a pattern.

4 R EGULAR VERBS : THE PATTERN EXPLAINED The infinitive of most verbs in French end in the letters ER. This is the family we are studying in this presentation. The infinitive of most verbs in French end in the letters ER. This is the family we are studying in this presentation. Lesser numbers end in the letters IR and RE. Lesser numbers end in the letters IR and RE. Most follow a regular pattern for each ending group above. Most follow a regular pattern for each ending group above. Exceptions to this pattern are called irregular verbs. So if you learn the regular patterns you will know the patterns for most verbs. So if you learn the regular patterns you will know the patterns for most verbs. To conjugate each verb in the present tense, the last two letters (ER, IR, RE) are dropped and a different ending is added for each pronoun (I, you, he, she, it, we, you all, they). To conjugate each verb in the present tense, the last two letters (ER, IR, RE) are dropped and a different ending is added for each pronoun (I, you, he, she, it, we, you all, they).

5 T HE PATTERN FOR VERBS OF THE ER FAMILY 1) Put the pronouns in order. 2) Find the stem of the verb by taking off the family name: ER 3) Add your verb endings. PronounsThe stem: parler The ending Jeparl e ee e Tuparles Il, elle, on parle Nousparlons Vousparlez Ils, elles parlent

6 P ARL ER T AKE THE ER OFF AND REPLACE IT BY THE FOLLOWING ENDINGS : E ES E ONS EZ ENT video & prononciation Parler video & prononciation Parler video & prononciation Parler video & prononciation Parler Je parl e Je parl e Tu parles Tu parles Il parl e Il parl e Elle parl e Elle parl e On parl e On parl e Nous parl ons Nous parl ons Vous parl ez Vous parl ez Ils parl ent Ils parl ent Elles parl ent Elles parl ent

7 A IMER Prononciation & video Aimer Prononciation & video Aimer Prononciation & video Aimer Prononciation & video Aimer Jaim e Jaim e Tu aim es Tu aim es Il, elle, on aim e Il, elle, on aim e Nous aim ons Nous aim ons Vous aim ez Vous aim ez Ils, elles aim ent Ils, elles aim ent

8 I RREGULAR ER VERBS Irregular Stems Irregular Stems boot verbs French stem-changing verbs are conjugated with the same endings as normal but have two different stems. Stem- changing verbs are sometimes called boot verbs. acheterpréférer We will study the verbs acheter & préférer : accent Change of accent in the stem mangercommencer And the verbs manger & commencer : eç Add an e or a ç Aller ER We will also meet Aller : the black sheep of the ER family!

9 È SOUNDS LIKE THE E IN ED OR MET. F IRST, 2 BOOT VERBS N OTE : È SOUNDS LIKE THE E IN ED OR MET. è Jach è te è Tu ach è tes è Il, elle, on ach è te e Nous ach e tons e Vous ach e tez è Ils, elles ach è tent è Je préf è re è Tu préf è res è Il, elle, on préf è re é Nous préf é rons é Vous préf é rez è Ils, elles préf è rent e Ach e ter (to buy) é Préf é rer (to prefer)

10 W HY ARE THEY CALLED BOOT VERBS ? ach è te ach e tons ach è tes ach e tez ach è teach è tent The verb acheter is a so-called boot verb because all the verbs with the same stems form the shape of a boot. NousVous ach e ter Another way of saying it : Nous and Vous look like their parents: ach e ter The verb: ach e ter

11 T WO MORE EXCEPTIONS IN THE ER FAMILY. Je mange Tu manges Il, elle, on mange e Nous mang e ons Vous mangez Ils, elles mangent Je commence Tu commences Il, elle, on commence ç Nous commen ç ons Vous commencez Ils, elles commencent ger Man ger (to eat) cer Commen cer (to begin)

12 I RREGULAR VERB A LLER prononciation & video Aller prononciation & video Aller prononciation & video Aller prononciation & video Aller Je vais Je vais Tu vas Tu vas Il va He goes Il va He goes Elle va Elle va On va On va Nous allons Nous allons Vous allez Vous allez Ils vont Ils vont Elles vont Elles vont Note: Aller is the only big exception in the ER family. Note: Aller is the only big exception in the ER family.


Download ppt "ER L A FAMILLE ER CONJUGAISON ER Conjugating the ER family Learning patterns is a key to mastering the conjugating of French verbs."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google