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Era of Good Feelings 1816 James Monroe becomes America’s 5 th president  President during the Era of good Feelings  Federalist party disappears  Promoter.

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Presentation on theme: "Era of Good Feelings 1816 James Monroe becomes America’s 5 th president  President during the Era of good Feelings  Federalist party disappears  Promoter."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Era of Good Feelings 1816 James Monroe becomes America’s 5 th president  President during the Era of good Feelings  Federalist party disappears  Promoter of national unity  Nationalist focus leads to the defining and expansion of the country’s borders.  Britain and America establish the 49 th parallel as the U.S. – Canadian border in  The Adams – Onis Treaty of 1819 – Spain give Florida and the Oregon Country to the United States.

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4 Uniting the Country During and after the War of 1812 Nationalism starts to develop and grow in America During and after the War of 1812 Nationalism starts to develop and grow in America  Nationalism is a feeling of pride, loyalty and protectiveness toward one’s country.  The People - began seeing themselves as Americans after the war of 1812 – National Pride Establish Protective Tariffs Establish Protective Tariffs – placing a tax on imported goods to encourage people to buy “home-made” / American made products Improve National Transportation Systems Improve National Transportation Systems – promote trade and interstate commerce  A system of roads are constructed  Canals are dug  Cities and trade ports are linked

5 Road to Industrialization Establish Protective Tariffs Establish Protective Tariffs – placing a tax on imported goods to encourage people to buy “home-made” / American made products Improve National Transportation Systems Improve National Transportation Systems – promote trade and interstate commerce  A system of roads are constructed  Canals are dug  Cities and trade ports are linked

6 Sectionalism Develops While nationalism was growing sectionalism began to develop and threatened to divide the nation. Sectionalism Sectionalism – loyalty to the interests of a specific region or section of the country.  South - relied on Slavery and the growth of Cotton (wants slavery to be protectected by law and states rights) WHY?  Northeast – depended on shipping, trade, and Manufacturing. (want laws establishing and protecting tariffs and industry) WHY?  West – Cheap land for farming, good transportation systems (want the government to spend laws on improving transportation) WHY?

7 Missouri Compromise Missouri Compromise exposes growing sectionalism in the country – Missouri applies for statehood as a slave state. In 1817 there were 22 states in the Union – 11 Free States and 11 Slave States  Why is balanced power an issue in the Senate and not the House of Representatives? Adding Missouri as a slave state would disrupt the balance between slave states and free states in congress Slave state would have more power in the government  Why does it matter so that slave states would have more power in the Senate?

8 Missouri Compromise Henry Clay proposes a compromise  Admit Missouri as a slave state  Admit Maine as a free State  Maintain the balance of power in congress.  Also established the 36 degrees parallel as the line where slavery would end – not be allowed in the Louisiana Territory.

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