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Nationalism and Sectionalism

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Presentation on theme: "Nationalism and Sectionalism"— Presentation transcript:

1 Nationalism and Sectionalism

2 Bell Work 1) How do the resources and environment in the South make it more dependent on slave labor ?  2) Why did the slave owners, non-slave owners, and slaves accept slavery as normal life?

3 Henry Clay Nationalist Representative from Kentucky

4 American System Plan to make America economically self-sufficient

5 James Monroe Fifth president of the U.S., who established the Monroe Doctrine

6 Erie Canal Waterway that connected New York City with Buffalo, New York

7 Missouri Compromise Laws enacted to maintain balance of power between slave and free states

8 Monroe doctrine U.S. policy opposing European interference in the Western Hemisphere

9 Nationalism A feeling of pride, loyalty, and protectiveness toward one’s country

10 Protective Tariff A tax on imported goods that protects a nation’s businesses from foreign competition

11 Sectionalism Loyalty to the interests of one’s own region or section of the country

12 Nationalism Unites the Country
1) Madison wanted America to thrive on its own, without foreign products. 2) The American System had three parts: Establish a protective tariff, a tax on imported goods. 3) Establish a national bank that would promote a single currency 4) Improve the country’s transportation systems.

13 The Era of Good Feelings
1) People began to put trust into the federal government over state governments 2) McCulloch v. Maryland (1819), the supreme court ruled that a state could not tax a national bank. 3) Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) court ruled that interstate commerce could be regulated only by federal government, not the state.

14 Transportation Links Cities
1) Congress funded a road that became the country’s main east-west route. 2) Water transportation improved with the building of canals. The Erie Canal created a water route between New York City and Buffalo. 3) Improvements in railroads led to a decline in canal use. From miles of train track went from 23 to 9,000.

15 Sectional Tensions Increase
1) Sectionalism is loyalty to the interests of a region or section of the country. 2) The South relied on a plantation economy that used slavery. The Northeast focused on manufacturing and trade. 3) Sectionalism became a major issue when Missouri applied for statehood in 1817 threatening the balance of power in Congress.

16 The Missouri Compromise
1) Congress did not want to add Missouri because at the time, the United States had 11 slave states and 11 free states. 2) Southerners feared that if free states formed a majority in Congress then they would ban slavery altogether. 3) Maine also wanted statehood, so Henry Clay suggested that Maine be added as a free state and Missouri as a slave state to keep balance. 4) Mason-Dixon line became the division between slave states and free states.



19 National Boundaries and Foreign Affairs
1) The 49th parallel was set as the U.S.-Canadian border 2) U.S. relations with Spain were tense over the Louisiana Purchase. 3) The U.S. gave Spain a choice, either police Florida from Indians or hand it over. Spain gave Florida to us and the Oregon country.

20 The Monroe Doctrine 1) The nation felt threatened by other events happening around the world 2) European countries were planning to help Spain and Portugal reclaim lost colonies near the U.S. 3) Monroe Doctrine tells other countries that the Americas were closed to further colonization (back off)

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