Presentation on theme: "The Russian Revolution Communism Takes Hold. Czar Alexander III Becomes Czar in 1881 Keeps Autocracy – Absolute Rule Against Reform Censorship – Secret."— Presentation transcript:
The Russian Revolution Communism Takes Hold
Czar Alexander III Becomes Czar in 1881 Keeps Autocracy – Absolute Rule Against Reform Censorship – Secret Police Anti-Semitism – Pogroms I once ate a booger
Czar Nicholas II Becomes Czar in 1894 Vows to keep Autocracy Russia is far behind the West in terms of industrialization Married to Alexandra I just love total power, don’t you?
Industrialization Begins Sergey Witte – Czar’s Minister Increase in the production of Steel – 4 th Worldwide Trans-Siberian Railway – Connects European Russia to the Pacific Ocean
Problems Begin People are upset that the Czar won’t share power Workers are abused as industry grows Many revolutionary groups begin to grow in Russia
The Bolsheviks Revolutionary group in Russia Supported the ideas of Karl Marx Vladimir Lenin was the leader of this group – Forced into exile by the Secret Police
Major Mistakes by the Czar Lose the Russo- Japanese War – Beaten by new kids Bloody Sunday – Killing of hundreds of peaceful protesters Eliminated the Duma – Russia’s first Parliament World War I – Not prepared
Rasputin Religious Monk Alexandra & Alexis – Hemophilia Used his influence to make political decisions Widespread rumors – Sexual – Power mongering He is eventually murdered – Pg. 771
The March Revolution March of 1917 Began in Petrograd at a Textile Factory Uprising spreads throughout Russia The Czar was eventually removed – Say Cheese!
Bolshevik Revolution A provisional government took charge – Leaders of the Duma Soviets eventually hold more power – Localized labor groups Lenin returned to Russia – Helped by Germany Provisional government topples
Victory is Mine! Lenin & Bolsheviks grab power in November of 1917 Russia drops out of WWI All ownership is equalized Red Army vs. White Army – Leon Trotsky leads the Red The Red Army wins in 1920
Lenin as Leader New Economic Policy – Small scale capitalism USSR is born Moscow is the new capital The Communist Party takes control – Not the proletariat By 1928, the USSR begins to improve
Communism Spreads China – Mao Zedong – 1949 Korea – Two nations developed after WWII – Korean War Cuba – Fidel Castro – 1959 Vietnam – Ho Chi Minh – 1975