Presentation on theme: "Reenacting the Russian Revolutions. Warm up Based on what we learned about the American, French, and Haitian Revolutions, what conditions would lead people."— Presentation transcript:
Reenacting the Russian Revolutions
Warm up Based on what we learned about the American, French, and Haitian Revolutions, what conditions would lead people to rebel and/or change their government?
Reeancting the russian rev’s Step 1: Read your group’s section of the textbook to get an understanding of the events, people, and terms of your “act.” Step 2: Write a script that includes all of the people/terms listed for your act. Step 3: Perform your act for the class, and take notes on the important events of other group’s acts.
act 1: Czarist Russia Czar: Russian dictator Czar Alexander III: Autocratic ruler of Russia from ; used harsh measures to keep power Czar Nicholas II: autocratic ruler of Russia, began process of Industrialization Pograms: organized violence against Jews
act 2: The seeds of revolution Karl Marx: wrote “The Communist Manifesto,” arguing that the proletariat (workers) should rise up and rebel in order to create an equal socialist society Vladimir Lenin: Revolutionary leader; Marxist Bolsheviks: Lenin’s party; radical revolutionaries who wanted change based on Marxist ideas Bloody Sunday: 1905; 200,000 workers petitioned the czar for better working conditions; army fired on them killing 1,000
Act 3: “Peace, Land, and Bread” Rasputin: Advisor to Czar Nicholas II March Revolution: 1917, series of strikes and riots that caused the czar to step down Soviets: local councils of workers, peasants, and soldiers Bolshevik Revolution: Lenin and his party took control of the government in November 1917 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk: treaty between Russia & Germany; got Russia out of war, but they had to give a lot of territory to the Germans
act 4: civil war White Army: Opponents of Bolsheviks Red Army: Bolshevik army led by Leon Trotsky USSR: United Soviet Socialist Republics Communist Party: Bolsheviks renamed themselves Communists based on Marx’ ideas that there should be a “dictatorship of Proletariats”
act 5: rise of totalitarianism Totalitarianism: a government that takes total, centralized, state control of all aspects of public and private life Joseph Stalin: became leader of Communist party and of USSR by 1928 Great Purge: campaign of terror conducted by Stalin in 1937 to eliminate rivals/threats to his power Indoctrination: instruction in government’s beliefs
homework Read Chapter 30, Section 3 (p ); think about how the rise of Communism in China compares to its rise in the Soviet Union