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11-3.   1) How do the resources and environment in the South make it more dependent on slave labor ?  2) Why did the slave owners, non-slave owners,

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Presentation on theme: "11-3.   1) How do the resources and environment in the South make it more dependent on slave labor ?  2) Why did the slave owners, non-slave owners,"— Presentation transcript:

1 11-3

2   1) How do the resources and environment in the South make it more dependent on slave labor ?  2) Why did the slave owners, non-slave owners, and slaves accept slavery as normal life? Bell Work

3  Henry Clay  Nationalist Representative from Kentucky

4  American System  Plan to make America economically self- sufficient

5  James Monroe  Fifth president of the U.S., who established the Monroe Doctrine

6  Erie Canal  Waterway that connected New York City with Buffalo, New York

7  Missouri Compromise  Laws enacted to maintain balance of power between slave and free states

8  Monroe doctrine  U.S. policy opposing European interference in the Western Hemisphere

9  Nationalism  A feeling of pride, loyalty, and protectiveness toward one’s country

10  Protective Tariff  A tax on imported goods that protects a nation’s businesses from foreign competition

11  Sectionalism  Loyalty to the interests of one’s own region or section of the country

12   1) Madison wanted America to thrive on its own, without foreign products.  2) The American System had three parts: Establish a protective tariff, a tax on imported goods.  3) Establish a national bank that would promote a single currency  4) Improve the country’s transportation systems. Nationalism Unites the Country

13   1) People began to put trust into the federal government over state governments  2) McCulloch v. Maryland (1819), the supreme court ruled that a state could not tax a national bank.  3) Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) court ruled that interstate commerce could be regulated only by federal government, not the state. The Era of Good Feelings

14   1) Congress funded a road that became the country’s main east-west route.  2) Water transportation improved with the building of canals. The Erie Canal created a water route between New York City and Buffalo.  3) Improvements in railroads led to a decline in canal use. From miles of train track went from 23 to 9,000. Transportation Links Cities

15   1) Sectionalism is loyalty to the interests of a region or section of the country.  2) The South relied on a plantation economy that used slavery. The Northeast focused on manufacturing and trade.  3) Sectionalism became a major issue when Missouri applied for statehood in 1817 threatening the balance of power in Congress. Sectional Tensions Increase

16   1) Congress did not want to add Missouri because at the time, the United States had 11 slave states and 11 free states.  2) Southerners feared that if free states formed a majority in Congress then they would ban slavery altogether.  3) Maine also wanted statehood, so Henry Clay suggested that Maine be added as a free state and Missouri as a slave state to keep balance.  4) Mason-Dixon line became the division between slave states and free states. The Missouri Compromise

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19   1) The 49 th parallel was set as the U.S.- Canadian border  2) U.S. relations with Spain were tense over the Louisiana Purchase.  3) The U.S. gave Spain a choice, either police Florida from Indians or hand it over. Spain gave Florida to us and the Oregon country. National Boundaries and Foreign Affairs

20   1) The nation felt threatened by other events happening around the world  2) European countries were planning to help Spain and Portugal reclaim lost colonies near the U.S.  3) Monroe Doctrine tells other countries that the Americas were closed to further colonization (back off) The Monroe Doctrine


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