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Performer - Culture & Literature Marina Spiazzi, Marina Tavella, Margaret Layton © 2013 The Drums of War (1901-25) Soldiers digging trenches during the.

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Presentation on theme: "Performer - Culture & Literature Marina Spiazzi, Marina Tavella, Margaret Layton © 2013 The Drums of War (1901-25) Soldiers digging trenches during the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Performer - Culture & Literature Marina Spiazzi, Marina Tavella, Margaret Layton © 2013 The Drums of War (1901-25) Soldiers digging trenches during the First World War (1914–18).

2 The Drums of War 1. The Edwardian Age When Queen Victoria died, the royal house took the Germanic surname of Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Victoria’s son Edward reigned until 1910 as Edward VII. His greatest achievement was in foreign policy. The Entente Cordiale signed with France in 1904. Edward II. Performer – Culture & Literature

3 The Drums of War 1. The Edwardian Age 1.Children from poor families 1906: Free school meals. 1908: The Children’s Charter gave children some legal protection. It restricted the sale of alcohol and cigarettes. The Liberals won the general elections in 1906. They introduced reforms to help three groups of people: 1907: Free school medical inspections. Performer – Culture & Literature

4 The Drums of War 1. The Edwardian Age 2. Old people 1908: The Old-Age Pensions Act, which introduced pensions for people over 70. 1911: The National Insurance Act, which gave people the right to free medical treatment and unemployment pay (the dole). 3. Workers Performer – Culture & Literature

5 The Drums of War 1910–14: A series of strikes was called because of high prices and low wages. They were remarkable for the number of men involved and for the violence which often accompanied them. 1. The Edwardian Age Soldiers parade to intimidate workers, Liverpool 1911. Performer – Culture & Literature

6 The Drums of War 2. The Suffragettes At the beginning of the 20 th century only men were allowed to vote. A few educated ladies had been arguing in favour of voting rights for women since the 1860s. In 1903 Mrs Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughter Christabel founded the WSPU (Women’s Social and Political Union). The Suffragettes, as they were called, protested that women should be able to vote. WSPU leaders Annie Kenney (left) and Christabel Pankhurst. Performer – Culture & Literature

7 The Drums of War 2. The Suffragettes A drawing from the WSPU newspaper in 1909 The WSPU began to break the law to gain publicity and support. They began a campaign of vandalism: they chained themselves to railings outside Downing Street and Buckingham Palace; they made arson attacks on post boxes, churches and railway stations. Performer – Culture & Literature

8 The Drums of War 2. The Suffragettes A drawing from the WSPU newspaper in 1909 The Government dealt with the protests harshly and sent many Suffragettes to prison. In prison some women went on hunger strike to draw attention to their campaign. Prison authorities began force-feeding them. Performer – Culture & Literature

9 The Drums of War 3. World War I: general information Britain declared war on Germany on 4 th August 1914. The war ended on 11 th November 1918. Almost 8,000,000 people died. Almost 22,000 were wounded. The war was known as ‘the war to end all wars’. Performer – Culture & Literature

10 The Drums of War 3. World War I: outbreak of the war Archduke Ferdinand on the day of assassination. The domino effect First Austria declared war on Serbia. Then Russia declared war on Austria. Next Germany joined with Austria. Finally France and Britain declared war on Austria and Germany. Performer – Culture & Literature

11 The Drums of War 3. World War I: conducting the war The Germans attacked France through Belgium. The French counter-attacked but were pushed back. The Russian’s rapid mobilisation surprised the Germans, who were forced to move some troops to the Eastern front. Stagnation and trench warfare in the West. Performer – Culture & Literature

12 The Drums of War 3. World War I: trench warfare Technology superior to tactics Machine guns vs a human charge New technology = poison gas, airplanes Very high death rates Battle of the Somme = 600,000 Allies and 500,000 Germans died for 125 miles of land Battle of Verdun = 700,000 killed on both sides with no gain in territory Performer – Culture & Literature

13 The Drums of War 3. World War I: wider involvement Americans initially supplied both the Allies and the Central Powers Soldiers from the British Empire from Canada, Australia and New Zealand volunteered. A blockade brought the sinking of US ships Germans killed 1,000 Americans Americans entered the war on the side of the Allies in April 1917 War at sea initiated US involvement Performer – Culture & Literature

14 The Drums of War 3. World War I Performer – Culture & Literature

15 The Drums of War 3. World War I: the end of war Versailles Peace Treaty signed by British Prime Minister Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau of France, American President Woodrow Wilson and Vittorio Emanuele Orlando of Italy. Woodrow Wilson League of Nations, an organisation in which the representatives of the world’s nations would try to discuss and settle their differences without resorting to war. Allied leaders at Versailles. Performer – Culture & Literature

16 The Drums of War Performer – Culture & Literature 3. World War I: in English painting THE MENIN ROAD, 1919, oil on canvas, Imperial War Museum, London.. The most individual and expressive of the artists who recorded the battlefields of World War I Paul Nash His first-hand experience gave his work immediacy and brutal honesty. It took a message from the trenches to the firesides back at home.


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