2 Bell Work1) How do the resources and environment in the South make it more dependent on slave labor ? 2) Why did the slave owners, non-slave owners, and slaves accept slavery as normal life?
3 Henry ClayNationalist Representative from Kentucky
4 American SystemPlan to make America economically self-sufficient
5 James MonroeFifth president of the U.S., who established the Monroe Doctrine
6 Erie CanalWaterway that connected New York City with Buffalo, New York
7 Missouri CompromiseLaws enacted to maintain balance of power between slave and free states
8 Monroe doctrineU.S. policy opposing European interference in the Western Hemisphere
9 NationalismA feeling of pride, loyalty, and protectiveness toward one’s country
10 Protective TariffA tax on imported goods that protects a nation’s businesses from foreign competition
11 SectionalismLoyalty to the interests of one’s own region or section of the country
12 Nationalism Unites the Country 1) Madison wanted America to thrive on its own, without foreign products.2) The American System had three parts: Establish a protective tariff, a tax on imported goods.3) Establish a national bank that would promote a single currency4) Improve the country’s transportation systems.
13 The Era of Good Feelings 1) People began to put trust into the federal government over state governments2) McCulloch v. Maryland (1819), the supreme court ruled that a state could not tax a national bank.3) Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) court ruled that interstate commerce could be regulated only by federal government, not the state.
14 Transportation Links Cities 1) Congress funded a road that became the country’s main east-west route.2) Water transportation improved with the building of canals. The Erie Canal created a water route between New York City and Buffalo.3) Improvements in railroads led to a decline in canal use. From miles of train track went from 23 to 9,000.
15 Sectional Tensions Increase 1) Sectionalism is loyalty to the interests of a region or section of the country.2) The South relied on a plantation economy that used slavery. The Northeast focused on manufacturing and trade.3) Sectionalism became a major issue when Missouri applied for statehood in 1817 threatening the balance of power in Congress.
16 The Missouri Compromise 1) Congress did not want to add Missouri because at the time, the United States had 11 slave states and 11 free states.2) Southerners feared that if free states formed a majority in Congress then they would ban slavery altogether.3) Maine also wanted statehood, so Henry Clay suggested that Maine be added as a free state and Missouri as a slave state to keep balance.4) Mason-Dixon line became the division between slave states and free states.
19 National Boundaries and Foreign Affairs 1) The 49th parallel was set as the U.S.-Canadian border2) U.S. relations with Spain were tense over the Louisiana Purchase.3) The U.S. gave Spain a choice, either police Florida from Indians or hand it over. Spain gave Florida to us and the Oregon country.
20 The Monroe Doctrine1) The nation felt threatened by other events happening around the world2) European countries were planning to help Spain and Portugal reclaim lost colonies near the U.S.3) Monroe Doctrine tells other countries that the Americas were closed to further colonization (back off)